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ap essay reader By Kevin McDonald , Special to CNN. Essay Format? Editor’s note: Kevin McDonald teaches AP English Language and Composition at dramatic essay, Edmond Memorial High School in Edmond, OK. Mla Heading? He and his wife, an elementary music teacher, have two daughters who are well on their way to becoming educators themselves. He works as a consultant for uk help the College Board and essay mla heading, also helps with his high school’s marching band program. (CNN) Advanced Placement scores for millions of students are being released to human argumentative essay, schools this week. Format? What most people may not realize is that the free-response sections of these exams are scored by thousands of AP teachers and college faculty. Teachers like me. I just completed my 15th year of teaching, 14th year as an pierre corneille le cid essay AP English language and composition teacher, and 11th year as an AP reader.
This year, 11,000 of my fellow educators and I from across the country and around the world convened to essay format, score more than 3.7 million AP exams in 34 subjects. In my time as an AP reader, I’ve also spent six years as a member of practice sat essays my reading’s leadership team, and I can attest that the reading the annual gathering to score student exams has truly been some of the best professional development I’ve ever attended. In fact, my willingness to give up nine to 14 days to score as many essays as humanly possible should stand as testament to my belief in essay mla heading the process. One of the main benefits of the reading is the immersion in dissertations port the scoring process, where it is essay mla heading format, your sole occupation for eight hours a day. This, matched with the fact that I’m removed from the rest of the distractions of daily life, allows for a focus that is difficult to practice sat essays, reproduce. Essay Format? After being trained to score essays, and then reading several hundred of practice them over the course of a week, I return home with a stronger sense of format what the AP English language and write, composition course expects of students and more confident as I approach the development of content for essay mla heading my own AP class. I also share that knowledge with my colleagues and through workshops I present for the College Board, so that more educators can benefit from my reading experience. There is also something extraordinary about the dynamic of the nine readers who populate a scoring table. As a small group of extremely motivated, highly trained professionals, we have detailed conversations about student writing and what characteristics a student must display on one of ac uk three writing tasks to demonstrate collegiate quality work.
These tables are a mix of high school teachers and college and university professors who share their own concerns and biases, all while working to accept the norms established by essay mla heading format, the reading leadership. This exchange is invaluable in sat essays the preparation of not only my AP students, but all of the students I come into contact with on a daily basis. As much as my experience at the reading works to prepare my AP students for exam success, it also enhances the richness of my non-AP classes. The AP English language and composition reading had roughly 1,000 members this year. The dedication and professionalism of those individuals is geared toward one thing: ensuring student success. This is not about all students “passing” the test, but about engendering the kinds of dialogue that will lead to improved instruction for all students. It is essay, about diagnosing trends in writing on an international scale and brainstorming ways to help all of our students particularly the ones not yet college proficient to essays history, improve as writers in a world that increasingly demands skills in multiple modes of writing, including email, tweets, blogs and mla heading, status updates.
As one of the le cid few venues where college professors and mla heading, high school teachers work side-by-side for an extended period of time in such large numbers, our ability to working history, bridge the notorious gap between high school and higher education grows exponentially. Mla Heading Format? The AP readings represent a microcosm of professionals who devote themselves to students, and the annual event has introduced me to some of my best friends, all of whom I admire for their commitment to student learning. Essays Working Class? We share our bags of instructional tricks that can make students stronger in our subject and better prepared for the world they will enter once they leave high school, be it a college or university or the work force. Having had the good fortune to mla heading format, be selected to practice, the reading, and to have proven worthy of returning repeatedly (each invitation is only for one year), has made me a better teacher. This has happened because of the people, process and professionalism that I have only found at the Advanced Placement reading. The opinions expressed in this commentary are solely those of Kevin McDonald. Helping our kids to survive school violence is pivotal to saving them from the many acts of essay format violence they may encounter in and outside of the classroom. Working Class History? Because school violence occurs at any school and any age we believe we need to teach survival skills at an early age. Format? Let us prepare our kids to win and survive if violence does occur at their school. In response to this need to teach our young kids, my wife, Dr.
Natalie Johnson-Leslie and I wrote a book to help kids survive. You may find more information at wwww.survivingschoolviolence.com. Mr. McDonald writes, #8220;As one of the few venues where college professors and high school teachers work side-by-side for an extended period of time in human trafficking argumentative such large numbers, our ability to bridge the notorious gap between high school and higher education grows exponentially.#8221; The word #8220;venues#8221; in the opening clause does not correlate with the words #8220;our ability,#8221; which follow the comma. If a student had crafted this sentence, he or she surely would have lost points. It is unfortunate to see an mla heading AP grader make this mistake in his own writing. Actually that looks correct to me. He#8217;s referring to the AP scoring session as the venue and is speaking for the AP scoring sessions and what it accomplishes.
Both the #8220;venue#8221; and #8220;our#8221; refer to the AP scoring session, so it works. But I#8217;ll admit you made it read it a couple times to make sure. Le Cid? The AP English Language exams are treated as #8220;drafts#8221; and not Final Process Papers. Therefore, students EARN points for what they do well instead of #8220;lose#8221; points for their mistakes. Furthermore, as #8220;Adam#8221; pointed out, Mr.
McDonald#8217;s syntax is actually correct. Perhaps, you should not be so harsh to judge others for what you yourself have not been invited to essay format, do (ie. score AP English essays or write a guest blog for my dissertation uk help CNN). As a long-time reader, I#8217;d have to agree with Mr. McDonald about the experience. Yes, we are paid, but that doesn#8217;t mean we don#8217;t have students#8217; best interest in mla heading mind (I fail to see the language that claims altruism here).
Yes, it is hard work, but not #8220;mind-numbing#8221;. Write My Dissertation? As readers, we are consistently reminded that students worked hard and format, deserve our attention and fairness. If a reader finds this unbearable, then that reader should consider declining the invitation to do the work. I apologize in advance for essay my horrid grammar. Essay Format? Please refrain from correction as it will be duly ignored. This touchy-feely nonsense would have been complete if he had just managed to work the work hero in somewhere. Practice Sat Essays? Why are you so angry, J.R. ? [#8230;] A teacher says grading Advanced Placement exams each year is essay mla heading format, his best training. (Schools of dramatic Thought) [#8230;] Perhaps you should provide a link to a therapist, because some of the people on here seriously need some anger-management classes.
Wow, what bunch of essay mla heading crabby-pants on essays in canadian working, this board! This is essay, not a news article, it#8217;s a blog. My Dissertation? Learn the essay difference. He#8217;s sharing his feelings about being a grader of AP exams and why he does it. That#8217;s it. That#8217;s the purpose, and he achieved it.
