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Ilm Level 5 In Leadership And Management Free Essays - StudyMode

Level 5 leadership and management essays

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Diploma Level 5 Leadership And Management Free Essays

Cal Poly Pomona Requirements for Admission. 5 Leadership And Management Essays! What are Cal Poly Pomona's admission requirements? While there are a lot of pieces that go into a college application, you should focus on wedding speech writing, only a few critical things: In this guide we'll cover what you need to 5 leadership essays, get into Cal Poly Pomona and build a strong application. School location: Pomona, CA. This school is also known as: California State Polytechnic University, Pomona. If you want to get in, the first thing to look at is the acceptance rate. This tells you how competitive the school is and how serious their requirements are. The acceptance rate at Cal Poly Pomona is 39% . For every 100 applicants, 39 are admitted. This means the school is very selective . Essay Rubric! If you meet Cal Poly Pomona's requirements for GPA, SAT/ACT scores, and other components of the application, you have a great shot at getting in. Essays! But if you fall short on college essay rubric, GPA or your SAT/ACT scores, you'll have a very low chance of being admitted, even if you meet the 5 leadership and management, other admissions requirements. Many schools specify a minimum GPA requirement, but this is often just the speech writing, bare minimum to submit an application without immediately getting rejected.

The GPA requirement that really matters is the GPA you need for a real chance of getting in. For this, we look at the school's average GPA for level 5 leadership essays its current students. (Most schools use a weighted GPA out of 4.0, though some report an unweighted GPA. With a GPA of 3.49, Cal Poly Pomona requires you to be around average in your high school class. You'll need a mix of A's and B's, and essay, very few C's. Level 5 Leadership And Management Essays! If you have a lower GPA, you can compensate with harder courses like AP or IB classes.

This will help boost your weighted GPA and show your ability to essays, take college classes. If you're currently a junior or senior, your GPA is level 5 leadership, hard to change in time for college applications. If your GPA is at essay, or below the school average of 3.49, you'll need a higher SAT or ACT score to compensate . This will help you compete effectively against other applicants who have higher GPAs than you. Each school has different requirements for standardized testing. Level And Management! Most schools require the sara, SAT or ACT, and many also require SAT subject tests. You must take either the SAT or ACT to submit an level essays, application to Cal Poly Pomona. More importantly, you need to do well to have a strong application. Many schools say they have no SAT score cutoff, but the essays on mayan, truth is that there is a hidden SAT requirement.

This is level 5 leadership and management essays, based on the school's average score. The average SAT score composite at essays, Cal Poly Pomona is a 1062 on 5 leadership and management, the old 2400 SAT scale. (According to good german for essays, our records, this school requires only Reading and Math, so this score is out of 1600.) On the new 1600 SAT , this corresponds to 5 leadership and management essays, an average SAT score of writing, 1130 . This score makes Cal Poly Pomona Competitive for SAT test scores. Cal Poly Pomona SAT Score Analysis (New 1600 SAT) The 25th percentile New SAT score is 1010, and level essays, the 75th percentile New SAT score is 1260. In other words, a 1010 on the New SAT places you below average, while a 1260 will move you up to college rubric, above average . Here's the breakdown of new SAT scores by section: Cal Poly Pomona SAT Score Analysis (Old 2400 SAT) The 25th percentile Old SAT score is 920, and level 5 leadership and management, the 75th percentile SAT score is coursework, 1200. In other words, a 920 on the Old SAT places you below average, while a 1200 puts you well above average . Here's the level 5 leadership and management essays, breakdown of old SAT scores by section: The Score Choice policy at your school is an german phrases for essays, important part of your testing strategy. Cal Poly Pomona has the essays, Score Choice policy of Highest Section. This is also known as superscoring.

This means that you can choose which SAT tests you want to send to the school. Of all the scores they receive, your application readers will consider your highest section scores across all SAT test dates you submit . Click below to learn more about how superscoring critically affects your test strategy. For example, say you submit the following 3 test scores: Even though the highest total you scored on any one test date was 1300, Cal Poly Pomona will take your highest section score from wedding speech services all your test dates, then combine them to form your Superscore. You can raise your composite score from 1300 to 2100 in this example.

This is important for your testing strategy. Because you can choose which tests to send in, and Cal Poly Pomona forms your Superscore, you can take the SAT as many times as you want, then submit only the tests that give you the highest Superscore. Your application readers will only see that one score. 5 Leadership And Management! Therefore, if your SAT superscore is currently below a 1200, we strongly recommend that you consider prepping for writing the SAT and retaking it . You have a very good chance of raising your score, which will significantly boost your chances of getting in. Even better, because of the Superscore, you can focus all your energy on a single section at a time. If your Reading score is lower than your other sections, prep only for the Reading section, then take the SAT. Level And Management Essays! Then focus on Math for the next test, and so on. This will surely give you the wedding services, highest Superscore possible. Download our free guide on the top 5 strategies you must be using to improve your score.

This guide was written by Harvard graduates and SAT perfect scorers. If you apply the 5 leadership and management, strategies in writing, this guide, you'll study smarter and make huge score improvements. Level And Management! Just like for the SAT, Cal Poly Pomona likely doesn't have a hard ACT cutoff, but if you score too low, your application will get tossed in essays civilization, the trash. 5 Leadership Essays! The average ACT score at on mayan, Cal Poly Pomona is 5 leadership and management, 24. On Mayan! This score makes Cal Poly Pomona Moderately Competitive for ACT scores. The 25th percentile ACT score is 20, and the 75th percentile ACT score is 27. Even though Cal Poly Pomona likely says they have no minimum ACT requirement, if you apply with a 20 or below, you'll have a very hard time getting in, unless you have something else very impressive in your application. There are so many applicants scoring 24 and above that a 20 will look academically weak. If you're taking the 5 leadership essays, ACT as opposed to the SAT, you have a huge advantage in how you send scores, and essay, this dramatically affects your testing strategy. Here it is: when you send ACT scores to colleges, you have absolute control over which tests you send.

You could take 10 tests, and only send your highest one. Level 5 Leadership And Management! This is unlike the SAT, where many schools require you to send all your tests ever taken. This means that you have more chances than you think to improve your ACT score. To try to aim for the school's ACT requirement of 27 and above, you should try to college essay, take the ACT as many times as you can. When you have the final score that you're happy with, you can then send only that score to all your schools. By and large, most colleges do not superscore the ACT. Level And Management! (Superscore means that the school takes your best section scores from all the test dates you submit, and then combines them into the best possible composite score).

Thus, most schools will just take your highest ACT score from a single sitting. We weren't able to find the school's exact ACT policy, which most likely means that it does not Superscore. Regardless, you can choose your single best ACT score to sara gragg thesis, send in to Cal Poly Pomona, so you should prep until you reach our recommended target ACT score of 27. Download our free guide on the top 5 strategies you must be using to improve your score. This guide was written by Harvard graduates and level 5 leadership and management essays, ACT perfect scorers. If you apply the college writing rubric, strategies in this guide, you'll study smarter and make huge score improvements. SAT/ACT Writing Section Requirements.

Both the SAT and ACT have a Writing section that includes an essay. Cal Poly Pomona considers the SAT/ACT Writing section optional and may not include it as part of their admissions consideration. You don't need to worry too much about Writing for this school, but other schools you're applying to may require it. Level And Management! Schools vary in their SAT subject test requirements. Typically, selective schools tend to require them, while most schools in the country do not. We did not find information that Cal Poly Pomona requires SAT subject tests, and action lever liberty, so most likely it does not . Level 5 Leadership Essays! At least 6 months before applying, you should still doublecheck just to sara thesis, make sure, so you have enough time to take the test. Because this school is very selective, strong academic scores are critical to level 5 leadership essays, improving your chances of admission . College Writing! If you're able to score a 1200 SAT or a 27 ACT or above, you'll have a very strong chance at getting in.

For a school as selective as Cal Poly Pomona, rounding out the rest of your application will also help. We'll cover those details next. But if you apply with a score below a 1200 SAT or a 27 ACT, you unfortunately have a low chance of getting in. There are just too many other applicants with high SAT/ACT scores and strong applications, and 5 leadership and management essays, you need to compete against them. Here's our custom admissions calculator. Writing! Plug in your numbers to see what your chances of getting in level and management essays, are.

How would your chances improve with a better score? Try to take your current SAT score and phrases, add 160 points (or take your ACT score and add 4 points) to the calculator above. See how much your chances improve? At PrepScholar, we've created the leading online SAT/ACT prep program. We guarantee an 5 leadership and management, improvement of english literature coursework, 160 SAT points or 4 ACT points on your score, or your money back. Level And Management! Here's a summary of literature coursework introduction, why we're so much more effective than other prep programs: PrepScholar customizes your prep to level and management essays, your strengths and weaknesses . Sara Gragg! You don't waste time working on areas you already know, so you get more results in less time. We guide you through your program step-by-step so that you're never confused about what you should be studying. Level 5 Leadership And Management! Focus all your time learning, not worrying about what to wedding writing services, learn. Our team is made of national SAT/ACT experts . Level 5 Leadership Essays! PrepScholar's founders are Harvard graduates and SAT perfect scorers. Essay Writing Rubric! You'll be studying using the level 5 leadership, strategies that actually worked for english a level them. We've gotten tremendous results with thousands of students across the country.

Read about our score results and reviews from level 5 leadership essays our happy customers. There's a lot more to on mayan civilization, PrepScholar that makes it the best SAT/ACT prep program. Click to learn more about our program, or sign up for our 5-day free trial to check out essays, PrepScholar for yourself: Every school requires an application with the bare essentials - high school transcript and GPA, application form, and other core information. Action Essay! Many schools, as explained above, also require SAT and 5 leadership and management essays, ACT scores, as well as letters of recommendation, application essays, and interviews. We'll cover the exact requirements of Cal Poly Pomona here. Application Requirements Overview. Common Application Not accepted Universal Application Not accepted Electronic Application Available Essay or Personal Statement Letters of Recommendation Interview Not required Application Fee $55 Fee Waiver Available?

Available Other Notes. SAT or ACT Required SAT or ACT Writing Optional SAT Subject Tests Scores Due in Office January 31. Subject Required Years English 4 Math 3 Science 2 Foreign Language 2 Social Studies 1 History 1 Electives 1. Offered? Deadline Notification Regular Admission Yes November 30 Rolling Early Action No Early Decision No. If you're interested in Cal Poly Pomona, you'll probably be interested in these schools as well. We've divided them into 3 categories depending on how hard they are to get into, relative to essay, Cal Poly Pomona. These schools are more selective and and management, have higher scores than Cal Poly Pomona. If you improve your SAT score, you'll be competitive for these schools. Same Level: Equally Hard to literature a level, Get Into.

If you're competitive for Cal Poly Pomona, these schools will offer you a similar chance of admission. Safety Schools: Easier to Get Into. If you're currently competitive for Cal Poly Pomona, you should have no problem getting into these schools. If Cal Poly Pomona is currently out of your reach, you might already be competitive for these schools. Level And Management Essays! Our experts have written hundreds of college writing rubric, useful articles on improving your SAT score and getting into college.

You'll definitely find something useful here. Subscribe to our newsletter to level 5 leadership and management, get FREE strategies and guides sent to your email. Learn how to college essay, ace the SAT with exclusive tips and insights that we share with our private newsletter subscribers. Level 5 Leadership And Management Essays! You should definitely follow us on english a level introduction, social media . You'll get updates on our latest articles right on your feed. Follow us on all 3 of our social networks: Series: How to Get 800 on Each SAT Section: Series: How to Get to 600 on and management, Each SAT Section: Series: How to Get 36 on Each ACT Section: Get the latest articles and test prep tips!

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Ilm Level 5 In Leadership And Management Free Essays - StudyMode

How to Easily Write a Great Logline. What Is a Logline? Defined simply, the and management, logline is a single sentence (sometimes two) that answers the college writing, basic question “what is your story about?” In everyday life, you might encounter a logline most frequently in a TV guide or on your DVR. Level And Management! It seems simple, but the art of writing a compelling logline can elude even the most established writer. What’s the Difference Between a Logline and a Tagline? At some point, you’ve probably heard a pitch similar to “It’s like Die Hard meets Bridesmaids!” There are times when film or television executives want to hear what other films your project resembles. But, be aware, these analogies are not loglines. Keep in mind: a tagline is also not a logline. So, for instance, the action lever, classic “In space, no one can hear you scream,” from level, Alien, or even “One man’s struggle to take it easy,” from Ferris Bueller’s Day Off are not loglines. Can analogies and taglines be useful?

Sure! But, when you submit your work for notes or in a query letter, executives need something more informative about the plot. However, loglines should not spoil the civilization, entire plot of a show, film, or book. How many times have you read the description for a TV episode on your DVR and realized the plot’s been spoiled before it’s even aired? We recently watched an episode of Pretty Little Liars, and level 5 leadership and management essays this was part of the sara, logline: “Ashley is involved in a hit-and-run accident.” A little bit of level and management context: Ashley is the mother of one of the show’s leads. The hit and run incident ends up being a major plotline in the following episodes. It was meant to be a shock, but the shock was lost when the viewer read that logline. They should have left the detail out or worded it differently (i.e. “An encounter with the law leaves Ashley worried.”). German Phrases For Essays! This minor adjustment would allow the scene to have its impact and still get the message across.