You don#8217;t have to like it, but don#8217;t criticize it for not being something it never purported to be in the first place. Human Trafficking Outline? I have scored AP Human Geography exams for the past 11 years and have been involved in reading leadership for the last five years. It is clearly the best professional development an AP teacher can be involved with and definitely allows the teacher to be become much more effective in the classroom. Let#8217;s hope for continued support from administrators and school districts alike to allow teachers to attend this valuable annual gathering. I graded AP essays only one year. The grading process was mind-numbing: Eight to five, with two ten-minute breaks and one hour lunch. Mla Heading? At various intervals, we received reports on our scoring; i.e., did we score too many with high or low scores. The quality of lack thereof could not justify having scored #8220;too many#8221; on one end or the other of the scale. I could not (will not) do that again.
The pay is not grand. So sorry to hear that your experience as a grader was not good #8230;.. almost everyone I work with at the AP Reading finds it to be an amazing learning experience. It certainly has made me a better AP instructor as well as improving my instruction techniques at the college level! How does something like this make it to the 3rd ranked story in the NATIONAL news section of CNN? I have a hard time imagining that NOTHING is happening ANYWHERE so they need to fill space with THIS? This isn#8217;t NEWS, it#8217;s an essays in canadian working class history editorial that should NEVER be on format, a #8220;NEWS#8221; page#8230;. We#8217;re not like you. good to know many cnn commentators (in the comments section) know how to uk help, write.
This is so different from mla heading format reading comments where people cannot tell the difference between your and you#8217;re#8230;. #8220;#8230;I return home with a stronger sense of what the AP English Language and Composition course expects of write uk help students and more confident as I approach the development of content for my own AP class. #8221; #8212; Not sure one can find a more clear admission by essay format, a teacher of personally engaging in and perpetuating one of the biggest issues plaguing education today: TEACHING TO THE TEST. you can#8217;t teach to the test if its a paper#8230;.if the port test is essay mla heading, not objective, then you can#8217;t teach to that objective#8230;.subjective testing allows for true intellect to dramatic, shine through a poor education#8230;. Essay Format? I#8217;m assuming that you have never taken an AP English Composition test before by this comment. How on write, Earth do you think an English teacher would #8220;teach to#8221; a composition test other than by mla heading, teaching basic rules for composition? Please explain what you mean by this. Except, he is teaching advanced placement writing, the exact same thing they are testing#8230;college level writing skills. Pierre Corneille Essay? What they are looking for on the test is the exact same ability that college professors are looking for when they read student papers. Maybe it is not teaching to the test, but testing for what should be taught, and he know what should be taught. Mla Heading Format? Owl96=If he didn#8217;t already know that they were testing for college level writing skills, he probably had bigger problems to begin with. AP is dissertations port, a college level course in a high school. Essay Mla Heading? As AP teachers, I#8217;m positive all of us are aware of this since it#8217;s our job.
If someone were to practice, mention July 4th as Independence Day at the US History reading, does that now give me an advantage that I can bring back to my school and help my kids pass? Because if it does, I need to essay mla heading, immediately quit my job for not previously being aware of that fact . Please understand the program before you comment. John Doe: One cannot #8220;teach to the test#8221; when one does not know specifically what is on the test. Sat Essays? Teaching a curriculum of format measurable skills and content which is then measured by a test is not #8220;teaching to corneille le cid, the test#8221;. I read for the AP US History exam. Essay Mla Heading Format? I don#8217;t come away from the reading with any special magic tricks to make sure my students pass the test. I do, however, come away with a better picture of human trafficking argumentative essay how well I am preparing my students with the skills and content knowledge required of colligiate level education. Every April my wife and I read student essays for college scholarships that we award. Essay? Most of pierre corneille le cid essay them are vacuous pap about essay mla heading format, how the student’s life was transformed by a volunteer position helping those less fortunate and, as a consequence, they are now worthy of receiving our money. This article demonstrates the same pattern and perhaps indicates that our local students are learning a national standard for incompetent “happy-talk” writing.
Aside from the saccharin tone, Mr. McDonald’s essay is pierre essay, grammatically deficient. The purported third sentence in the first paragraph is, “Teachers like me”. If this were a sentence, it would indicate a fond reaction of mla heading format teachers to essays class, Mr. McDonald.
However, it is not a sentence, but a comparative phrase that should be connected to the preceding sentence with a comma. Mr. McDonald begins his 10th paragraph with the pronoun “it”, but the antecedent is located in the 9th paragraph. Clearly, the division between the mla heading format the 9th and 10th paragraphs is uncalled for and they form a single topic. These are only two examples of several deficiencies. 2nd Violin? I have spent the past 35 years as a technical writer and reviewer. Mr. McDonald’s essay is only slightly better than I would expect of mla heading format my 4th grade grandson. I feel so deficient reading your response. My strength has always been in math and sat essays, science. I would love to format, improve my writing skills and practice sat essays, vocabulary, but I have yet to mla heading format, find an efficient way to do it.
I am pretty much done with school since I am in human my 30s and I have kids. I would love to hear what you think is the best way to do it. I noticed a grammatical issue as well: #8220;This year, 11,000 of my fellow educators and I from across the country and around the world convened to score more than 3.7 million AP exams in 34 subjects.#8221; The dependent clause #8220;from across the country and around the world#8221; should immediately follow the noun it modifies, #8220;fellow educators.#8221; As is, this sentence is awkward at best. I have no doubt that he#8217;s good at grading AP tests, but such a basic mistake makes me question his own abilities. I#8217;ll bet your 4th grade grandson doesn#8217;t like spending time with you.
You probably criticize the manner in essay mla heading format which he plays. Pun intended. Grading AP exams for 8 hours a day, day after day, sounds like my idea of sat essays hell, paid or not. Essay Mla Heading? Basically, you take the least rewarding and mind-numbing part of teaching, and turn it into ac uk a full-time job. Format? No thanks. Corneille Le Cid? A memoir of Kevin#8217;s experiences and process at the readers table#8230;A meaningless article for information to the public, especially AP students and their writing teachers. Good god, why are you people so negative? #8220;College Board and their standardized tests are scams, and most colleges would agree.#8221; No, they wouldn#8217;t. Quit making up things. Pity only the kids who#8217;ve been seriously coached through the AP process score well on these tests. In truth, most school don#8217;t teach children any kind of skills.
They think they#8217;re #8216;writing#8217; in kindergarten these days, but in truth the teachers are fleshing out their sentences for them. Kids don#8217;t learn penmanship (what#8217;s the point, teachers say, they can use a keyboard) they don#8217;t learn the parts of speech, they don#8217;t learn what makes a complete sentence. They don#8217;t learn what makes up a paragraph. They supposedly write essays in essay mla heading fourth grade and practice sat essays, after that no one ever tries to teach them what a real essay is. In seventh grade they treat research papers the same way. They don#8217;t learn to spell (and tend to ridicule anyone who thinks it#8217;s important) and heaven forbid anyone learns how to use an apostrophe correctly. Essay Mla Heading? I place no special emphasis on AP anything because kids are so hand-held through such classes their meaning is lost. Corneille Le Cid? College Board and their standardized tests are scams, and most colleges would agree.
It#8217;s pretty clear to me you have absolutely zero experience with AP courses. Actually, you are wrong. Not all children are #8220;hand-held#8221; through classes these days, especially when you choose to take a class at the Honors/AP level. Essay Mla Heading Format? As a product of such classes, I am appalled that you would insinuate that. I went to a specialized #8220;math and science#8221; intensive school where only the top 1% of the students in the state are admitted, and we did not get any kind of trafficking argumentative essay outline preparation from our teachers for the AP tests. Why? Well, 1) because none of mla heading our classes were distinguished as AP (they were all taught at the college level) and 2) because our teachers knew that we were prepared enough without having to human trafficking essay outline, be #8220;coached#8221; through the process. Essay? Having attended #8220;normal#8221; schools as well as a residential school, I feel as though I have been thoroughly immersed in a variety of different teaching styles from teachers of all calibers, and I can ASSURE you that I not only know how to use an apostrophe but also can write an intelligent sentence as well as identify the parts that make it up. You are too quick to judge something it seems you know very little about (or have a very biased view about). Maybe you are just the product of a subpar school system or have children who are, but you have no idea how every single teacher in the US teaches.
My son also attended a prestigious math and science school and there was indeed plenty of hand-holding, special tutoring, and lots and corneille le cid essay, lots of taking the AP test for practice practice practice until they finally took it for format real. Don#8217;t be so appalled, it happens. He knows how to use an pierre corneille apostrophe and he will be the first one to mla heading format, admit he did NOT learn this in any school he attended. AND this well-known, highly-ranked residential math and essay, science high school is well known to toss out the kids who won#8217;t pass so they don#8217;t have to show on paper how many kids fail. 11% of the first years were asked not to come back. In his Senior year, my son lost fourteen kids from his class six of essay them were asked to leave two months before graduation. The school can rightly claim 100% graduation rate, but they only practice, count the kids they didn#8217;t force out for format failing.
Of my son#8217;s graduating class, all but one went on to college. Of those that went on to college, eleven dropped out their first year, and essays working history, of the remaining kids, five more failed to complete more than two years. Format? His class started with 56 kids and graduated 33 kids. Practice Sat Essays? You do the math on how well they were prepared for college. Where did you get that idea? I took one AP class, took 5 AP tests and transferred 15 AP credits to mla heading, Carnegie Mellon#8230;
In truth, you and the rest of the testing community are precisely what IS wrong with the educational field today. Pierre Corneille Le Cid Essay? By the sound of the article, you care more about the process and rigidity than that of the welfare of the essay mla heading students. That sounds harsh, but I have seen too many AP teachers that lose sight of the facts that we have to educate the whole student and prepare them to be productive citizens. Testing does not accomplish that. Trafficking Essay? Instead of teaching the AP, try teaching classes of at risk students.
You will have a brand new appreciation for teaching. @leon111#8230; No, this is not what is format, wrong with education today. Do you understand what an AP class is? It is a college class taught to pierre essay, high school students. College classes should not #8220;teach the whole student#8221;; they should teach the subject matter and mla heading, do it well. Practice? For the records, 2 AP classes, 2 AP tests, 2 AP tests passed. And we NEVER took a #8220;practice#8221; test or spoke of the placement tests at all during the year. We just learned, and from some of the best teachers I ever had in my life.
I teach in the one of the largest districts in the country, over 50% of students qualify for essay mla heading format free or reduced lunch, 2/3 are ethnic minorities, and 20% are ELL. 78/100 passed the exam. That is just because they learned; not because I pushed the write test. Mla Heading? Most of us do educate the whole child. Please get your facts straight before you judge. Dramatic Essay 2nd Violin? reading is fun. Essay Mla Heading Format? duh, mental! Seriously agree with Alvis#8230; this article is shallow and unsupported. Corneille Le Cid Essay? I also agree with Val You get paid for mla heading those days you spend working, so it#8217;s not like you#8217;re a philanthropist donating time.
Feel free to check out my 1960#8217;s historical blog by clicking my name. I wish some useful AP History, AP Government or AP Science type would have told me about this stuff! They didn#8217;t mention those things because, as has been proven on many occasions, the human trafficking argumentative essay outline moon landings did occur. Even the essay mla heading Mythbuster#8217;s did a show de-bunking crackpot theories. Mythbusters pointed to the laser reflectors as evidence of practice sat essays manned Moon landings, but there is plenty of stuff on the Moon, all sent up in UNMANNED missions. Essay Mla Heading Format? AP Classes and essay 2nd violin, degrees from crappy colleges just turn people into smug, clueless idiots. I hope the essays you#8217;re reading are more skillfully written than this article. Where are the details? We get that the Raading is awesome and you learn a lot, but why#8217;s it awesome? What did you learn? Back in my essay-grading days (which I do miss), I would have given this a C. Essay Mla Heading Format? Bonus points for eloquence and syntactic complexity, but the message is essay 2nd violin, hazy and mla heading, the supporting details are completely absent#8230; I totally agree.
The article had no substance and pierre le cid essay, this guy is a grader! I kept looking for Next Page but there wasn#8217;t one! What a waste of my time. Alvis completely misses the pupose of this article. Minus points for that. Did he even read the whole article? His questions are concisely answered.
I#8217;m glad he#8217;s not grading essays any more. The #8220;details#8221; of any AP reading are confidential and the author correctly did not elaborate on those details. If you want to know what goes on, apply to become a reader if you teach the subject#8230;.otherwise you will have to trust that we find the experience truly amazing without knowing any of the details. Rod and Valentijn, you#8217;re grumpy-grumps and should go back into your caves. My sentiments exactly. #8220;In fact, my willingness to give up nine to essay format, fourteen days to score as many essays as humanly possible should stand as testament to my belief in the process.#8221; Aren#8217;t you guys getting paid? And if not, where#8217;s all the money they charge from AP students going? Valentijn: Yes, they are. The author#8217;s grading AP exams is not as altruistic as he makes it out to be.
From the College Board site: #8220;Secondary school Readers can receive certificates awarding professional development hours and continuing education units (CEUs). Essays In Canadian History? In addition, Readers are provided with an honorarium of $1,639 and their travel expenses, lodging and meals are covered. Essay Format? #8220; Of course readers are paid for their time grading. The time given up refers to traveling to the reading site to do the reading, in effect we are #8216;giving up#8217; our free time at home.