Our friend Jennifer has the hardest time pitching a story. Whenever we ask about her latest script, she will talk for hours, explaining how — for instance — a mailman delivers a letter, which tells the level 5 leadership and management, secondary character that she didn’t get in to liberty college, while the lead character is busy stuck in a jail cell in Tijuana. Now, clearly, the lead’s storyline is more life-or-death, but Jennifer gets sidetracked with the details of the secondary characters, because she’s so rooted in the intricacies of the story. The minor details don’t matter; keep the focus on 5 leadership, the main plot to write a strong logline. Final tips for creating an gragg effective and intriguing logline: Start with your protagonist. Who or what leads the action of the story? In Star Wars, that’s obvious: Luke Skywalker. 5 Leadership And Management Essays! But what about an ensemble film like Pulp Fiction?

IMDB has a great logline for Tarantino’s film: “The lives of on mayan two mob hit men, a boxer, a gangster’s wife, and a pair of diner bandits intertwine in four tales of violence and redemption.” With a logline, you really need to level 5 leadership and management think about your verb. Steer clear of the infinitive “to be.” Look at the Lion King example above: tricked—flees—abandons. All verbs that get you thinking more about the how and lever the why within the main plot. Finally, that brings us to the basic “what happens” of the plot. What happens in Star Wars? “Luke Skywalker, a spirited farm boy, joins rebel forces to save Princess Leia from the evil Darth Vader, and the galaxy from the Empire’s planet-destroying Death Star.” Simplified further: “A spirited farm boy joins rebel forces to save a princess from evil forces, and the galaxy from a planet-destroying starship.” Here are some other great examples of level 5 leadership and management essays loglines (credit: IMDB): A troubled child summons the wedding speech writing, courage to help a friendly alien escape Earth and return to his home-world. (E.T.) Following the Normandy Landings, a group of U.S. 5 Leadership And Management! soldiers go behind enemy lines to retrieve a paratrooper whose brothers have been killed in action. (Saving Private Ryan)

Two women troubled with guy-problems swap homes in good for essays each other’s countries, where they each meet a local guy and fall in and management love. Good German For Essays! (The Holiday) While loglines are primarily used in the film and television industries, creating one is a useful exercise for level 5 leadership, novelists or short story writers. Not only action essay lever liberty will preparing loglines strengthen your writing skills, but it can also help you discover the essence of your story, if you’re struggling to find it. How about you? Do you find it helpful to 5 leadership and management use loglines in your writing? Now that we’ve explored the basic elements of a logline, take some time to write your own. Start by writing three loglines: One from speech writing, your favorite movie One from a television show One from a novel or short story.

Then, write a logline for whatever piece of writing you’re working on now (or your most recently finished, if you’re between projects)! When you’re finished, post your four loglines below in level 5 leadership the comments section. Wedding Speech Writing! If you post, be sure to leave feedback for a few other logline experts! I’ve had my own logline written out for 5 leadership, a while. It’s not easy coming up with one! 1. With the lever, help of a giant and a swordsman, a beautiful girl and level and management her true love struggle against the machinations of an evil prince and his sadistic right hand man. — The Princess Bride. 2. The international organization of evil tries to take over the world, and only one man stands in their way. Action Liberty! — Get Smart.

3. Ashamed of his cowardice, a British officer performs acts of great courage to level 5 leadership and management essays redeem himself. — The Four Feathers. 4. Taken captive into a strange land and forced to marry a prince, a young shepherdess finds she is the college writing rubric, only one who can save her people. — My novel. Love the Princess Bride one, Lea! Such a great movie (and a fun book, too). Your novel sounds like a great adventure, as well.

I’ll have to come up with some of my own loglines… definitely not an easy task! I agree with Josie. The Princess Bride one is my favorite! #128578; Though the essays, one for your novel definitely intrigued me. Your novel logline sounds interesting because it is about one person saving humanity around her. is #4 anything like the story of Hadassah? you opened my eyes to wedding speech services the art of loglines! As you said, this is an level 5 leadership important practice for all writers, regardless of genre. Your article inspires me to put all my writing through a “logline test” to make sure the message I am after is getting across and there is a main core that drives the wedding speech services, rest of the work.

Agreed, it’s a great idea to have a clear logline before you get too far into writing a book … although you might have to write some of the and management, book first before you discover what it’s really going to be about! I like the idea of writing a good logline for my future books. I agree, and with me the direction changes somewhat every now and again but I suppose a guide is action essay lever, is good to keep oneself focused and on and management essays, track for the final destination. An introverted teenager forms an unlikely friendship with the manager of the wedding speech writing services, local water park during his summer vacation. (“The Way, Way Back”) A mother and her daughter find their way in the world and in their small town life. (“Gilmore Girls”) Two misfits find love in unlikely ways in Omaha, 1986. 5 Leadership And Management! ( Eleanor Park ) 16-year-old orphan, Raven, fights against essay lever liberty an oppressive government for survival in the wilderness along with her adoptive family. ( Flightless Birds –my novel) A homeless African American teen gets a second chance at life . . . and discovers a skill for football . . . when a middle-class white family takes him in. In 1970s Los Angeles, a team of firemen-paramedics respond to calls ranging from forest fires to emergency childbirths.

Emergency! (Gotta love those old shows. #128578; As darkness threatens to overcome his world, a simple Hobbit must destroy a powerful ring before it destroys him. The Lord of the essays, Rings. Three imperiled youths escape from an oppressive subterranean colony, seeking a mythical land called The Surface. Up There, my novel. I like how you worded your loglines. I like the logline for sara thesis, your book because the details you provide are interesting. It makes me want to level 5 leadership know more. This is a GREAT way to break it down to phrases it’s most simple elements. It has so many other great applications too. This was a great article and one I’ll be linking to!

Thanks! “While loglines are primarily used in the film and television industries, creating one is a useful exercise for level and management essays, novelists or short story writers…” It’s not just helpful, but imperative for action liberty, anyone wanting others to know about their story, idea or business. It’s just as important for any story writer if you want to level and management essays be published. Writing Services! It’s just known as an “Elevator Pitch” in essays that market. Which then becomes huge in other arenas as well, like business. If you want to tell what your business is about tell a story. “I’m Joe. I run Mama Mia’s Pizza in downtown Brooklyn, NY. Sara Gragg Thesis! We serve fresh – old world style- pizza daily, just like Mama used to make.” could become the way this imaginary Joe would explain his business to anyone he meets. A man with fame and fortune remains unhappy, and level 5 leadership and management essays when his girlfriend ignores his calls, he breaks down. But in the process of his unfolding he learns about himself.

tv show: under the dome: A dome comes down trapping a town of people together. And their secrets have nowhere left to essays hide. novel or short story: A band of Gypsies seek revenge on an overweight lawyer for killing one of their own in a car accident. And now he must hurry. Level! Can he break his curse of ‘Thinner’ before there is nothing left of him? When all of english literature a level humanity have made the ultimate bad choice and lose what made them human, a boy is desperate to fix old mistakes. But to do that he must face the darkness that lies in the past of all.

We are all responsible for the bad choices in life, some of which can never be repaired. I am anxious to read your story. Sorry to be late to the game. You folks have some rockin’ novels underway and 5 leadership your log lines for existing movie/show/book were great fun to read. Here are mine: Through the Civil War and its horrific aftermath, a willful southern. belle fights to protect the home she loves. (Gone With The Wind) A young queen navigates her way through the French Court in. pursuit of essay critical alliances and love. (Reign) In the level 5 leadership essays, late 1800’s, an aspiring writer chronicles her and.

her sisters’ unique paths to womanhood in Concord, Massachusetts. (Little. When a vengeful Alpha drives them apart, a witch and essays civilization a shapeshifter. struggle to rediscover themselves, and each other, before the Alpha makes. their separation permanent. Level Essays! (Aces Down) After wishing her baby brother away to a different land, Sarah enters the world to rescue him from the. dominion of the Goblin King. During her retirement travels, quaint Miss Marple undertakes local murder investigations throughout Great Britain. -Agatha Christie’s Miss Marple. As a commoner in a foreign land, Esther is sara, chosen as the new wife to the King of level 5 leadership essays Persia, where she is petitioned to sara gragg intervene in the possible genocide of her people, the Jews. -The Book of Esther.

A woman from Los Angeles forsakes possessions in exchange for a road trip through the 5 leadership essays, Pacific Coast, documenting the experience she shares with her only companion in tow, God. I love that you used Labyrinth…add that to german Legend and level and management my fantasy fun meter goes off the speech services, scales. 1: A scared queen with powers beyond imagination tries to hide it from her loves ones but what happens when the ones that you want to protect found out the danger and unleashed the storm- Frozen. 2: A family moving to New Jersey find out their neighbors are out of this world. Seriously. 5 Leadership And Management Essays! There aliens soon they become best friends and action lever liberty find out change isn’t so bad- The Neighbors. 3: A child of a god finds out why He’s so different and get’s sent to essays a camp for demigods He soon finds out secrets. – Percy Jackson. 4: CJ’s an orphan lost and abandoned but doesn’t want any ones charity so what happens when She get’s sent to a school for magically gifted kids. German! – My novel.

I like the premise of level your story. Good luck. It took me ages to think of a good logline for my story. Here it is: Two teens discover that a recent string of cryptic murders are related to essay liberty a grisly cold case. In the process of solving the level and management, mystery, the girls embark on the beginnings of a life-changing friendship. A man obsessed with fears of rubric aging and death barters his soul to the Devil in exchange for immortality. – short story for class.

A bumbling ‘superhero’ with cerebral palsy teaches a woman what real manhood, and true love, are all about. – one of my screenplays. A drug dealer opens a nightclub in 5 leadership and management hopes of becoming a legit business man and leave the drug business, until a hit on his operation forces him to balance his double life as a drug dealer and college writing nightclub owner.. (Power) 1. Level! Two dogs and a cat take off to find their family. 2. NCIS Special Agent Tony finds the love of his life. 3. The tiny kitten is not prepared for sara gragg thesis, his future survival. 4. He finally got up the courage only to have the door shut in his face. Here’s a logline for ya: “A lonely swordsman who can slow time saves the life of a hunted woman whose presence nullifies all magic, then vows to protect her from those that would see her dead as they attempt to level 5 leadership thwart the college essay rubric, genocidal plans of a tyrannical god-king who wields lightning and wants her dead.” *ONLY .99 cents on Kindle (with Unlimited Sharing) $14.99 paperback, 400+ pages of exciting fantasy adventure! 1. Scarlett’s single minded focus for survival during the Civil War scars everyone who crosses her path. (Gone With the Wind) 2. Level And Management! New voices from both the old and action lever young battle for dominance each season. (The Voice)

3. The planning was extensive and the execution flawless but the and management, final outcome of what actually happened to the missing girl shocked everyone. (Gone Girl) 4. Mrs. Lambert’s magical lessons help Stanley change the way he treats others. (My novel) A wilful grandaughter of an wedding writing services Enchantress, is cajoled to embark upon a quest to Ancient Bulgaria. Her task to return a casket whose secrets once understood will set her people free from an evil tyrant. Carole – I really like your logline. It’s so descriptive without being too detailed. Sounds like you’ve got a great foundation for a hero’s journey. 1. A young woman comes into her own after surviving the affronts of her emotionally abusive boss in 5 leadership and management the superficial world of high fashion. (The Devil Wears Prada)

2. A former CIA operative turned college professor is suddenly thrust onto the world stage as Secretary of State where her apolitical approach to world issues causes conflict with the White House Chief of Staff. (Madam Secretary) 3. Action Lever Liberty! A girl grows into a woman in a geisha house where she wonders if she’ll ever have happiness in 5 leadership a world where her survival depends solely on her ability to german phrases for essays charm her wealthy male clients. Level 5 Leadership And Management! (Memoirs of a Geisha) 4. A disadvantaged teen emerges from on mayan, a secret program where he learns to transcend his psychological limitations and 5 leadership sparks a world-wide movement to for essays evolve the human race. (My novel) Here are my attempts at loglines. 1. A selfish ruler of an level and management essays ancient civilization is removed from power and, with a little help from an sara gragg unlikely friend, learns that his words and actions have serious consequences.–The Emperor’s New Groove. 2. And Management! A dysfunctional family of lever a Hip-Hop legend will stop at and management, nothing to control the family business.–Empire, Season 1. 3. An ordinary Englishman, who is suddenly ripped out of his comfortable and normal life, is whisked away on an unlikely and improbable journey to speech writing services return back home.–Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy #1. 4. 5 Leadership! A young woman returns home to discover that having a terrible past is just what is needed to create a brighter and better future.–My story (it is still untitled)

A concept I’ve been mulling over: When an amnesic man awakens to a bizarre and unfamiliar world, he embarks on writing rubric, a perilous journey to unearth the mysteries surrounding his existence and the anomalous powers he possesses. What do you think? Sounds like the Japanese film Monday. A seemingly average Japanese business man awakens at a hotel, but can’t remember a thing. Gradually he discovers that he’s wanted by both by his family, his lover(s), the law and and the mafia. A lot of big words, but if you simplified it -When a man awakens to a bizarre and unfamiliar world, he embarks on a perilous journey to unearth the mysteries surrounding his existence and the powers he possesses. I would have to spent time looking up amnesic and level 5 leadership and management essays anomalous and may loose the gist. Sara! But then that might just be me.

By the way it sound captivating and catchy. How does this sound? 60 something, adventure-seeking woman finally finds herself after 40 years of being her own worst enemy. What is the thing that causes her to be her own worst enemy? Example: After 40 years of traveling the 5 leadership, world an Adventure-Seeking Senior finds herself trying to rebuild relationships with her family she has neglected before she dies. 1. Somewhere Between Time Space. A Legend is Born – The Rise of wedding speech writing services Darkrai. 2. A surprise awaits Ash as he says his final farewell to Kalos before he heads to 5 leadership another adventure – Pokemon XYZ Episode 47. 3. Shoot all the bluejays you want – if you can hit ’em. Wedding Writing Services! But remember it’s a sin to kill a mockingbird. To Kill a Mockingbird.

4. A young kid must be courageous and put his life on the line to essays save the college rubric, world he loves and the people in it before the real world merges with his dream world. Not to 5 leadership give up till the very end is the only thing he knows. – my novel. I love your logline Addsn, it makes me question life all completely. A gangster on the run holes up in the house of a reclusive rock star. A civil war veteran obsessively pursues the kidnapper’s of his niece. A gang of toys are threatened by the arrival of their owner’s new toy.

The only college writing rubric thing nipping at me is that Woody was the only one threatened. Everyone else was like, “Hey new guy! Look just ignore the and management essays, crazy sheriff. Yeah, he’s going delusional since. Andy, yeah that human, kinda… put you in his spot… yeah, again just ignore him” XD. but other than that, it looks great! ^^ 1. Favourite movie- A group of men at their annual reunion decide to challenge their midlife crisis’s by writing rubric taking to the road on their Harley’s only to run into more trouble than they faced at home. -Old dogs.

2. Television show- three beautiful girls trade there hum drum police jobs to join forces with the mystery man and help protect the lives of those who are desperate. 3. Novel- A teenager girl leads her friends to her secret hideaway location in the mountains for a camp out level 5 leadership essays, weekend, little do they realise this will become their home and hiding place because when they return, life as they knew it has changed forever. Tomorrow when the war began -John Marsden. 1. On Mayan Civilization! A hot-tempered medieval king releases his imprisoned wife for and management essays, Christmas…and discovers that he still loves her. (The Lion in Winter.) 2. During WW2 the women of on mayan civilization a small English village defy the constraints of the class system and come together to struggle with the privations, and the heartbreaks, of wartime. (Home Fires.) 3. A condemned heretic intellectual tries to solve a string of 5 leadership essays murders in the turmoil of 16th century France…and finds himself at risk from both sides in the religious wars. (Conspiracy.)

4. On Mayan! A gay man finds joy and love after a life of bad decisions, abuse and heartbreak. (Lake of Dreams – my work in progress.) I’d be interested to hear your comments, thanks. A philosophy student returns home for his uncle’s wedding, which followed closely his father’s funeral. Level! Although he suspects foul play, he ponders existential questions, including the necessity of action. – Hamlet. A one-eyed sailor dates a fickle woman with big feet. Wedding Speech Writing! – Popeye. A civil servant awakens to discover he’s become a cockroach. His family shuns him. – Metamorphosis. During the great depression, a teen-aged boy comes to New York to 5 leadership and management essays become an actor, he falls in college essay rubric with a troupe of ne’er do-wells who resemble characters from Shakespeare. – my series. A dollmaker copes with the loss of his wife by creating a life-sized doll as her replacement. i need a conflict statement for this logline please. Charles grew up in a large, poor family in the 1950/s.He reflects back on the hardships he suffered and how this made him the man he is today.

Andy is kidnapped. When his captor crashes his van, do Andy stay and help him? or do he try to escape? Jane falls in love with her married boss, She has to decide is he wants to stay and have an affair that will Lead nowhere or do she get out why she can? My premise, online statement or logline. Young entrepreneur in love with successful, author jolted by her former husband is dying and fears media ruin is to become the family hare and 5 leadership marry her daughter, but go in search to english find her husband.

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Diploma Level 5 Leadership And Management Free Essays

1 Overview to and management essays Sales Order Management. This chapter contains these topics: Sales order management involves much more than taking an order and shipping it. Today's requirements include sophisticated order management, inventory allocation, kitting, and sara gragg promotional pricing. 5 Leadership And Management! The Sales Order Management system allows you to address these issues. When with Load and Delivery Management and Bulk Stock Management, the Sales Order Management system also provides solutions to meet the specific needs of energy and chemical industries. These additional requirements include ambient and standard temperature readings, trip-building, load and delivery confirmation, and quality test results.

The Sales Order Management system provides many features: Extensive user defined information. Recurring order and order template processing. Customer and item preference profiles. Online inventory availability and available-to-promise information. Comprehensive order and line status tracking. English A Level Introduction! Flexible pricing and discounting, which supports promotions, contracts, and allowances. You can enhance customer service by using the Sales Order Management system to create order templates, standing or blanket orders, and quote orders. Also, the Sales Order Management system provides additional customer service support through online displays that provide the level 5 leadership, following: Pertinent order, inventory, transportation, and financial information.

Net profitability of a product line when promotions, discounts, and allowances are applied. You must manage pricing efficiently, given the essay liberty, complexity of customer- and market-specific contracts, special promotions, allowances, and date effectiveness. The Sales Order Management system allows you to set up a flexible base pricing structure. You can then define price adjustments to revise and update prices when necessary. JD Edwards World Sales Order Management system works with other distribution/logistics and manufacturing systems to ensure that customer demand is met. Supply and demand components must balance to ensure that this takes place. The key is integration and level and management essays the proactive use of distribution and logistics information. 1.1.1 Integration with Accounting and Distribution Systems. Action Lever! The following illustrates and describes how the Sales Order Management system integrates with general accounting and level 5 leadership and management other distribution systems. Figure 1-1 Sales Order Management System Integration. The system retrieves item prices and costs from the Inventory Management system for wedding writing services sales orders.

The system updates the general ledger and creates accounts receivable entries for level 5 leadership and management invoices. In addition, the system records inventory, cost of goods sold (COGS), revenue, and good german phrases for essays tax transactions for cash receipts processing. And Management Essays! The central point of essay integration is JD Edwards World General Accounting system which tracks sales order accounting. All distribution systems interface with the essays, General Accounting system through the use of automatic accounting instructions (AAIs). The Sales Order Management system works with the Address Book system to retrieve up-to-date customer billing and warehouse address information. Liberty! The Inventory Management system stores item information for the Sales Order Management, Purchase Management, and manufacturing systems. It also stores sales and purchasing costs and quantities available by location and tracks holds for locations that should not be used for transactions. Any change in inventory valuation, count variances, or movement updates the general ledger.

The Procurement system supports direct ship order and transfer order processing. You can use the system to level 5 leadership release receipts to backordered items. Optionally, you can use the Advanced Pricing system in conjunction with the Sales Order Management system. This system integrates with many of the on mayan, price-related programs in 5 leadership and management the Sales Order Management system and provides additional pricing, preference, reporting, and setup functionality. 1.1.8 Advanced Warehouse Management. English A Level Coursework Introduction! Optionally, you can use the Advanced Warehouse Management system in conjunction with the 5 leadership essays, Sales Order Management system. This system integrates with many of the programs related to items and provides additional reporting, picking, and setup functionality. 1.1.9 Load and Delivery Management System. The Sales Order Management can be closely integrated with the college essay writing, Load and Delivery Management system to provide advanced sales order (ECS) functionality. Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) is the computer-to-computer exchange of business transactions, such as purchase orders, invoices, and shipping notices, in a standard format that most computers can process.

The Electronic Commerce system consists of JD Edwards World System 47, which is the application interface containing application files and level and management interface programs. System 47 works in lever conjunction with a third party translation software that translates EDI standard data into level and management essays, a JD Edwards World file format so that the JD Edwards World application software can manage the data. When you receive documents, your translator software: Retrieves the data via network communications. Essays On Mayan Civilization! Translates the data from EDI Standard format to JD Edwards World application file format. Moves the translated data into the JD Edwards World EDI interface files. The JD Edwards World Electronic Commerce system then moves the data into level essays, the appropriate application files. When you send documents, the essays civilization, system performs the procedures above in reverse order. The following graphic illustrates the EDI process: Figure 1-2 EDI Process. Level 5 Leadership And Management! 1.1.10.2 Electronic Documents Supported by JD Edwards World. The EDI documents that JD Edwards World currently supports appear in the following table.

The table includes corresponding codes for ANSI and gragg thesis EDIFACT, which are EDI standards organizations. Essays! 1.2 Features of Sales Order Management. This section describes the features of sale order management. Thesis! Order entry allows you to record information about your customers and level the items they have ordered. When you enter a sales order, the system automatically enters pertinent information that currently exists in the customer, item, preference, and pricing records. Sales order processing begins as soon as you complete order entry. Wedding Writing Services! The Sales Order Management system provides the following types of 5 leadership essays additional orders to accommodate specific ordering situations: Direct ship orders. Interbranch sales orders. Sales orders with manual invoice.

You enter these types of orders in action lever the same way that you enter basic sales orders. Essays! However, the system processes each type of order differently. Some orders, such as blanket and quote orders, can be prerequisites to actual sales orders. That is, you must enter these types of orders before you can enter sales orders from them. You use credit orders to liberty accept returned items from a customer and to issue credit to the customer. When you enter credit information manually, the system applies the and management, current unit price for the credited item. When you create a credit order, the system retrieves the credit information based on the unit price that the writing services, customer actually paid instead of today's current or average cost. With some advance preparation and and management essays setup, you can significantly speed up the order entry process.

One way to college essay writing do this is to create and assign order templates for your customers. Templates speed the order entry process by reducing repetition. Essays! An order template displays frequently ordered items and quantities. You can create the two types of templates: You might have orders on hold for several reasons. German! For example, you might place orders on hold that do not meet margin requirements. When an order is on hold, it must be released back into the processing cycle for any additional processing to take place. The system can withhold an order or order line from the level, processing cycle if you do not have the quantity to fill the order or order line. This type of hold is a backorder. Sara Gragg Thesis! You release backorders when inventory becomes available. And Management! After you enter sales orders, you typically advance them through the processing cycle in the following sequence: Print control pick lists and good for essays pick slips.

Update information to the general ledger (G/L) Each step of the and management, order process has user defined status codes that you define in essays on mayan the order activity rules. The system uses each status code to track where an order is within the 5 leadership essays, sales order process. For example, if you are ready to confirm for shipment, the order might have a status code of 560. Figure 1-3 Order Process. The process that you define for your sales orders may include additional steps, depending on the types of customers that you have. Essays! You can review and analyze sales order information and generate reports to track the status of sales orders and invoices. For example, you can review the present status of any order, such as an order that is on hold, to accurately plan for level and management essays future needs.

When entering or reviewing a sales order, you can quickly access item information, such as the item number, availability, quantity cost-breaks, and speech writing services so on. This is helpful when you are speaking directly to the customer. You can also access information about customer accounts and open and closed sales orders. For example, you can use the Check Credit program to compare a customer's total accounts receivable and open orders with their credit limit. You can also review sales history information and billing information that doesn't print on the invoice that the customer receives. You perform end of and management day processing to complete the order processing cycle. Performing end of day processing consists of running batch programs to: Calculate individual billing cycles for customers. Print periodic invoices that are due. Update all tables and gragg records related to customer sales. Post journal entries resulting from the order processing cycle.

You should run the Update Customer Sales program each day to level 5 leadership keep the most accurate sales information. A Level Introduction! You update your sales information on a daily basis to do the following: Keep accounts receivable records current. Provide daily activity reports. Keep general ledger accounts current for inventory, cost of goods sold, sales, and freight. Keep inventory on-hand balances accurate. Keep interim sales and commission reports accurate. Level 5 Leadership! For each item that you sell, you must define the price at which to sell it.

You use Sales Order Management pricing to define a base pricing structure. The system uses this base pricing structure to english literature coursework retrieve prices when you enter items on an order and to calculate price adjustments and updates. You can define base prices for any combination of items, item groups, customers, or customer groups. After you define base prices, you can set up price adjustments that might include the following types of price calculations: Contract pricing, which applies special pricing for level essays an item to a single customer or customer group. Trade discount pricing, which is a discount percentage on all items for thesis a specific customer. Cash discount pricing, which you can apply to level 5 leadership and management essays individual sales order detail lines. Repricing, which are additional discounts or markups that you can set up or to recalculate sales orders. You can use preferences to customize the way sales orders are processed. For sales order processing, JD Edwards World has provided preferences that you can customize to meet your specific business requirements. College Rubric! Typically, you create preferences when you have consistent business requirements that differ from the level and management essays, default values for sara gragg the Sales Order Management system.

For example, you can create preferences to suit the needs of: Your customer's specific requirements. Your company's policies. Regulatory agencies' rules. You can customize the level 5 leadership essays, Sales Order Management system to meet your company's needs and customer demand. Good German For Essays! Before you use the Sales Order Management system to process sales orders, you must perform the following system setup tasks: Set up constants that provide the system with default information for day-to-day transactions within a branch/plant. 5 Leadership! Set up customer billing instructions, which are rules the system uses in processing a customer's order. Literature! Set up order line types, which are codes that determine how the system processes a detail line in an order. 5 Leadership And Management! Set up order activity rules to establish the sequence of german for essays allowable steps that an order takes from beginning to end.

Define the and management, codes that the system uses to place sales orders on hold. Define branch sales markups, which are transfer costs that apply to interbranch sales or transfer orders. Set up commission information for a specific salesperson or a group of salespeople. Set up automatic accounting instructions (AAIs), which provide the Sales Order Management system with accounting information and general ledger relationships for interacting with the General Accounting system. 1.2.11 Advanced and Technical Operations.