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Formatting a Research Paper – The MLA Style Center
lancet cover letter Proposals for both State-of-the-Art Reviews and Review Topics of the Week should first be emailed to the editorial office at firstname.lastname@example.org to determine if the editor is interested in considering your review for publication. Essay Format? The majority of my dissertation uk help, reviews are solicited by essay mla heading format, the editors, however, proposals may be considered. The Present and Future: State-of-the-Art Review: As with all submissions to JACC , State-of-the-Art Reviews should focus on the patient. From basic mechanisms to clinical manifestations and interventional approaches to 2nd violin, global health implications, such manuscripts will focus on mla heading a contemporary, controversial, or translational topic with 4 to 5 major sections written by multiple authors or author groups. Word count: no more than 10,000 words (text from the in canadian class, introduction to the conclusion, plus references and essay mla heading, figure legends) Abstract: Unstructured and no more than 150 words Condensed Abstract: No more than 100 words, stressing clinical implications Figure Limit: None Table Limit: None Central Illustration: Required Clinical Perspectives: Not required. Please be sure you have obtained or will obtain permission for previously published tables, figures, or any material for my dissertation uk help, which you cannot grant copyright. The Present and Future: Review Topic of the essay format, Week: As with all submissions to JACC , Review Topics of the Week should focus on the patient. They provide a literature review on a contemporary topic of basic, translational, or clinical science. Write My Dissertation? Such manuscripts may be written by a single author or an author group.
Word count: no more than 5,000 words (text from the introduction to the conclusion, plus references and essay mla heading, figure legends) Abstract: Unstructured and no more than 150 words Condensed Abstract: No more than 100 words, stressing clinical implications Figure Limit: None Table Limit: None Central Illustration: Required Clinical Perspectives: Not required. JACC Original Investigations should relate to cardiovascular science and medicine that may include studies conducted in humans or analyses of human data, or novel preclinical studies with direct clinical relevance that significantly advance the field. Word count: No more than 5,000 words (text from the introduction to the conclusion, plus references and figure legends). If you are asked to revise your paper, the editors may specify an alternate word limit. Essay? Abstract: Structured with the following headings and no more than 250 words: Background, Objectives, Methods, Results, Conclusions. The abstract should present essential data in 5 paragraphs. Use complete sentences.
All data in the abstract also must appear in the manuscript text or tables. For general information on preparing structured abstracts, see “Haynes RB, Mulrow CD, Huth EJ, Altman DG, Gardner MJ. More informative abstracts revisited. Ann Intern Med 1990;113:69-76.” Figure/Table Limit: None Central Illustration: Required Clinical Perspectives: Required. Both Research Letters and mla heading, Letters to the Editor are published under the heading “Letters.” You may submit original investigations of a focused nature as a research letter. Word count: No more than 800 words, including references and figure legend References: No more than 5 Authors: No more than 10 Figures/Tables: 1 figure (in no more than 2 parts) or 1 table Online or Supplemental Material: Not permitted.
Focus on a specific manuscript that has appeared in JACC . Letters must be submitted within 3 months of the print issue date of the article. We will seek a reply to your letter from the dissertations cgi search, authors of the original paper and mla heading format, publish together, when possible. Letters on Editorial Comments or previously published correspondence, including research letters, will not be considered. Word count: No more than 400 words, including references References: No more than 5 Figures/Tables: No more than 1 figure (in no more than 2 parts) or table Please include the cited article as a reference. The editors invite all Editorial Comments published in the Journal. If you are invited to write an practice, editorial, specific requirements will be sent to you. Essay Format? Please do not submit unsolicited editorials. These articles are a maximum of trafficking argumentative essay, 1,500 words and focus on topics that are of unique relevance to mla heading, FITs and the younger cardiologist community. Human Trafficking Outline? However, the submissions must be substantive, engaging in hard-hitting topics that impact their daily practice. In terms of style, they must be formal in their presentation, as these are not blogs, and include citations (if relevant). Also, we would encourage specificity when choosing a topic on mla heading which to write, as opposed to something that is too broad to have true impact.
All authors must be within 10 years of medical school. Please note that these articles will be reviewed and may be rejected by the JACC Editors. These should NOT be submitted online but e-mailed to email@example.com. Cover Letter: A short paragraph telling the editors why the write, authors think their paper merits publication may be included in the cover letter. Potential reviewers may be suggested in the cover letter, as well as reviewers to avoid. However, final reviewer assignment is essay mla heading, determined by the editors. Rebuttal Letter (revisions or appeals only) Manuscript file (see individual manuscript types and Manuscript Content for specific formatting, and you may also email firstname.lastname@example.org for essays in canadian working, a template on how to format your submission)
The entire manuscript (including tables) should have 1-inch margins and use Times New Roman 12 pt as the font. The title and abstract pages, including keywords and essay mla heading, abbreviations, should be single-spaced. Essay? All text from the introduction to the end (including tables) should be double-spaced. Page numbering should start with the title page. Page 1: Title page Page 2: Abstract, Condensed Abstract, Key Words, Abbreviations list Text Perspectives: Core Clinical Competencies and essay, Translational Outlook implications (on a separate page after the conclusions, and only for 2nd violin, Original Investigation submissions) References Figure titles and legends, including a title and mla heading format, caption for the Central Illustration (if necessary) Tables, each on a separate page Figures Supplemental material. Page numbering should begin with the title page.
Title (no more than 15 words) and brief title of no more than 45 characters. Pierre Corneille? Authors’ names (including full first name, middle initial, and essay mla heading, degrees—MD, PhD, etc.). Total word count. Departments and sat essays, institutions with which the essay mla heading, authors are affiliated. Indicate the specific affiliations if the work is generated from more than one institution (use superscript letters a , b , c , d , and so on). Funding: Information on grants, contracts, and other forms of financial support. Pierre Le Cid Essay? List the cities and states of all foundations, funds, and institutions involved in mla heading format, the work. Disclosures: This must include the full disclosure of any relationship with industry. History? (See Relationship with Industry section.) If there are no relationships with industry, this should be stated.
Corresponding author contact information: Under the heading, “Address for mla heading format, correspondence,” provide the full name and complete postal address of the author to whom communications should be sent. Also provide telephone and fax numbers, and an e-mail address. Port Ac Uk Cgi Search? The corresponding author will be the sole contact for essay, all submission queries. Acknowledgements: 100 words or less. Letters of permission from all individuals listed in the acknowledgments are the my dissertation uk help, responsibility of the corresponding author.
Provide a structured abstract of no more than 250 words for Original Investigations, presenting essential data in 5 paragraphs introduced by separate headings in the following order: Background, Objectives, Methods, Results, Conclusions. All data in the abstract also must appear in essay, the manuscript text or tables. For general information on preparing structured abstracts, see “Haynes RB, Mulrow CD, Huth EJ, Altman DG, Gardner MJ. More informative abstracts revisited. Ann Intern Med 1990;113:69–76.” An unstructured 150-word abstract should be provided for either type of review article. Immediately after the abstract, provide a maximum of 6 key words, using American spelling and avoiding general and plural terms and multiple concepts (avoid, for example, ‘and’, ‘of’). Be sparing with abbreviations.
These key words will be used for indexing purposes, and therefore should be different than the terms/words already used in my dissertation, the title of the paper. Up to 10 abbreviations of common terms (e.g., ECG, PTCA, CABG) or acronyms (GUSTO, SOLVD, TIMI) may be used throughout the manuscript. On a separate page following the abstract, list the selected abbreviations and essay format, their definitions (e.g., TEE ≡ transesophageal echocardiography). The editors will determine which lesser-known terms should not be abbreviated. Pierre Le Cid Essay? Consult “Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing and Publication of Scholarly Work in mla heading, Medical Journals (ICMJE Recommendations),” available at http://www.icmje.org, for appropriate use of units of dissertations, measure. Use Times New Roman 12-pt font. The text should be structured as: Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion, and Conclusions. Essay Format? Use headings and subheadings in the Methods, Results, and, particularly in the Discussion sections.
Every reference, figure, and table should be cited in essay, the text in numerical order according to order of mention. The authors should delineate clinical competencies and essay mla heading, translational outlook recommendations for my dissertation, their manuscripts. These competencies should not restate the questions underlying the work but describe the format, implications of the write my dissertation, study and essay, how the pierre corneille, new information can be integrated into current practice based on the 6 domains delineated by mla heading format, the Accreditation Council on Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) and adopted by the American College of Cardiology Foundation (ACCF). These should be listed in the manuscript after the text and before the references. Please review the examples provided below. The competencies describe the implications of the study for current practice. Essay? The translational outlook places the work in a futuristic context, emphasizing directions for additional research. Competency-based learning in essay mla heading format, cardiovascular medicine addresses the 6 domains promulgated by the ACGME and endorsed by the American Board of Internal Medicine (Medical Knowledge, Patient Care and Procedural Skills, Interpersonal and Communication Skills, Systems-Based Practice, Practice-Based Learning, and Professionalism) (http://www.acgme.org/acgmeweb). Write? The ACCF has adopted this format for its competency and training statements, career milestones, lifelong learning, and educational programs. Essay Format? The ACCF also has developed tools to assist physicians in assessing, enhancing, and documenting these competencies (http://www.acc.org/education-and-meetings/products-and-resources/competencies). Authors are asked to consider the clinical implications of dramatic essay 2nd violin, their report and mla heading format, identify applications in one or more these competency domains that could be used by practice, clinician-readers to essay, enhance their competency as professional caregivers.
This applies not only to physicians-in-training, but to the sustained commitment to education and continuous improvement across the uk help, span of their professional careers. Translating biomedical research from the laboratory bench, clinical trials, or global observations to the care of individual patients can expedite discovery of new diagnostic tools and essay format, treatments through multidisciplinary collaboration. Effective translational medicine facilitates implementation of evolving strategies for pierre, prevention and treatment of disease in the community. The Institute of Medicine identified two areas needing improvement: testing basic research findings in properly designed clinical trials and, once the safety and efficacy of an intervention has been confirmed, more efficiently promulgating its adoption into standard practice (Sung NS, Crowley WF, Genel M. The meaning of translational research and why it matters. JAMA 2008;299:3140-8). The National Institutes of essay mla heading, Health (NIH) has recognized the importance of translational biomedical research, emphasizing multifunctional collaborations between researchers and clinicians to leverage new technology and accelerate the delivery of new therapies to patients (http://www.ncats.nih.gov/about/about.html). Trafficking Argumentative Essay? Authors are asked to place their work in the context of the mla heading format, scientific continuum, by identifying impediments and challenges requiring further investigation and anticipating next steps and directions for future research.
EXAMPLE 1: For a Clinical Trial [N Engl J Med 2012;367:2375-84]: EXAMPLE 2: For a Translational Science Study [Nat Med 2014;20:215-9]: Competency in Medical Knowledge: Inflammation is one of the major determinants of atherosclerotic plaque instability. Positron emission tomography with F18-labeled FDG has been employed for the identification of the macrophages in high-risk patients. Imaging with mannose, the isomer of glucose, may have an advantage because a subset of macrophages in high-risk plaques develop mannose receptors.
Translational Outlook 1: Although circulating biomarkers of inflammation, such as hs-CRP, provide reliable information of write, systemic inflammation, detection of inflammation at mla heading format the plaque level may allow identification of the high-risk plaques. Translational Outlook 2: Plaque imaging with sugars, although feasible, must in essay, a randomized fashion investigate whether treatment of individual high-risk plaques would favorably influence major adverse outcomes in atherosclerotic disease. EXAMPLE 3: For a Meta-Analysis or a Review Article [Lancet 2014;383:955-62]: Competency in Medical Knowledge 1: Selection of antithrombotic therapy for prevention of thromboembolism in essay mla heading format, patients with atrial fibrillation must consider several clinical factors, including the patient's values and essays in canadian class history, preferences. Competency in Medical Knowledge 2: The oral direct thrombin inhibitor, dabigatran, and factor Xa inhibitors, rivaroxaban, apixaban, and edoxaban (so-called novel oral anticoagulants or NOACs) avoid the dietary restrictions and need for routine coagulation monitoring that are cumbersome aspects of anticoagulation with vitamin K antagonists such as warfarin. Competency in Patient Care: All 3 NOACs currently approved for clinical use in essay format, the United States represent advances over write warfarin because of their more predictable pharmacological profiles, fewer drug interactions, and considerably lower risk of intracranial bleeding than warfarin, but these advantages come at greater monetary cost, and there is presently no approved antidote or validated strategy rapid reversal of anticoagulation induced by any of the NOACs. Competency in Interpersonal Communication Skills: It is important to discuss the available options with patients who are candidates for the newer agents. Translational Outlook 1: The mechanism by which each of the NOACs evaluated to date cause less intracerebral hemorrhage than well-managed warfarin anticoagulation requires further investigation. Translational Outlook 2: Additional research is needed to understand the safety and essay format, efficacy of the NOACs, alone or in pierre corneille essay, combination in patients with mechanical prosthetic heart valves to overcome the toxicity of this type of anticoagulation in essay mla heading, the limited studies undertaken to in canadian working, date that contraindicate their use in patients who have undergone heart valve replacement with mechanical prostheses. The reference list should be typed double-spaced on mla heading pages separate from the sat essays, text; references must be numbered consecutively in essay format, the order in which they are mentioned in the text.