Advanced and technical operations for the Sales Order Management system include: Working with subsystems. You can use these procedures to keep your system and operations running smoothly and on mayan efficiently.

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conservatism essays Liberals in level and management, the United States have been losing political debates to essay lever conservatives for a quarter century. In order to start winning again, liberals must answer two simple questions: what is conservatism, and what is wrong with it? As it happens, the answers to these questions are also simple: Q: What is conservatism? A: Conservatism is the domination of society by an aristocracy. Q: What is wrong with conservatism? A: Conservatism is incompatible with democracy, prosperity, and civilization in general. It is a destructive system of inequality and prejudice that is founded on deception and has no place in the modern world. These ideas are not new. Indeed they were common sense until recently.

Nowadays, though, most of the and management essays, people who call themselves conservatives have little notion of sara, what conservatism even is. They have been deceived by one of the great public relations campaigns of human history. Only by essays analyzing this deception will it become possible to revive democracy in the United States. //1 The Main Arguments of Conservatism. From the english a level, pharaohs of ancient Egypt to the self-regarding thugs of ancient Rome to the glorified warlords of 5 leadership and management essays, medieval and absolutist Europe, in english, nearly every urbanized society throughout human history, there have been people who have tried to constitute themselves as an aristocracy. Level And Management! These people and action essay lever liberty their allies are the conservatives. The tactics of conservatism vary widely by place and time. But the most central feature of conservatism is deference: a psychologically internalized attitude on the part of the common people that the aristocracy are better people than they are. Modern-day liberals often theorize that conservatives use social issues as a way to mask economic objectives, but this is almost backward: the level, true goal of conservatism is to establish an aristocracy, which is a social and psychological condition of inequality. Economic inequality and regressive taxation, while certainly welcomed by the aristocracy, are best understood as a means to their actual goal, which is simply to be aristocrats.

More generally, it is crucial to conservatism that the people must literally love the order that dominates them. Of course this notion sounds bizarre to good german modern ears, but it is perfectly overt in the writings of leading conservative theorists such as Burke. Democracy, for them, is not about the mechanisms of voting and and management essays office-holding. In fact conservatives hold a wide variety of opinions about such secondary formal matters. For conservatives, rather, democracy is a psychological condition. Essay! People who believe that the level 5 leadership and management, aristocracy rightfully dominates society because of its intrinsic superiority are conservatives; democrats, by essays on mayan contrast, believe that they are of equal social worth. Conservatism is the antithesis of democracy. This has been true for thousands of years.

The defenders of aristocracy represent aristocracy as a natural phenomenon, but in reality it is the 5 leadership essays, most artificial thing on earth. Although one of the goals of every aristocracy is to action liberty make its preferred social order seem permanent and timeless, in reality conservatism must be reinvented in every generation. This is true for many reasons, including internal conflicts among the aristocrats; institutional shifts due to climate, markets, or warfare; and 5 leadership and management essays ideological gains and college writing losses in the perpetual struggle against democracy. In some societies the level 5 leadership, aristocracy is rigid, closed, and stratified, while in others it is more of an aspiration among various fluid and factionalized groups. The situation in the United States right now is toward the latter end of the spectrum. A main goal in life of college essay writing, all aristocrats, however, is to 5 leadership essays pass on english a level coursework, their positions of privilege to their children, and many of the 5 leadership essays, aspiring aristocrats of the United States are appointing their children to positions in government and in the archipelago of think tanks that promote conservative theories.

Conservatism in every place and time is founded on deception. The deceptions of conservatism today are especially sophisticated, simply because culture today is sufficiently democratic that the myths of earlier times will no longer suffice. Before analyzing current-day conservatism's machinery of deception, let us outline the main arguments of conservatism. Although these arguments have changed little through history, they might seem unfamiliar to many people today, indeed even to people who claim to be conservatives. That unfamiliarity is a very recent phenomenon. Yet it is only through the classical arguments and their fallacies that we can begin to analyze how conservatism operates now. According to the first type of argument, found for example in Burke, social institutions are a kind of sara gragg, capital. A properly ordered society will be blessed with large quantities of this capital. Level Essays! This capital has very particular properties. It is a sprawling tangle of social arrangements and patterns of thought, passed down through generations as part of the culture.

It is essays on mayan generally tacit in nature and cannot be rationally analyzed. It is and management fragile and must be conserved, because a society that lacks it will collapse into anarchy and tyranny. Innovation is speech services bad, therefore, and prejudice is and management essays good. Although the institutions can tolerate incremental reforms around the edges, systematic questioning is a threat to social order. In particular, rational thought is evil.

Nothing can be worse for the conservative than rational thought, because people who think rationally might decide to try replacing inherited institutions with new ones, something that a conservative regards as impossible. This is where the word conservative comes from: the supposed importance of conserving established institutions. This argument is good phrases not wholly false. Institutions are in fact sprawling tangles of level 5 leadership essays, social arrangements and sara gragg thesis patterns of thought, passed down through generations as part of the culture. And people who think they can reengineer the whole of human society overnight are generally mistaken. The people of ancien regime France were oppressed by level and management the conservative order of their time, but indeed their revolution did not work, and would probably not have worked even if conservatives from elsewhere were not militarily attacking them. After all, the conservative order had gone to insane lengths to deprive them of the education, practical experience, and patterns of thought that would be required to operate a democracy. They could not invent those things overnight. Even so, the argument about thesis conserving institutions is mostly untrue. Most institutions are less fragile and more dynamic than conservatives claim. Large amounts of level essays, institutional innovation happen in every generation.

If people lack a rational analysis of institutions, that is mostly a product of services, conservatism rather than an argument for level 5 leadership and management essays, it. Gragg! And although conservatism has historically claimed to and management essays conserve institutions, history makes clear that conservatism is only interested in a level coursework, conserving particular kinds of institutions: the 5 leadership, institutions that reinforce conservative power. Conservatism rarely tries to conserve institutions such as Social Security and welfare that decrease the common people's dependency on the aristocracy and wedding speech writing the social authorities that serve it. To the contrary, they represent those institutions in various twisted ways as dangerous to to the social order generally or to their beneficiaries in level, particular. The opposite of conservatism is democracy, and contempt for democracy is a constant thread in the history of conservative argument. Instead, conservatism has argued that society ought to be organized in a hierarchy of orders and classes and controlled by its uppermost hierarchical stratum, the aristocracy. Many of these arguments against egalitarianism are ancient, and most of them are routinely heard on the radio. One tends to hear the arguments in wedding writing, bits and pieces, for example the emphatic if vague claim that people are different. Of course, most of these arguments, if considered rationally, actually argue for meritocracy rather than for aristocracy.

Meritocracy is a democratic principle. George Bush, however, was apparently scarred for life by having been one of the last students admitted to Yale under its old aristocratic admissions system, and having to attend classes with students admitted under the meritocratic system who considered themselves to be smarter than him. Although he has lately claimed to oppose the system of legacy admissions from which he benefitted, that is a tactic, part of a package deal to eliminate affirmative action, thereby allowing conservative social hierarchies to be reaffirmed in level 5 leadership, other ways. American culture still being comparatively healthy, overt arguments for wedding writing, aristocracy (for example, that the children of aristocrats learn by osmosis the profound arts of essays, government and thereby acquire a wisdom that mere experts cannot match) are still relatively unusual. English Literature A Level Coursework Introduction! Instead, conservatism must proceed through complicated indirection, and the next few sections of this article will explain in level and management essays, some detail how this works. Thesis! The issue is not that rich people are bad, or that hierarchical types of organization have no place in a democracy. Nor are the descendents of aristocrats necessarily bad people if they do not try to perpetuate conservative types of domination over society. 5 Leadership And Management Essays! The issue is both narrow and introduction enormous: no aristocracy should be allowed to trick the rest of society into deferring to it. But isn't conservatism about freedom?

Of course everyone wants freedom, and so conservatism has no choice but to promise freedom to its subjects. In reality conservatism has meant complicated things by freedom, and the reality of level and management, conservatism in practice has scarcely corresponded even to literature a level introduction the contorted definitions in conservative texts. To start with, conservatism constantly shifts in its degree of level, authoritarianism. Conservative rhetors, in speech, the Wall Street Journal for example, have no difficulty claiming to be the party of freedom in one breath and attacking civil liberties in the next. The real situation with conservatism and freedom is best understood in historical context. Conservatism constantly changes, always adapting itself to provide the minimum amount of freedom that is required to hold together a dominant coalition in the society. In Burke's day, for example, this meant an alliance between traditional social authorities and the rising business class.

Although the business class has always defined its agenda in terms of 5 leadership and management essays, something it calls freedom, in reality conservatism from the 18th century onward has simply implied a shift from one kind of wedding speech services, government intervention in the economy to another, quite different kind, together with a continuation of medieval models of cultural domination. This is a central conservative argument: freedom is impossible unless the and management, common people internalize aristocratic domination. Indeed, many conservative theorists to the present day have argued that freedom is not possible at all. English Literature! Without the internalized domination of conservatism, it is 5 leadership argued, social order would require the external domination of state terror. In a sense this argument is german phrases correct: historically conservatives have routinely resorted to terror when internalized domination has not worked. Level Essays! What is unthinkable by design here is the possibility that people might organize their lives in essays on mayan civilization, a democratic fashion. This alliance between traditional social authorities and the business class is artificial.

The market continually undermines the institutions of cultural domination. It does this partly through its constant revolutionizing of institutions generally and partly by encouraging a culture of entrepreneurial initiative. As a result, the alliance must be continually reinvented, all the while pretending that its reinventions simply reinstate an 5 leadership and management eternal order. Conservatism promotes (and so does liberalism, misguidedly) the idea that liberalism is about activist government where conservatism is not. This is absurd. It is unrelated to the history of english literature a level coursework, conservative government. Conservatism promotes activist government that acts in the interests of the aristocracy. This has been true for thousands of years. What is distinctive about liberalism is not that it promotes activist government but that it promotes government that acts in the interests of the level essays, majority. Democratic government, however, is not simply majoritarian.

It is, rather, one institutional expression of a democratic type of culture that is still very much in the process of being invented. //2 How Conservatism Works. Conservative social orders have often described themselves as civilized, and so one reads in essay writing rubric, the Wall Street Journal that the level essays, enemies of civilization hate bow ties. But what conservatism calls civilization is little but the domination of an essays on mayan civilization aristocracy. Every aspect of social life is subordinated to this goal. That is 5 leadership not civilization. The reality is quite the opposite. Essay Lever! To impose its order on society, conservatism must destroy civilization. In particular conservatism must destroy conscience, democracy, reason, and language. * The Destruction of Conscience. Liberalism is a movement of conscience.

Liberals speak endlessly of conscience. Yet conservative rhetors have taken to acting as if they owned the language of conscience. Level And Management! They even routinely assert that liberals disparage conscience. The magnitude of the falsehood here is so great that decent people have been set back on their heels. Conservatism continually twists the language of conscience into its opposite. It has no choice: conservatism is unjust, and cannot survive except by pretending to be the opposite of what it is. Conservative arguments are often arbitrary in nature. Consider, for example, the controversy over Elian Gonzalez. Conservatism claims that the universe is ordered by absolutes.

This would certainly make life easier if it was true. The difficulty is that the absolutes constantly conflict with one another. When the gragg, absolutes do not conflict, there is 5 leadership and management rarely any controversy. But when absolutes do conflict, conservatism is forced into sophistry. In the case of Elian Gonzalez, two absolutes conflicted: keeping families together and not making people return to tyrannies. In a democratic society, the decision would be made through rational debate. Introduction! Conservatism, however, required picking one of the two absolutes arbitrarily (based perhaps on tactical politics in Florida) and simply accusing anyone who disagreed of level and management, flouting absolutes and thereby nihilistically denying the civilization, fundamental order of the level 5 leadership essays, universe. This happens every day.

Arbitrariness replaces reason with authority. Writing! When arbitrariness becomes established in the culture, democracy decays and it becomes possible for aristocracies to dominate people's minds. Another example of conservative twisting of the language of conscience is the argument, in the context of the attacks of 9/11 and the war in Iraq, that holding our side to things like the Geneva Convention implies an equivalence between ourselves and our enemies. This is level 5 leadership a logical fallacy. Essay Rubric! The fallacy is something like: they kill so they are bad, but we are good so it is level 5 leadership okay for us to kill. The argument that everything we do is essays on mayan civilization okay so long as it is not as bad as the most extreme evil in the world is a rejection of nearly all of civilization. It is 5 leadership and management precisely the destruction of conscience. Or take the notion of political correctness. It is true that movements of conscience have piled demands onto people faster than the culture can absorb them. That is an phrases unfortunate side-effect of social progress.

Conservatism, however, twists language to make the inconvenience of conscience sound like a kind of oppression. 5 Leadership Essays! The campaign against political correctness is thus a search-and-destroy campaign against all vestiges of conscience in society. The flamboyant nastiness of rhetors such as Rush Limbaugh and Ann Coulter represents the destruction of conscience as a type of liberation. They are like cultists, continually egging on their audiences to destroy their own minds by punching through one layer after another of their consciences. Once I wrote on the Internet that bears in zoos are miserable and should be let go. In response to this, I received an e-mail viciously mocking me as an animal rights wacko.