List all authors if 6 or fewer, otherwise list the first 3 and write uk help, add “et al.” Do not use periods after author initials. Do not cite personal communications, manuscripts in preparation, or other unpublished data in the references; these may be cited in the text in parentheses. Do not cite abstracts that are older than 2 years. Identify abstracts by the abbreviation “abstr” in parentheses. Essay? If letters to the editor are cited, identify them with the word “letter” in parentheses. Use Index Medicus (National Library of Medicine) abbreviations for journal titles. It is dramatic essay, important to note that when citing an mla heading, article from the Journal of the essay, American College of Cardiology , the correct citation format is J Am Coll Cardiol. Use the following style and punctuation for references: Periodical. Format? Do not use periods after the authors' initials.
Please provide inclusive page numbers: Example: “5. Essay Outline? Glantz SA. It is all in the numbers. Essay Mla Heading Format? J Am Coll Cardiol 1993;21:835-7.” DOI-based citation for an article in press. •If the ahead-of-print date is known, please provide. EXAMPLE: “16.
Winchester D, Wen X, Xie L, et al. Practice? Evidence for pre-procedural statin therapy: meta-analysis of randomized trials. Mla Heading? J Am Coll Cardiol 2010 Sept 28 [E-pub ahead of print]; http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jacc.2010.09.028.” •If the ahead-of-print date is unknown, please omit. Dissertations Ac Uk Cgi Search? EXAMPLE: “16. Format? Winchester D, Wen X, Xie L, et al. Practice Sat Essays? Evidence for mla heading format, pre-procedural statin therapy: meta-analysis of randomized trials.
J Am Coll Cardiol 2010 [E-pub ahead of print]; http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jacc.2010.09.028.” Chapter in book. Provide author(s), chapter title, editor(s), book title, publisher location, publisher name, year, and inclusive page numbers. Trafficking? EXAMPLE: “27. Meidell RS, Gerard RD, Sambrook JF. Molecular biology of thrombolytic agents. In: Roberts R, editor. Molecular Basis of Cardiology. Cambridge, MA: Blackwell Scientific Publications, 1993:295-324.” Book (personal author or authors.) Provide a specific (not inclusive) page number.
EXAMPLE: “23. Cohn PF. Silent Myocardial Ischemia and Infarction. Format? 3rd edition. Port Ac Uk? New York, NY: Marcel Dekker, 1993:33.” Online media. Provide specific URL address and date information was accessed. EXAMPLE: “10.
Henkel J. Mla Heading Format? Testicular Cancer: Survival High With Early Treatment. FDA Consumer magazine [serial online]. January-February 1996. Available at: http://www.fda.gov/fdac/features/196_test.html. Accessed August 31, 1998.” Material presented at a meeting but not published. Provide authors, presentation title, full meeting title, meeting dates, and meeting location. EXAMPLE: “20. Eisenberg J. Market forces and physician workforce reform: why they may not work. Paper presented at: Annual Meeting of the Association of Medical Colleges; October 28, 1995; Washington, DC.” All figures must have a number, title, and caption. Pierre Corneille Le Cid? Figures should be cited in numerical order in the text.
Supplemental figures should be cited as “Online Figure 1, Online Figure 2,” etc. Figure titles should be short and followed by a 2 to 3 sentence caption. Your Central Illustration, if not an existing figure, should be listed first. Mla Heading? If the figure has been previously published, cite the write my dissertation uk help, figure source in mla heading format, the legend. All abbreviations used in the figure should be identified in alphabetical order at the end of each legend (see also Figures). All tables must have a title. Dissertations? Abbreviations should be listed in format, a footnote under the pierre corneille le cid, table in essay mla heading, alphabetical order. My Dissertation? Footnote symbols should appear in format, the following order: *, †, ‡, §, ∥, #, **, ††, etc. 2nd Violin? If previously published tables are used, written permission from the original publisher/author is required. Mla Heading Format? Cite the source of the table in the footnote.
Figures and graphs should be provided in EPS or TIF format. Dramatic 2nd Violin? Color images must be at least 300 DPI. Gray scale images should be at least 300 DPI. All abbreviations used in the figure should be identified in an alphabetical order at format the end of each legend. All symbols used (arrows, circles, etc.) must be explained. Figure legends should be typed double-spaced on 2nd violin pages separate from the format, text. Figure numbers must correspond with the order in which they are mentioned in the text.
If previously published figures are used, written permission from the essay, original publisher is essay format, required. See STM Guidelines for details: http://www.stmassoc.org/permissions-guidelines. If the figure has been previously published, cite the figure source in the legend. Graphics software, such as Photoshop and Illustrator, should be used to create the art, but not presentation software such as Powerpoint, CorelDraw, or Harvard Graphics. Port Ac Uk Cgi Search? Line art (black and white or color) and combinations of gray scale images and line art should be at least 1200 DPI.
Lettering should be of mla heading, sufficient size to be legible after reduction for publication. The optimal size is 12 points. Symbols should be of dissertations port cgi search, a similar size. Figures should be no smaller than 13 cm x 18 cm (500 x 700). Decimals, lines, and other details must be strong enough for reproduction. Use only black and white—not gray—in charts and graphs. Place crop marks on photomicrographs to show only the essential field. Designate special features with arrows. All symbols, arrows, and lettering on format half-tone illustrations must contrast with the background. Working Class? There is no fee for the publication of color figures. Our editors encourage authors to submit figures in color, as we feel it improves the clarity and visual impact of the images.
Inclusion of videos in the published paper is at the discretion of the editors. Video submissions for viewing online should be one of the following formats: AudioVideo Interleave (.avi), MPEG (.mpg), or QuickTime (.qt, .mov). AVI files can be displayed via Windows Media Player. MPEG files can be displayed via Windows Media Player: http://www.microsoft.com/windows/windowsmedia/players.aspx. QuickTime files require QuickTime software (free) from Apple: http://www.apple.com/quicktime/download/index.html. Essay? Videos should be brief whenever possible (less than 5 minutes). Essay 2nd Violin? Longer videos will require longer download times and may have difficulty playing online. Videos should be restricted to mla heading, the most critical aspects of your research. A longer procedure can be restructured as several shorter videos and submitted in that form. Practice? It is advisable to compress files to use as little bandwidth as possible and to avoid overly long download times.
Video files should be no larger than 5 megabytes. Essay Format? A video legends page giving a brief description of the video content should be provided for each video. Manuscript submissions should conform to the guidelines set forth in practice sat essays, the “Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals (ICMJE Recommendations),” available online at http://www.icmje.org and most recently updated in December 2015. Studies should be in mla heading, compliance with human studies committees and animal welfare regulations of the authors' institutions and the U.S. Dissertations Port? Food and Drug Administration guidelines. Mla Heading Format? Human studies must be performed with the essays class, subjects' written informed consent. Mla Heading? Authors must provide the details of this procedure and indicate that the institutional committee on human research has approved the study protocol. If radiation is used in a research procedure, the radiation exposure must be specified in the Methods. Studies on patients or volunteers require ethics committee approval and informed consent, which should be documented in trafficking outline, your paper. Patients have a right to privacy. Essay Mla Heading Format? Therefore, identifying information, including patients' images, names, initials, or hospital numbers, should not be included in videos, recordings, written descriptions, photographs, and pedigrees unless the information is essential for scientific purposes, and you have obtained written informed consent for ac uk cgi search, publication in print and electronic form from the patient (or parent, guardian, next of kin, or other legally authorized representative).
If consent is subject to mla heading, conditions, the editorial office must be informed. Written consents must be provided to the editorial office on practice request. Even where consent has been given, identifying details should be omitted if they are not essential. If identifying characteristics are altered to protect anonymity, such as in genetic pedigrees, authors should provide assurance that alterations do not distort scientific meaning and mla heading format, editors should so note. If such consent has not been obtained, personal details of patients included in any part of the paper and in working, any supplementary materials (including all illustrations and videos) must be removed before submission. Animal investigation must conform to the “Position of the mla heading format, American Heart Association on essays class Research Animal Use,” adopted by the AHA on November 11, 1984. If equivalent guidelines are used, they should be indicated. The AHA position includes: 1) animal care and use by qualified individuals, supervised by veterinarians, and all facilities and transportation must comply with current legal requirements and guidelines; 2) research involving animals should be done only when alternative methods to essay, yield needed information are not possible; 3) anesthesia must be used in all surgical interventions, all unnecessary suffering should be avoided and my dissertation, research must be terminated if unnecessary pain or fear results; and 4) animal facilities must meet the standards of the American Association for Accreditation of Laboratory Animal Care (AAALAC). The JACC Journals have an ethics committee comprised of 7 members, which oversees quality control and essay, will look into the issues of concern, if any. Exclusive Submission/Publication Policy.
Manuscripts are considered for review only under the conditions that they are not under consideration elsewhere and that the data presented have not appeared on the Internet or have not been previously published (including symposia, proceedings, transactions, books, articles published by invitation, and preliminary publications of any kind, excepting abstracts that do not exceed 400 words). On acceptance, transfer of copyright to the American College of Cardiology Foundation will be required. Essays In Canadian Class? Elsevier will maintain copyright records for the College. All authors are required to essay mla heading format, disclose any relationship with industry and other relevant entitiesfinancial or otherwisewithin the past 2 years that might pose a conflict of interest in write, connection with the essay mla heading, submitted article. All relevant relationships with industry, disclosures, and sources of funding for the work should be acknowledged on the title page, as should all institutional affiliations of the authors (including corporate appointments). Sat Essays? This includes associations such as consultancies, stock ownership, or other equity interests or patent-licensing arrangements. Format? If no relationship with industry exists, please state this on the title page.
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Only authors appearing on the final title page will be sent a form. YOU CANNOT ADD AUTHORS AFTER ACCEPTANCE OR ON PROOFS. The JACC Journals program prefers the term Relationships with Industry and Other Entities as opposed to the term Conflict of Interest, because, by practice sat essays, definition, it does NOT necessarily imply a conflict. When all relationships are disclosed with the appropriate detail regarding category and amount, and managed appropriately for building consensus and essay mla heading, voting, the JACC Journals program believes that potential bias can be avoided and the final published document is strengthened since the necessary expertise is accessible. JACC uses a single-blind peer-review system, meaning that the authors are blinded to the identity of the reviewers and as a general rule, although there are exceptions, the reviewers are blinded to each other. While the JACC Associate Editor will be identified at the end of the review process, all correspondence concerning a manuscript should be addressed to the JACC editorial staff at email@example.com. At initial submission, a manuscript is dissertations cgi search, reviewed by editorial staff for compliance with journal style and to make sure the submission is format, clear and legible for in canadian working, reviewers and editors. Once the editorial staff have checked in essay, the paper, it is assigned to the JACC Editor-in-Chief, who will assign it to an Associate Editor. The Associate Editor then determines if it should be sent for peer review or if it is not of sufficient priority for JACC . In Canadian? All reviewers and editors are asked to report any potential conflicts of essay mla heading, interest, and when those exist the manuscript is reassigned to a different editor or reviewer.
Once two reviews have been completed, the submission is reviewed by all JACC associate editors in dramatic essay, a weekly meeting. The group then comes to essay mla heading format, one of the four decisions below: Accept. The manuscript is acceptable for publication in its current form. Pierre? However, minor edits may be made by the JACC medical editors, illustrators, or the publisher, and authors will need to work with the mla heading format, appropriate contacts to ensure these changes are incorporated post-acceptance. Minor Revision. Argumentative? It is important to note that this decision does not guarantee acceptance. However, less significant edits are required than a Revision Required decision. Revision Required. The manuscript is mla heading format, unacceptable for publication in its current form. However, the editors are willing to reconsider a thoroughly revised manuscript.
The authors must respond to corneille le cid essay, all reviewer and editor comments and essay mla heading format, the submission will be re-reviewed and treated as a new submission. Reject. The manuscript is unacceptable for publication and/or is not an appropriate fit for JACC . If a figure/table is reprinted or adapted from a previously published work, permission must be obtained from that publisher and sent to the editorial office. Please also see Figures. Each author must have contributed significantly to the submitted work. If authorship is write uk help, attributed to a group (either solely or in addition to mla heading format, one or more individual authors), all members of the group must meet the full criteria and requirements for authorship. To save space, if group members have been previously published, the article should be referenced rather than reprinting the list of names. The editors consider authorship to include all of the following: Substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work; or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data for the work; AND Drafting the work or revising it critically for write uk help, important intellectual content; AND Final approval of the version to be published; AND Agreement to essay mla heading, be accountable for all aspects of the port, work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved. Participation solely in the collection of essay format, data does not justify authorship but may be appropriately acknowledged in dramatic 2nd violin, the Acknowledgment section. Authors must also agree to the following statements.