This is an essay example of the 5 leadership and management essays, destruction of conscience. Any human being with a halfways functioning conscience will be capable of rationally debating the notion that unhappy bears in zoos should be let go. Of course, rational people might have other opinions. They might claim that the bears are not actually miserable, or that they would be just as miserable in the forest. Conservatism, though, has stereotyped concern for animals by associating it with its most extreme fringe. Action Lever! This sort of mockery of conscience has become systematic and commonplace. * The Destruction of Democracy. For thousands of years, conservatism was universally understood as being in opposition to level 5 leadership and management essays democracy.

Having lost much of its ability to attack democracy openly, conservatism has tried in recent years to redefine the word democracy while engaging in deception to make the substance of democracy unthinkable. Conservative rhetors, for example, have been using the word government in a way that does not distinguish between legitimate democracy and totalitarianism. Then there is the notion that politicians who offer health care reforms, for example, are claiming to be better people than the rest of us. This is a particularly toxic distortion. Offering reforms is a basic part of democracy, something that every citizen can do.

Even more toxic is the notion that those who criticize the president are claiming to be better people than he is. This is wedding speech authoritarianism. Some conservative rhetors have taken to literally demonizing the very notion of a democratic opposition. Rush Limbaugh has argued at 5 leadership essays length that Tom Daschle resembles Satan simply because he opposes George Bush's policies. Ever since then, Limbaugh has regularly identified Daschle as el diablo. This is the essays civilization, emotional heart of conservatism: the notion that the conservative order is ordained by God and that anyone and anything that opposes the level, conservative order is infinitely evil. * The Destruction of Reason. Conservatism has opposed rational thought for thousands of years. On Mayan! What most people know nowadays as conservatism is basically a public relations campaign aimed at persuading them to lay down their capacity for rational thought.

Conservatism frequently attempts to destroy rational thought, for example, by using language in ways that stand just out of reach of rational debate or rebuttal. Conservatism has used a wide variety of methods to destroy reason throughout history. Fortunately, many of these methods, such as the level 5 leadership essays, suppression of popular literacy, are incompatible with a modern economy. Thesis! Once the common people started becoming educated, more sophisticated methods of domination were required. 5 Leadership! Thus the invention of public relations, which is a kind of rationalized irrationality.

The great innovation of conservatism in recent decades has been the systematic reinvention of politics using the technology of public relations. The main idea of public relations is the distinction between messages and facts. Messages are the things you want people to believe. A message should be vague enough that it is english literature a level coursework difficult to refute by rational means. Level And Management Essays! (People in politics refer to messages as strategies and people who devise strategies as strategists. The Democrats have strategists too, and it is not at on mayan civilization all clear that they should, but they scarcely compare with the vast public relations machinery of the level 5 leadership, right.) It is useful to literature a level coursework think of each message as a kind of pipeline: a steady stream of facts is selected (or twisted, or fabricated) to fit the message. Contrary facts are of course ignored. The goal is what the professionals call message repetition. This provides activists with something to do: come up with new facts to fit the conservative authorities' chosen messages. Having become established in this way, messages must also be continually intertwined with one another. This is one job of level 5 leadership and management essays, pundits.

To the public relations mind, the public sphere is a game in which the opposition tries to knock you off your message. Essays! Take the example of one successful message, Gore's lies. The purpose of the essays, game was to return any interaction to wedding speech services the message, namely that Gore lies. So if it is noted that the supposed examples of Gore lying (e.g., his perfectly true claim to have done onerous farm chores) were themselves untrue, common responses would include, that doesn't matter, what matters is Gore's lies, or the reasons people believe them is because of and management, Gore's lies, or yes perhaps, but there are so many other examples of Gore's lies, or you're just trying to change the subject away from Gore's lies, and rubric so on. Many of these messages have become institutions. Whole organizations exist to provide a pipeline of facts that underwrite the message of liberal media bias. These facts fall into numerous categories and exemplify a wide range of fallacies. Some are just factually untrue, e.g., claims that the essays, New York Times has failed to wedding cover an event that it actually covered in detail. Other claimed examples of bias are non sequiturs, e.g., quotations from liberal columns that appear on the opinion pages, or quotations from liberals in news articles that also provided balancing quotes from conservatives. Others are illogical, e.g., media that report news events that represent bad news for the president. The methods of identifying bias are thus highly elastic.

In practice, everything in the media on political topics that diverges from conservative public relations messages is contended to be an example of liberal bias. The goal, clearly, is to purge the media of everything except conservatism. The word inaccurate has become something of a technical term in the political use of public relations. It means differs from our message. Public relations aims to break down reason and replace it with mental associations.

One tries to associate us with good things and them with bad things. Thus, for example, the famous memo from Newt Gingrich's (then) organization GOPAC entitled Language: A Key Mechanism of 5 leadership, Control. Wedding Speech! It advised Republican candidates to associate themselves with words like building, dream, freedom, learn, light, preserve, success, and truth while associating opponents with words like bizarre, decay, ideological, lie, machine, pathetic, and traitors. The issue here is not whether these words are used at all; of course there do exist individual liberals that could be described using any of these words. The issue, rather, is a kind of level essays, cognitive surgery: systematically creating and destroying mental associations with little regard for truth. Note, in lever liberty, fact, that truth is one of the words that Gingrich advised appropriating in this fashion.

Someone who thinks this way cannot even conceptualize truth. Conservative strategists construct their messages in a variety of more or less stereotyped ways. One of the most important patterns of conservative message-making is level essays projection. College Writing Rubric! Projection is a psychological notion; it roughly means attacking someone by falsely claiming that they are attacking you. Conservative strategists engage in projection constantly. A commonplace example would be taking something from level 5 leadership and management someone by claiming that they are in fact taking it from you. Or, having heard a careful and detailed refutation of essays on mayan, something he has said, the projector might snap, you should not dismiss what I have said so quickly!.

It is a false claim -- what he said was not dismissed -- that is an example of itself -- he is dismissing what his opponent has said. Projection was an important part of the Florida election controversy, for 5 leadership, example when Republicans tried to get illegal ballots counted and essays civilization prevent legal ballots from being counted, while claiming that Democrats were trying to steal the election. * The Destruction of Language. Reason occurs mostly through the medium of language, and so the destruction of 5 leadership, reason requires the destruction of language. An underlying notion of conservative politics is that words and phrases of language are like territory in warfare: owned and controlled by one side or the other. One of the lever, central goals of conservatism, as for example with Newt Gingrich's lists of words, is to take control of every word and phrase in the English language.

George Bush, likewise, owes his election in great measure to a new language that his people engineered for him. His favorite word, for example, is heart. This type of linguistic engineering is level essays highly evolved in the business milieu from which conservative public relations derives, and it is the day-to-day work of countless conservative think tanks. Bush's people, and the concentric circles of punditry around them, are worlds away from John Kerry deciding on essays on mayan, a moment's notice that he is 5 leadership going to start the word values. They do not use a word unless they have an integrated communications strategy for essay rubric, taking control of that word throughout the whole of 5 leadership essays, society. Bush's personal vocabulary is only a small part of conservative language warfare as a whole. Since around 1990, conservative rhetors have been systematically turning language into a weapon against liberals. Words are used in twisted and exaggerated ways, or with the opposite of their customary meanings.

This affects the whole of the language. German! The goal of this distorted language is not simply to defeat an enemy but to destroy the minds of the people who believe themselves to be conservatives and who constantly challenge themselves to essays ever greater extremity in using it. A simple example of turning language into a weapon might be the word predictable, which has become a synonym for liberal. Sara Gragg! There is no rational argument in this usage. Every such use of predictable can be refuted simply by substituting the word consistent. It is simply invective.

More importantly, conservative rhetors have been systematically mapping the 5 leadership essays, language that has historically been used to describe the aristocracy and essays civilization the traditional authorities that serve it, and have twisted those words into terms for liberals. This tactic has the dual advantage of both attacking the level 5 leadership, aristocracies' opponents and depriving them of the words that they have used to wedding speech services attack aristocracy. A simple example is the term race-baiting. In the Nexis database, uses of race-baiting undergo a sudden switch in the early 1990's. Before then, race-baiting referred to racists. Afterward, it referred in twisted way to people who oppose racism.

What happened is simple: conservative rhetors, tired of the political advantage that liberals had been getting from their use of that word, took it away from them. A more complicated example is the word racist. Conservative rhetors have tried to take this word away as well by constantly coming up with new ways to stick the word onto liberals and their policies. For example they have referred to affirmative action as racist. This is false; it is an attempt to level 5 leadership destroy language.

Racism is the notion that one race is intrinsically better than another. Affirmative action is arguably discriminatory, as a means of partially offsetting discrimination in other places and times, but it is not racist. Good Phrases For Essays! Many conservative rhetors have even stuck the word racist on people just because they oppose racism. The notion seems to level 5 leadership and management essays be that these people addressed themselves to the topic of race, and the word racist is sort of an adjective relating somehow to race. In any event this too is an attack on language. A recent example is the action essay, word hate. The civil rights movement had used the level, word hate to essay lever refer to terrorism and stereotyping against black people, and during the 1990's some in the press had identified as Clinton-haters people who had made vast numbers of bizarre claims that the Clintons had participated in murder and drug-dealing. Beginning around 2003, conservative rhetors took control of this word as well by labeling a variety of perfectly ordinary types of democratic opposition to level 5 leadership and management essays George Bush as hate. Introduction! In addition, they have constructed a large number of messages of the form liberals hate X (e.g., X=America) and established within their media apparatus a sophistical pipeline of facts to support each one.

This is also an 5 leadership and management example of the systematic breaking of associations. The word partisan entered into its current political circulation in the early 1990's when some liberals identified people like Newt Gingrich as partisan for sara, doing things like the memo on language that I mentioned earlier. To the conservative way of politics, there is nothing either true or false about the liberal claim. It is simply that liberals had taken control of some rhetorical territory: the word partisan. Conservative rhetors then set about taking control of the 5 leadership essays, word themselves. They did this in a way that has become mechanical. They first claimed, falsely, that liberals were identifying as partisan any views other than their own. They thus inflated the word while projecting this inflation onto the liberals and a level coursework introduction disconnecting the word from the particular facts that the liberals had associated with it.

Next, they started using the word partisan in the inflated, dishonest way that they had ascribed to their opponents. This is, very importantly, a way of attacking people simply for having a different opinion. In twisting language this way, conservatives tell themselves that they are simply turning liberal unfairness back against the liberals. This too is projection. Another common theme of conservative strategy is that liberals are themselves an aristocracy. (For those who are really keeping score, the sophisticated version of this is called the new class strategy, the message being that liberals are the American version of the Soviet nomenklatura.) Thus, for example, the constant pelting of liberals as elites, sticking this word and a mass of others semantically related to it onto liberals on every possible occasion. A pipeline of facts has been established to level underwrite this message as well.

Thus, for example, constant false conservative claims that the rich vote Democratic. When Al Franken recently referred to his new radio network as the essays civilization, media elite and proud of it, he demonstrated his oblivion to the workings of the conservative discourse that he claims to contest. Further examples of level 5 leadership, this are endless. When a Republican senator referred to the few liberals, hardly any liberals gave any sign of getting what he meant: as all conservatives got just fine, he was appropriating the phrase the few, referring to the aristocracy as opposed to the many, and sticking this phrase in writing, a false and mechanical way onto liberals. Rush Limbaugh asserts that they [liberals] think they are better than you, this of course being a phrase that had historically been applied (and applied correctly) to the aristocracy. Conservative rhetors constantly make false or exaggerated claims that liberals are engaged in stereotyping -- the 5 leadership and management essays, criticism of stereotyping having been one of history's most important rhetorical devices of english, democrats. And so on. 5 Leadership! The goal here is to make it impossible to criticize aristocracy. For an especially sorry example of this pattern, consider the word hierarchy. Conservatism is a hierarchical social system: a system of ranked orders and classes.

Yet in recent years conservatives have managed to essays civilization stick this word onto liberals, the notion being that government (which liberals supposedly endorse and conservatives supposedly oppose) is hierarchical (whereas corporations, the military, and the church are somehow vaguely not). Liberals are losing because it does not even occur to them to refute this kind of mechanical antireason. It is level 5 leadership and management essays often claimed in the media that snooty elitists on english literature, the coasts refer to states in the middle of the country as flyover country. Yet I, who have lived in liberal areas of the coasts for most of my life, have never once heard this usage. In fact, as far as I can tell, the Nexis database does not contain a single example of 5 leadership, anyone using the phrase flyover country to disparage the non-coastal areas of the United States.

Instead, it contains hundreds of examples of essays on mayan, people disparaging residents of the coasts by claiming that they use the level 5 leadership essays, phrase to describe the interior. The phrase is a special favorite of newspapers in Minneapolis and Denver. This is projection. Likewise, I have never heard the phrase political correctness used except to disparage the people who supposedly use it. Conservative remapping of the language of aristocracy and essay democracy has been incredibly thorough. Consider, for example, the level and management, terms entitlement and coursework introduction dependency. And Management! The term entitlement originally referred to wedding speech aristocrats. Aristocrats had titles, and they thought that they were thereby entitled to various things, particularly the deference of the level essays, common people.

Everyone else, by contrast, was dependent on the aristocrats. This is conservatism. Yet in the 1990's, conservative rhetors decided that the people who actually claim entitlement are people on gragg thesis, welfare. Level! They furthermore created an empirically false association between welfare and dependency. But, as I have mentioned, welfare is precisely a way of speech services, eliminating dependency on essays, the aristocracy and the cultural authorities that serve it. I do not recall anyone ever noting this inversion of meaning.

Conservative strategists have also been remapping the language that has historically been applied to conservative religious authorities, sticking words such as orthodoxy, pious, dogma, and sanctimonious to action lever liberty liberals at every turn. //3 Conservatism in American History. Almost all of the early immigrants to America left behind societies that had been oppressed by conservatism. The democratic culture that Americans have built is truly one of the monuments of civilization. And American culture remains vibrant to this day despite centuries of conservative attack. Yet the level 5 leadership and management essays, history of American democracy has generally been taught in confused ways. Wedding Writing Services! This history might be sketched in 5 leadership and management, terms of the german for essays, great turning points that happened to occur around 1800 and 1900, followed by the great reaction that gathered steam in the decades leading up to 2000. America before the revolution was a conservative society. It lacked an level 5 leadership entitled aristocracy, but it was dominated in college writing, very much the 5 leadership and management essays, same way by its gentry. Americans today have little way of knowing what this meant -- the college essay writing, hierarchical ties of personal dependency that organized people's psychology. We hear some echo of it in the hagiographies of George Bush, which are modeled on the way the gentry represented themselves.

The Founding Fathers, men like Madison, Adams, and Washington, were, in this sense, products of aristocratic society. They did not make a revolution in order to establish democracy. Quite the contrary, they wanted to be aristocrats. They did not succeed. The revolution that they helped set in motion did not simply sweep away the church and crown of England. As scholars such as Gordon Wood have noted, it also swept away the entire social system of the gentry, and it did so with a suddenness and thoroughness that surprised and level 5 leadership and management essays amazed everyone who lived through it.

So completely did Americans repudiate the conservative social system of the wedding writing services, gentry, in level 5 leadership essays, fact, that they felt free to mythologize the on mayan, Founding Fathers, forgetting the Founding Fathers' aristocratic ambitions and pretending that they, too, were revolutionary democrats. This ahistorical practice of projecting all good things onto the Founding Fathers continues to level 5 leadership essays the present day, and it is unfortunate because (as Michael Schudson has argued) it makes us forget all of the work that Americans have subsequently done to build the rubric, democratic institutions of level essays, today. Good Phrases For Essays! In reality, Madison, Adams, and Washington were much like Mikhail Gorbachev in the Soviet Union. Like Gorbachev, they tried to reform an oppressive system without fundamentally changing it. And like Gorbachev, they were swept away by the very forces they helped set into motion. The revolution, though, proceeded quite differently in the North and South, and led to a kind of controlled experiment.

The North repudiated conservatism altogether. And Management Essays! Indeed it was the only society in modern history without an aristocracy, and as scholars such as the late Robert Wiebe have noted, its dynamic democratic culture was most extraordinary. It is speech writing unfortunate that we discuss this culture largely through the level 5 leadership, analysis of Alexis de Tocqueville, an aristocrat who wanted to graft medieval notions of social order onto a democratic culture that he found alien. Essays Civilization! In the South, by contrast, the conservative order of the gentry was modified to something more resembling the oppressive latifundist systems of level 5 leadership and management, Latin America, relieved mainly by sara gragg comparatively democratic religious institutions. The Northern United States during the early 19th century was hardly perfect. Left-over conservative hierarchies and patterns of psychology continued to damage people's minds and lives in numerous ways.

But compared to the South, the North was, and and management essays has always been, a more dynamic and successful society. Southern conservatism has had to modify its strategies in recent decades, but its grip on wedding speech, the culture is tragically as strong as ever. Something more complicated happened around 1900. Railroads, the telegraph, and mass production made for massive new economies of scale, whereupon the invention of the corporation gave a new generation of would-be aristocrats new ways to reinvent themselves. The complicated institutional and ideological events of this era can be understood in 5 leadership essays, microcosm through the subsequent history of the word liberal, which forked into two quite different meanings. The word liberal had originally been part of an intramural dispute within the conservative alliance between the aristocracy and the rising business class. Their compromise, as I have noted, is that the aristocracy would maintain its social control for the benefit of both groups mainly through psychological means rather than through terror, and that economic regulation would henceforth be designed to benefit the action essay liberty, business class. And both of these conditions would perversely be called freedom. The word liberal thus took its modern meaning in and management essays, a struggle against the aristocracy's control of the state.

Around 1900, however, the corporation emerged in a society in which democracy was relatively strong and the aristocracy was relatively weak. Antitrust and many other types of state regulation were not part of traditional aristocratic control, but were part of democracy. And this is why the word liberal forked. Democrats continued using the literature, word in its original sense, to signify the struggle against aristocracy, in this case the new aristocracy of corporate power. Business interests, however, reinvented the word to signify a struggle against something conceptualized very abstractly as government. Level And Management Essays! In reality the new business meaning of the word, as worked out in detail by people like Hayek, went in an opposite direction from its original meaning: a struggle against the people, rather than against the aristocracy. At the speech writing services, same time as the corporation provided the occasion for the founding of a new aristocracy, however, a new middle class founded a large number of professions. The relationship between the professional middle class and the aristocracy has been complicated throughout the 20th century. But whereas the goal of conservatism throughout history has primarily been to suppress the mob of common people, the conservatism of the late 20th century was especially vituperative in its campaigns against the relatively autonomous democratic cultures of the professions. One of the professions founded around 1900 was public relations. Early public relations texts were quite openly conservative, and public relations practitioners openly affirmed that their profession existed to manipulate the common people psychologically in order to ensure the and management essays, domination of action liberty, society by a narrow elite.

Squeamishness on this matter is a recent phenomenon indeed. The modern history of 5 leadership, conservatism begins around 1975, as corporate interests began to react to the democratic culture of the sixties. This reaction can be traced in the public relations textbooks of the time. Elaborate new methods of english a level coursework introduction, public relations tried to level 5 leadership essays prevent, coopt, and essays on mayan defeat democratic initiatives throughout the society. A new subfield of public relations, issues management, was founded at this time to deal strategically with political issues throughout their entire life cycle. One of the few political theories that has made note of the level 5 leadership, large-scale institutionalization of public relations is the early work of Jurgen Habermas. Even more important was the invention of the think tank, and literature a level coursework especially the systematic application of public relations to level and management politics by the most important of the conservative think tanks, the Heritage Foundation.

The Heritage Foundation's methods of issues management have had a fantastically corrosive effect on democracy. The great innovation of Ronald Reagan and the political strategists who worked with him was to submerge conservatism's historically overt contempt for the common people. Sara Gragg! The contrast between Reagan's language and that of conservatives even a decade or two earlier is most striking. Jacques Barzun's The House of Intellect (1959), for example, fairly bristles with contempt for demotic culture, the notion being that modern history is the level 5 leadership and management, inexorable erosion of aristocratic civilization by democracy. On a political level, Reagan's strategy was to speech services place wedges into level, the many divides in lever liberty, that era's popular democracy, including both the avoidable divides that the counterculture had opened up and the divides that had long been inherent in level 5 leadership essays, conservatism's hierarchical order. Reagan created a mythical working class whose values he conflated with those of the conservative order, and wedding he opposed this to 5 leadership an equally mythical professional class of literature a level coursework introduction, liberal wreckers. Democratic culture in and management, the sixties had something of a workable theory of conservatism -- one that has largely been lost. But it was not enough of a theory to explain to working people why they are on the same side as hippies and gays. Although crude by comparison with conservative discourse only twenty years later, Reagan's strategy identified this difficulty with some precision.

People like Ella Baker had explained the psychology of conservatism -- the internalized deference that makes a conservative order possible. But the new psychology of democracy does not happen overnight, and it did not become general in the culture. In the 1990's, American conservatism institutionalized public relations methods of politics on a large scale, and it used these methods in a savage campaign of sara, delegitimizing democratic institutions. In particular, a new generation of highly trained conservative strategists evolved, on the foundation of classical public relations methods, a sophisticated practice of real-time politics that integrated ideology and tactics on a year-to-year, news-cycle-to-news-cycle, and often hour-to-hour basis. This practice employs advanced models of the dynamics of political issues so as to launch waves of precisely designed communications in countless well-analyzed loci throughout the society.

For contemporary conservatism, a political issue -- a war, for example -- is a consumer product to be researched and rolled out in a planned way with continuous empirical feedback from polling. So far as citizens can tell, such issues seem to materialize everywhere at once, swarming the level 5 leadership and management, culture with so many interrelated formulations that it becomes impossible to think, much less launch an effective rebuttal. Such a campaign is successful if it occupies precisely the ideological ground that can be occupied at a given moment, and it includes quite overt plans for holding that ground through the construction of a pipeline of facts and intertwining with other, subsequent issues. Gragg Thesis! Although in one sense this machinery has a profound kinship with the priesthoods of and management, ancient Egypt, in wedding speech writing, another sense its radicalism -- its inhuman thoroughness -- has no precedent in history. Liberals have nothing remotely comparable. //4 The Discovery of Democracy. Humanity has struggled for level essays, thousands of years to emerge from the darkness of conservatism. At every step of the way, conservatism has always had the advantage of a long historical learning curve. There have always been experts in the running of conservative society. Most of the stupid mistakes have been made and forgotten centuries ago. Conservatives have always had the leisure to write careful books justifying their rule.

Democracy, by contrast, is services still very much in an experimental phase. And so, for example, the level essays, 1960's were one of the college rubric, great episodes of civilization in human history, and they were also a time when people did a lot of stupid things like take drugs. The history of and management essays, democracy has scarcely been written. Of what has been written, the great majority of democratic theory is based on the ancient Greek model of deliberative democracy. Sara Thesis! Much has been written about the Greeks' limitation of citizenship to perhaps 10% of the population.

But this is not the essays, reason why the Greek model is inapplicable to the modern world. The real reason is that Greek democracy was emphatically predicated on a small city-state of essays, a few thousand people, whereas modern societies have populations in the tens and hundreds of millions. The obvious adaptation to the difficulties of scale has been representation. But as a democratic institution representation has always been ambiguous. For conservatism, representation is a means of reifying social hierarchies. The Founding Fathers thought of level, themselves as innovators and modernizers, and wedding writing services the myth-making tradition has thoughtlessly agreed with them. But in and management essays, reality the US Constitution, as much as the British system it supposedly replaced, is speech little more than the Aristotelian tripartite model of king, aristocracy, and gentry (supposedly representing the commons), reformed to some degree as President, Senate, and House. Many people have noted that George Bush is consolidating executive power in a kind of elective kingship, but they have done little to place the various elements of Bush's authoritarian institution-molding into 5 leadership essays, historical context. In theoretical terms, though, it has been clear enough that representative democracy provides no satisfactory account of citizenship. German Phrases! Surely a genuine democracy would replace the level and management, Aristotelian model?

Fortunately, there is little need to replace the Constitution beyond adding a right to privacy. German For Essays! After all, as historians have noted, Americans almost immediately started using the Constitution in a considerably different way than the level essays, Founders intended -- in a democratic fashion, simply put, and wedding writing not an aristocratic one. Level 5 Leadership And Management! The president who claims to be a uniter not a divider is gragg thesis hearkening back to the myth-making of a would-be aristocracy that claims to be impartial and to stand above controversy while systematically using the machinery of government to crush its opponents. But his is not the winning side. Not that democracy is a done deal. One recent discovery is that democracy does not mean that everyone participates in everything that affects them. Every citizen of a modern society participates in hundreds of institutions, and it is impossible to be fully informed about all of them, much less sit through endless meetings relating to all of them. There are too many issues for everyone to be an expert on everything.

It follows that citizens in 5 leadership and management essays, a large modern polity specialize in sara gragg thesis, particular issues. In fact this kind of issue entrepreneurship is not restricted to level essays politics. It is central to the making of careers in literature coursework introduction, nearly every institution of society. Conservatism claims to own the theme of entrepreneurship, but then conservatism claims to own every theme. In reality, entrepreneurship on the part of the common people is and management essays antithetical to conservatism, and conservatism has learned and taught little about the skills of entrepreneurship, most particularly the entrepreneurial cognition that identifies opportunities for various sorts of useful careers, whether civic, intellectual, professional, or economic. Entrepreneurship is not just for economic elites, and in fact never has been. One part of democracy, contrary to much socialist teaching, is the democratization of goods and skills, entrepreneurial skills for college essay writing rubric, example, that had formerly been associated with the elite. American society has diverged dramatically from that of level 5 leadership, Europe largely because of the democratization of entrepreneurship, and that trend should continue with the writing down and teaching of generalized entrepreneurial skills. The real discovery is that democracy is a particular kind of social organization of action, knowledge -- a sprawling landscape of overlapping knowledge spheres and a creative tension on any given issue between the experts and the laity.

It is not a hierarchical divide between the knowledge-authorities in the professions and a deferential citizenry; instead it democratizes the skills of knowledge-making among a citizenry that is plugged together in level essays, ways that increasingly resemble the institutional and cognitive structures of the essay lever, professions. Level And Management Essays! This generalized application of entrepreneurial skills in the context of a knowledge-intensive society -- and german for essays not simply the multiplication of associations that so impressed Tocqueville -- is civil society. The tremendous fashion for civil society as a necessary complement and counterbalance to the state in a democracy, as launched in the 1980's by people like John Keane, has been one of the essays, most hopeful aspects of recent democratic culture. Sara Thesis! Indeed, one measure of the success of the discourse of civil society has been that conservatism has felt the need to destroy it by 5 leadership essays means of distorted theories of civil society that place the populace under the tutelage of the aristocracy and the cultural authorities that serve it. Economics, unfortunately, is still dominated by the ancien regime.

This consists of three schools. Wedding! Neoclassical economics is founded (as Philip Mirowski has argued) on superficial, indeed incoherent analogies to the mathematics of classical mechanics whose main notion is equilibrium. Economies, it is held, are dynamic systems that are constantly moving to an optimal equilibrium, and government intervention will only move the economy to the wrong equilibrium. 5 Leadership Essays! For a long time this theory has dominated academic economics for the simple reason that it provides a simple formula for creating a model of any economic phenomenon. Its great difficulty is that it ignores essentially all issues of information and institutions -- important topics in the context of any modern economy. Austrian economics (associated with Hayek and Mises) began in the context of debates about the wedding writing services, practicability of central planning in socialism; as such, it is organized around an opposition between centralized economies (bad) and decentralized economies (good). Although preferable in some ways to neoclassicism in its emphasis on information and institutions, as well as its rhetorical emphasis on entrepreneurship, it is nonetheless hopelessly simplistic.

It has almost no practitioners in academia for the simple reason that it is nearly useless for analyzing any real phenomena. A third school, a particular kind of game theory based on the work of John Nash, does have elaborate notions about information and at least a sketchy way of modeling institutions, and as a result has established itself as the major academic alternative to neoclassicism. Level And Management! Unfortunately Nash game theory's foundations are no better than those of neoclassicism. Whereas neoclassicism, though ultimately incoherent, is actually a powerful and useful way of thinking about the economy, Nash game theory is based, as Mirowski again has argued, on a disordered model of relationships between people. Liberty! Fortunately it has no particular politics. The state of economics is unfortunate for democracy. Conservatism runs on ideologies that bear only a tangential relationship to reality, but democracy requires universal access to accurate theories about a large number of nontrivial institutions. The socialist notion of economic democracy essentially imports the level essays, Greek deliberative model into the workplace. As such it is wedding services probably useful as a counter to conservative psychologies of internalized deference that crush people's minds and 5 leadership and management essays prevent useful work from being done. Good German! It is, however, not remotely adequate to the reality of an interconnected modern economy, in which the workplace is hardly a natural unit. A better starting place is with analysis of the practical work of producing goods in 5 leadership essays, social systems of actual finite human beings -- that is, with analysis of information and institutions, as for example in german phrases for essays, the singular work of Thorstein Veblen, John Commons, Joseph Schumpeter, Karl Polanyi, John von Neumann, Mark Casson, Joseph Stiglitz, Paul David, Bruno Latour, and Michel Callon.

This work emphasizes knowledge and the very general social conditions that are required to produce and use it. Simply put, knowledge is best produced in a liberal culture. This is level why the most prosperous and innovative regions of the United States are also the most politically liberal, and why the most conservative regions of the country are also the greatest beneficiaries of transfer payments. Liberals create wealth and english literature introduction government redistributes it to conservatives. This is, of course, the opposite and management, of the received conservative opinion in the media, and wedding writing indeed in most of academia. But it is true. Another connection between democracy and a modern economy is the democratic nature of entrepreneurialism. People who reflexively defer to level 5 leadership and management their social betters will never learn the social skills that are needed to phrases found new types of social relationships. This was clear enough in the interregnum in the 19th century between the fall of the American gentry and the rise of the modern corporation. An economy of 5 leadership essays, generalized entrepreneurialism, moreover, requires an elaborate institutional matrix that is part public and part private. As scholars such as Linda Weiss have argued, the conservative spectre of a conflict between government and entrepreneurial activity is unrelated to the reality of entrepreneurship.

To be sure, much has been learned about the kinds of government policies that do and do not lay the foundation for economic dynamism. It is gragg quite correct, for 5 leadership and management, example, that direct price controls in rubric, competitive commodity markets rarely accomplish anything. (Labor markets are a much more complicated case, in very much the level 5 leadership and management, ways that neoclassical economics exists to ignore.) Free trade would also be a good thing if it existed; in practice trade is distorted by action essay lever subsidies and by level 5 leadership uneven regulation of externalities such as pollution, and free trade negotiations are a kind of power politics that differs little from the gunboat diplomacy that opened markets in a one-sided way in former times. The point is scarcely that markets are inherently democratic. The economic properties of infrastructure and knowledge create economies of scale that both produce cheap goods (a democratic effect) and concentrate power (an anti-democratic effect). Conservatives employ the democratic rhetoric of entrepreneurialism to promote the opposite values of corporate centralization. But the literature a level coursework introduction, 19th century's opinions about the political and economic necessity of antitrust are still true. Level 5 Leadership Essays! More importantly, a wide range of action essay liberty, public policies is required to facilitate a democratic economy and the more general democratic values on which it depends.

Lastly, an important innovation of democracy during the sixties was the rights revolution. Rights are democratic because they are limits to arbitrary authority, and people who believe they have rights cannot be subjected to conservatism. Conservative rhetors have attacked the rights revolution in numerous ways as a kind of demotic chatter that contradicts the eternal wisdom of the conservative order. For conservatism, not accepting one's settled place in the traditional hierarchy of orders and classes is a kind of arrogance, and conservative vocabulary is full of phrases such as self-important. Level 5 Leadership And Management! Institutions, for conservatism, are more important than people. For democracy, by contrast, things are more complicated. The rights revolution is hardly perfect. But the writing, main difficulty with it is just that it is not enough.

A society is not founded on rights alone. Democracy requires that people learn and level essays practice a range of nontrivial social skills. But then people are not likely to learn or practice those skills so long as they have internalized a conservative psychology of deference. The rights revolution breaks this cycle. Essay Liberty! For the civil rights movement, for example, learning to read was not simply a means of registering to vote, but was also a means of liberation from the psychology of conservatism. Level And Management! Democratic institutions, as opposed to the inherited mysteries of conservative institutions, are made of the everyday exercise of advanced social skills by people who are liberated in thesis, this sense.

//5 How to Defeat Conservatism. Conservatism is almost gone. People no longer worship the pharaohs. If the gentry were among us today we would have no notion of what they were talking about. Level Essays! For thousands of years, countless people have worked for essays civilization, the values of level 5 leadership essays, democracy in ways large and small. The industrialized vituperations of conservative propaganda measure their success. To defeat conservatism today, the main thing we have to do is to explain what it is and what is wrong with it. This is easy enough. * Rebut conservative arguments.

This is my most important prescription. Liberals win political victories through rational debate. But after a victory is won, liberals tend to drop the issue and move along. As a result, whole generations have grown up without ever hearing the arguments in favor of, for example, Social Security. Instead they have heard massive numbers of conservative arguments against phrases for essays, liberalism, and these arguments have generally gone unrebutted. In order to save civilization, liberals need a new language, one in which it is essays easy to express rebuttals to on mayan the particular crop of conservative arguments of the last few decades. And the way to invent that language is just to start rebutting the arguments, all of them.

This means literally dozens of new arguments each day. Do not assume that rebutting conservative arguments is level 5 leadership and management essays easy, or that a few phrases will suffice. Do not even assume that you know what is essay writing wrong with the conservative arguments that you hear, or even indeed what those arguments are, since they are often complicated and confusing in their internal structure. Do not just repeat a stock response that worked for some previous generation of liberals, because your audience has already heard that response and already knows what the and management, counterargument is. Conservative rhetors have invested tremendous effort in working around liberals' existing language.

In the old days, racists were racists and action essay lever polluters were polluters. But those old labels do not win arguments any more. Liberals must now provide new answers in plain language to the questions that ordinary citizens, having heard the arguments of conservatism, now have. Do environmental regulations work? Why do we protect the civil liberties of and management, terrorists? Are liberals anti-American? What do we need government for anyway? * Benchmark the Wall Street Journal.

The Wall Street Journal's opinion page is the most important conservative publication, and it is often described as a bulletin board for the conservatism. A better metaphor, however, would be a war room. Day by day, the Wall Street Journal's editors detect liberal arguments coming over the horizon, and immediately they gather up and distribute the arguments that conservatives will need to rebut them. Since the retirement of german phrases for essays, its late editor Robert Bartley, the Journal's opinion page has become more sophisticated. The crude lies and belligerent irrationality of the Bartley era have not disappeared, but they have certainly been attenuated. Daniel Henninger in particular does something interesting with clouds of associations that are subrational but not quite fallacious.

Liberals should not imitate the antireason of the Journal or other distribution channels of conservative opinion. Instead, as part of the hard work of inventing democracy, it will be necessary to tell the difference between methods that liberals ought to level and management be applying in their own work, such as the day-to-day rebuttal of arguments, and methods that liberals need to analyze and place in the same category as the priesthood of german phrases, Egypt. * Build a better pundit. Political pundits in and management, the media today are overwhelmingly conservative, and the few liberal pundits are overwhelmingly journalists rather than ideologists. It is difficult to identify a single pundit in the media who consistently explicates liberal ideology. It is time to essay liberty build a democratic punditry. To start with, everyone in a modern democracy ought to receive practical instruction in the communication genres of the mass media. There is no reason why every student cannot learn to write a clear 700-word op-ed column that traces an arc from a news hook to some ideology to a new and useful argument that wins elections.

A society in which the average citizen writes an occasional op-ed column would certainly be a step toward democracy. But even if the level essays, skills of punditry are widespread, there is no substitute for professional pundits who can make brand names of themselves in the media, and talented people will not make careers out of good, democratic punditry until they are reasonably assured of being able to make money at 5 leadership and management it. This is english a level coursework introduction where think tanks and their philanthropic funders come in. Universities do not substitute for think tanks, because research is quite a different activity from punditry. 5 Leadership And Management! Simply put, professional pundits need a wide variety of fallback options between media gigs. Conservative pundits grow fat on their own think tanks, and liberals need their own war rooms of democratic reason. * Say something new. Conservative rhetors win audiences largely because the things they are saying seem new. People who read them or listen to essays civilization them continually get the impression that they are being informed. If news and opinion editors seem biased against liberals, one reason is simply that liberals are not delivering the goods.

Whenever you get ready to express a political opinion in the media, first ask whether you have ever heard that opinion in the media before (as opposed, for example, to scholarly works). If so, figure out what the counterarguments are -- because there will be counterarguments -- and then proceed to base your column on the counterarguments to that. Get ahead of the curve. Democracy requires that the great majority of citizens be capable of logical thought. The West, starting with the Greeks, has always taught logic in a narrow way. Logic does include the syllogism, but it also includes a great deal of savoir faire about what constitutes a good argument, a good counterargument, and a good counterargument to level that. In particular, the citizen must have a kind of english introduction, map of the arguments.

A caller to Rush Limbaugh said that liberals can't do the arguments, and he was right. Existing curricula on critical thinking are unfortunately very weak. They should be founded on close analysis of actual irrationality. Many on the left unfortunately abandon reason because they believe that the actual basis of level 5 leadership and management essays, politics is good german something they call power. People like this have no notion of level essays, what power is.

For example, they will argue that reason is useless because the powers that be will not listen to reason. Gragg! This is confusion. The purpose of level 5 leadership, reason is not to petition the authorities but to help other citizens to cut through the darkness of conservative deception. Others on the left believe that reason is the property of the elite. This is true historically, but that is simply because the essence of conservatism is to deprive the common people of the essay writing rubric, capacity to engage in democracy. Many bad theories of level 5 leadership and management, democracy actually reinforce conservatism, and this is one of them. Similarly, others on the left argue that requiring politics to be based on reason tilts the action essay liberty, playing field in favor of the elite. This is essays historically true as well, and politics based on money does the gragg, same thing. But that is reality. The fact, again, is level 5 leadership and management that democracy needs the citizenry to be educated, and the skills of reason are the foundation of democratic education. Democracy cannot be established in any other way.

Aristocratic rule is not reinforced by the use of reason. College Writing Rubric! The situation is quite the reverse: in order to fight off democratic values, conservatism must simulate reason, and pretend that conservative deception is itself reason when it is not. Many conservative pundits, George Will and Thomas Sowell for example, make their living saying illogical things in a reasonable tone of level and management essays, voice. Democracy will be impossible until the great majority of wedding writing, citizens can identify in reasonable detail just how this trick works. * Conservatism is the problem.

Contemporary conservatism's discourse is engineered with tremendous sophistication to get past the specific arguments that liberals know how to make. Conservative strategists, moreover, are willing to essays achieve their goals incrementally, depending on college essay, the arguments that liberals are capable of level 5 leadership and management essays, making at a given moment. Of course it is gragg important for liberals to make the arguments against and management, each increment. But it is more important to explain what conservatism is in general, and then to explain what is lever liberty wrong with it. For example, I once heard Rush Limbaugh discussing with a listener how school vouchers were just a conservative tactic, and how conservatives' real goal was to eliminate public funding for education altogether. This is the level 5 leadership, sort of thing that loses elections, and yet I have never heard a liberal pundit discuss it. The extreme nature of conservatism -- not just the essay, extremity of its rhetoric but the oppressiveness of its prescriptions for society -- is clear enough in the conservatives' own literature, but American culture no longer has the categories to identify what it is. Indeed, one can hear fascism, never mind conservatism, on the radio any day of the week.

But Americans have mostly forgotten what fascism even is, so that they can listen to fascist rhetoric and it will actually sound kind of fresh. * Critically analyze leftover conservative theories. Liberal ideology is in disarray. After all, conservative ideology has dominated human thought for thousands of 5 leadership and management essays, years, and it takes concentrated effort to liberate oneself from it. Such intellectual liberation will never happen without a detailed history of conservative theories -- which is to say, the ways in which these theories have been designed to speech services subordinate people's minds to a hierarchical social order dominated by an aristocracy. Lacking such a history, liberal ideology draws in random and confused ways on conservatism, giving it a sentimental update without particularly changing it. Or else liberalism spins out into and management essays, something wishfully called radicalism, which at best inverts conservatism into something that does not work as well and good does not liberate anyone either.

A genuine tradition of 5 leadership and management, liberatory social thought does indeed exist, but it must be disentangled from its opposite. As an example, let us consider the notion of social capital, which has been fashionable among both conservatives and liberals for some time now. The conservative version of the social capital is a medieval ideology that justifies the college writing, hierarchical conservative order in terms of the values of community. This medieval notion of community is 5 leadership and management essays particularistic in nature: everyone in a community is knitted to everyone else through a system of roles and relationships into which they are born, and which they supposedly accept and love. This network of relationships is made to sound harmonious, and objections to it are made to sound divisive, by neglecting to mention the oppression of the on mayan civilization, life-long hierarchical bonds that make it up.

This is the kind of society whose passing Tocqueville lamented, and that is at the core of modern conservatism in authors such as Robert Nisbet. For Nisbet, modernity could only be understood in a negative way as an erosion of the particular types of community and 5 leadership and management order that traditional institutions provided. This is what many conservatives mean when they value social capital, regret its decline, and urge its revival. This notion of social capital should be contrasted, for example, with Ernest Gellner's notion of the modern democratic citizen as modular, that is, as capable of moving about on mayan civilization within the society, building and rebuilding relationships and associations of essays, diverse sorts, because of action lever, a set of social skills and social institutions that facilitate a generalized, dynamic mobility. Level 5 Leadership Essays! The modular citizen gets a place in writing, society not through birth or the bonds of an inherited order but through a gregarious kind of entrepreneurial innovation. The difficulty with too many liberal notions of social capital is that they are oblivious to 5 leadership and management the tension between conservatism and democracy. As a result, they are vague and ambiguous as to the nature of social capital, how it might be measured, and what kinds of institutions might erode or encourage it. For example, a theory of social capital that locates it in plain numbers of social network connections is insufficient because it undervalues social skills and college essay rubric overvalues particularistic forms of community that are not adaptive in a dynamic modern economy. This is how liberals end up quoting Tocqueville and sounding indistinguishable from conservative theorists of intermediary institutions. Social capital is just one example of level and management essays, a general crisis of liberal ideology.

The first step in resolving this crisis to sara gragg thesis get clear about what conservatism is and what is level 5 leadership wrong with it. Post-sixties, many liberals consider themselves to be watered-down Marxists. They subscribe to a left-to-right spectrum model of english introduction, politics in which they, as democrats, are located in some hard-to-identify place sort-of-somewhat-to-the-left-of-center, whereas the Marxists have the high ground of a clear and definite location at level and management essays the end of the spectrum. Good! These liberals would be further out on the left if they could find a politically viable way to level 5 leadership do it. Conservative rhetors concur with this model, and indiscriminately calling liberals communists is back in style. This is all nonsense. Marxism is not located anywhere on college rubric, a spectrum. It is just mistaken. It fails to describe the real world. Attempts to implement it simply created an ugly and shallow imitation of 5 leadership and management, conservatism at its worst.

Democracy is the right way to live, and wedding speech writing services conservatism is the wrong way. Marx was a brilliant analyst for his time. And Management Essays! His analysis of technology's role in the economy was wholly original. He was the writing, first to analyze the and management essays, structural dynamism of a capitalist economy. But his theory of modern society was superficial.

It overgeneralized from the situation of its time: the recent discovery of german phrases, economies of scale, crude market institutions, no modern separation of ownership and control, and a small middle class. Marx followed the political economy of his day in analyzing markets as essentially independent of the state. But this is not remotely the case. One difficulty with Marx, which is the topic of a vast literature, is that his theory requires a periodization of history that does not correspond to historical reality. Capitalism, for example, is supposed to level essays be a discrete totality, but claimed starting dates for action liberty, this totality range across a good four hundred years.

His economistic analysis of society, though indisputably productive in the way that many powerfully wrong ideas are, makes history seem more discontinuous than it is. In fact, the relationship between conservatism and democracy is more or less constant throughout thousands of years of history. One evidence of level, this, for sara gragg, example, is Orlando Patterson's stunning discovery that Western notions of freedom were invented by former slaves in the ancient world and have remained more or less constant ever since. In economic terms, Marx's theory is level 5 leadership and management mistaken because he did not analyze the role the capitalist plays as entrepreneur. The entrepreneur does an important and distinctive type of good german phrases, work in inventing new ways to bring together diverse factors of production. Now in fact the nature of this work has remained largely hidden throughout history for a wide variety of reasons. Because Marx had no notion of it, the capitalist's profit seemed to him simple theft. And Management! It does not follow, though, that entrepreneurs earn all of their money. The theories of on mayan civilization, mainstream economics notwithstanding, serious how-to manuals for entrepreneurs are quite clear that the level 5 leadership and management essays, entrepreneur is good german phrases for essays trying to identify a market failure, because market failures are how you make money.

The relationship between entrepreneurship and the state is much more complicated than economics has even tried to theorize. Capitalists, moreover, are not a class. Particular networks of capitalists and other well-off or otherwise connected personages may well try to constitute themselves as an aristocracy, but this is level 5 leadership a phenomenon with several more dimensions than just economics. Nor is Marxism of services, any use as politics. All that Marx offered to people who worked in deadening factory jobs was that they could take over level and management essays, the factory. While unions and collective bargaining exist in many contexts for good economic reasons, they are an essentially medieval system of negotiations among orders and classes.

They presuppose a generally static economy and society. They are irrelevant to knowledge-intensive forms of work. Nor do they provide any kind of foundation for essays, democratic politics. People want their kids to be professionals, not factory workers, and level 5 leadership and management essays democracy helps people to for essays knit themselves into the complicated set of institutions that enable people to build unique and productive lives. Despite all of the conservative attacks, American English remains a useful language. So use it, and learn to 5 leadership and management say democratic things in action essay liberty, it. There is a style of 5 leadership and management essays, academic theory-talk that claims to be advanced and sophisticated but actually lacks any precision. Privilege, for action liberty, example, is not a verb. If new words are needed and are actually good for analyzing the deception of conservatism or the invention of democracy, go ahead and teach them. Integrate them into the vernacular language.

While you are at it, forget the whole strategy of the counterculture. Be the culture instead. * Stop surrendering powerful words. Many liberals abandon any word that conservatives start using. That means, since conservatives systematically lay claim to every word of the English language, that liberals have been systematically surrendering powerful words such as family, nation, truth, science, tradition, and religion. This has made it increasingly difficult for level and management, liberals to explain what they believe. Sara Gragg Thesis! There is no alternative: if conseratives have been twisting a powerful word, then you have to explain in concise American English what the word really means and level 5 leadership and management how the conservatives have distorted it. Contest the signifiers.

Use the words. * Tipper Gore is right. Snoop Dogg's music really is garbage. Gragg! Some liberals, however, argue that racists hate rap and so therefore any disapproval of rap abets racism. This is bad logic and stupid politics. Level 5 Leadership And Management Essays! If racists hate rap then the logical, rational, politically efficacious thing to do is to say that some rap is good and some rap is bad, and that good rap is an art form like any other, and that the bad rap exists because the people who rap it are bad people. Do not be afraid of losing contact with young people. If all you know about youth culture is Snoop Dogg, then I suppose it is time for some focus groups. Use the focus groups to identify language that Martin Luther King would approve of.

Besides, there is plenty of good politics in mass culture, as cultural studies professors have explained at sara length. Nor should you be afraid of level and management, losing campaign contributions from the entertainment industry. The Hollywood moneybags will keep funding liberal candidates for the simple reason that many conservatives really do support censorship, where liberals do not. That said, there is wedding writing certainly a disconnect between some liberal entertainers and and management essays the liberals who win elections. Some entertainers are willing to get up on stage and embarrass John Kerry.

Scorn them. * Assess the sixties. Make a list of the positive and lasting contributions of the sixties. Americans would benefit from such a list. The spiritual leader of speech writing, modern liberalism, Martin Luther King, taught nonviolence. Level And Management! This has been narrowly construed in terms of lever liberty, not killing people. But, as King made clear, it has other meanings as well. You have to love your enemies. This is and management difficult: the reality of conservatism is so extreme that it is difficult even to discuss without sounding hateful. There is a level introduction also an intellectual dimension to nonviolence. Nonviolence means, among other things, not cooperating in the destruction of conscience and language.

Nonviolence implies reason. Analyze the various would-be aristocracies, therefore, and level 5 leadership and management explain them in plain language, but do not stereotype them. Nonviolence also has an epistemological dimension. Few of us have the german for essays, skill to hate with a clear mind. Conservatism is very complicated, and you cannot defeat it by shouting slogans. This is the difficulty with Michael Moore.

He talks American, which is good. But he is not intellectually nonviolent. Level 5 Leadership And Management Essays! He is not remotely as bad as Ann Coulter, and liberals have criticized him much more thoroughly than conservatives have criticized Ann Coulter. But he is german phrases not a model for and management essays, liberal politics. There is no doubt that Martin Luther King would be in George Bush's face. But how? That is essay lever why liberals need a language. * Tell the taxpayers what they are getting for their money. Civilization requires a substantial number and variety of 5 leadership, public services, which in turn require moderate and reasonable amounts of taxes.

Despite decades of action liberty, conservative rhetoric, a majority of Americans are perfectly happy to and management pay their taxes. Action Essay Liberty! And yet liberals keep letting conservatives clobber them with rhetoric that makes taxes sound like a bad thing. It is time for liberals to stop losing this argument. To start with, do not talk about amounts of money (we should spend $15 billion on health care). Instead, talk about what the money buys (we should provide medical care to 15 million children). And stop letting Bush call his tax policies tax cuts: he is not cutting those taxes; he is just postponing them. * Make government work better for small business. The market continually undermines both conservatism and democracy. Essays! Both systems must continually improvise to accommodate it. The difference is german that conservatism pretends to be a timeless order whereas democracy is all about experiment, innovation, and entrepreneurial culture. 5 Leadership! Conservatives have historically tried to include entrepreneurs in their coalition, even though conservatism is almost the opposite of the cultural conditions of a modern economy.

A certain amount of tension between democracy and the market is indeed irreducible. But a great deal has been learned about markets and civilization their relationship to government, and the democratic culture of innovation can reduce the unnecessary tensions between small business and government while providing for social values such as urban design, consumer information, and the environment. An excellent example of this is duplicative paperwork. Small business people must often fill out dozens of forms for various government bureaucracies. This is 5 leadership and management a significant expense. Literature Coursework! These forms should be combined and given a clean and 5 leadership essays unified interface. The bureaucracies, however, each analyze things in their own incompatible ways, and so the forms cannot simply be merged. Liberty! Like much of level essays, democracy, this is an interesting design matter. * Clone George Soros.

George Soros is an excellent citizen. Conservatism has gotten so out of sync with the conditions of a modern economy that significant numbers of wealthy people, especially young entrepreneurs who live and breathe the liberal culture that makes successes like theirs possible, would be happy to help build the institutions that a democratic society needs. Sara! What is needed right now are institutions that train people to win arguments for democracy in the mass media. Antireason has become thoroughly established in the media, and it will take real work to invent languages of reason that are fresh and cool. And this work just costs money. * Build the Democratic Party. Your model should be Pat Robertson. He is as extreme on the right as anybody in the United States is on the left. Yet his people took over large parts of the Republican Party. They did this in three ways: laboriously designing a mainstream-sounding language, identifying large numbers of talented activists and training them in the day-to-day work of issue and party politics, and building their own communications systems.

Liberals should do the same. Now, many liberals argue that the Democratic Party would magically start winning again if it would only move to the left. Level! This is essay lever lazy nonsense. And Management! The Democratic Party has moved to the right for good phrases, the simple reason that liberals do not have a language that wins elections. To take over the Democratic Party, liberals need to replace the left-wing policies that do not work and, for the policies that do work, get a language that moves 51% of likely voters to vote Democratic. Other liberals argue that the level and management essays, Democratic Party, and the system in general, are irretrievably broken, and good german for essays that they must build a third party, such as the Green Party with its endorsement of level, Ralph Nader. The difficulties with this notion are hard to count. For one, splitting the left is a certain recipe for centuries of aristocratic domination. For another, building a party with only liberty people who share your opinions to the nth degree is a certain recipe for factionalism and isolation.

For another, the Green Party is a chaotic mess that has no serious chance of becoming a mass-based political party. Life under aristocratic domination is horrible. The United States is blessed to have little notion of what this horror is like. Europe, for example, staggered under the weight of its aristocracies for thousands of years. European aristocracies are in decline, and Europe certainly has its democratic heroes and level 5 leadership essays its own dawning varieties of civilized life, and yet the psychology and institutions that the aristocracies left behind continue to make European societies rigid and blunt Europeans' minds with layers of internalized oppression. People come to America to good german for essays get away from all of that. Conservatism is as alien here as it could possibly be. Only through the most comprehensive campaign of level 5 leadership, deception in human history has it managed to establish its very tentative control of the country's major political institutions. Conservatism until very recently was quite open about the fact that it is incompatible with the modern world.

That is action liberty right. The modern world is a good place, and it will win.