These questions will be part of the submission process and manuscripts will not be reviewed until they are confirmed: 1) the essay mla heading, paper is not under consideration elsewhere; 2) none of the paper's contents with the exception of abstracts have been previously published; 3) all authors have read and approved the manuscript; 4) agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved; 5) the full disclosure of 2nd violin, any relationship with industry (see “Relationship with Industry Policy”) or that no such relationship exists, is stated; and 6) the authors have provided both an illustration and the appropriate material for inclusion in the box that appears after the essay mla heading, “Conclusions” section in the manuscript. Exceptions must be explained. In order for Original Investigations to be considered for expedited review, they should report important original findings of sat essays, high-potential clinical impact or research significance. Essay Mla Heading Format? Authors should request expedited review in their cover letter at the time of submission. Cgi Search? The editors commit to a decision regarding suitability for expedited publication processing within 2 days, and an initial decision within 14 days. Those manuscripts not deemed appropriate for the expedited publication track will be considered according to the standard review process. We always inform authors whether we are able to offer expedited review. Mla Heading Format? An agreement to provide expedited review does not guarantee acceptance. All publishable manuscripts will be reviewed for appropriateness and accuracy of statistical methods and statistical interpretation of results.
We subscribe to the statistics section of the “Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals (ICMJE Recommendations),” available at http://www.icmje.org. In the dissertations port, Methods section, provide a subsection detailing the statistical methods, including specific methods used to summarize the data, methods used for hypothesis testing (if any), and the level of significance used for hypothesis testing. When using more sophisticated statistical methods (beyond t tests, chi-square, simple linear regression), specify the mla heading, statistical package, version number, and pierre, nondefault options used. For more information on format statistical review, see “Glantz SA. Human Outline? It is all in the numbers.
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2004 Ap Psychology Frq Essays and Research Papers. ? FRQ Practice #2 AP Psychology 2013-2014 1. In response to declining reading scores in local schools, John . wrote an editorial suggesting that schools need to increase interest in reading books by providing students with incentives. Based on research showing a relation between use of incentives and essay mla heading, student reading, he recommended providing a free Starbucks gift card for every ten books a student reads. A. Explain how each of the following psychological concepts could be used to essay 2nd violin refute John's. Albert Bandura , Educational psychology , Learning 734 Words | 4 Pages. 2008 Psych FRQ 1. A) • One of the format findings from Ainsworth’s attachment research was that children’s responses can fall into . two categories: secure or insecure attachment. Securely attached children felt close to their mothers, safe, and more willing to explore or tolerate a novel experience, while insecurely attached children were more likely to react to the situation either with anxiety and ambivalence or with avoidance. • One of the findings from trafficking essay outline, Baumrind’s research. Attachment theory , Childhood , Developmental psychology 851 Words | 3 Pages. AP Psychology Free Response Questions Sample The following questions are samples of the free response questions from past . AP Psychology exams. The free response sections are worth 33 1/3 percent of the total grade.
Students have 50 minutes to answer two questions. The key to successfully answering these questions is to: completely define the terms using appropriate psychological terminology and then critically apply each term. Essay. Many students concentrate their efforts on port ac uk cgi search, the multiple-choice. Essay Format. Free response , Intelligence , Intelligence quotient 1439 Words | 6 Pages. AP Psychology Midterm Study Guide #1 Unit 1: Psychology's History and essays in canadian class history, Approaches 1.Definition of Psychology ? . Disciplines it is essay, rooted in? Psychology is the science of behavior and sat essays, mental process; it seeks to answer how and why we think, feel, act as we do. Essay Format. Psychology is rooted in philosophy and biology. 2.What is the difference between nativism and human trafficking essay, empiricism? Which ancient philosophers/early psychologist were nativist? which were empiricist? Nativism is the argument that all our skills.
Brain , Cerebrum , Genetics 1380 Words | 6 Pages. Essay Mla Heading Format. |Wundt |“Father of Psychology ”; introspection/ Structuralism . Human Essay Outline. | |Wertheimer |Gestalt psychology | |Titchner |Structuralism | |James . Clinical psychology , Cognition , Cognitive behavioral therapy 1164 Words | 7 Pages. AP US Government and Politics 2003 FRQs By Mitch White firstname.lastname@example.org Marist Summer Institute July 14, 2010 2003 . AP US Gov FRQ #1 •Presidential approval ratings fluctuate over the course of each presidential administration. –A. Identify two factors that decrease presidential approval ratings, and explain why each factor has that effect. –B. Identify two factors that decrease presidential approval ratings, and explain why each factor has that effect. Essay Format. 2003 AP US Government Politics. Port. Bill Clinton , Federal government of the format United States , Gerald Ford 754 Words | 6 Pages. Unit 6 FRQ Many pioneering researchers have devoted their careers to understanding how we learn.
These researchers included Ivan Pavlov, . John Watson, John Garcia, B.F. Skinner and Albert Bandura. Ivan Pavlov researched classical conditioning. This is a type of learning in which one learns to link two or more stimuli and anticipate events. Pavlov researched a dog and how it began to salivate at the sight of food, the bowl for human trafficking argumentative outline the food, the person delivering the food, and essay mla heading format, even the sound of the person’s. Behaviorism , Classical conditioning , Ivan Pavlov 420 Words | 2 Pages. going to be worse than usual. Dave endured this abuse for years but finally one day he was saved by a police officer and was told he would never have to set . foot in that home again. He was finally free.
As this book ties in with the aspects of psychology , Dave Pelzer did not have any mental disorder, or anything causing his brain not to function the dissertations port cgi search correct way. He was a victim of child abuse for many years. Not only did he have to go through all of the mla heading format physical pain that was brought onto him but. Child abuse , Suffering 1029 Words | 3 Pages. shaping and successive approximation, it can teach kids how to put on their own clothes all by themselves. The Smith-Garcia’s are having a baby and should . learn how to write raise their child appropriately. Since both of the expectant parents took a psychology course, they should remember Skinner’s operant conditioning method, and should use this method on their child when he or she throws a tantrum. Essay Mla Heading. For example, if their child throws a tantrum because he wants his favorite candy bar, a parent should. Albert Bandura , Attachment theory , Educational psychology 962 Words | 3 Pages. Ch. 10 FRQs 1. A) The problem with the election in 1800 was that it wasn’t much of an “election” at all. Newspapers, at . the time, were mostly partisan, and weren’t concerned with telling the ac uk cgi search truth all the mla heading time.
Also, because of their lack in technology, campaigning was almost impossible for presidential candidates, so not much was done to campaign their running of dramatic essay 2nd violin office. Bottom line, there were NO primaries, NO nominating conventions. Format. Democracy , Election , Elections 1397 Words | 4 Pages. not hiring 11/03 Rmi Pine Call next week 11/03 Custom Metal Workers Pine Slow workload 11/03 Seal Co Pine Happy W/ mystaff and express . 11/03 Life Touch 11th and Sheridan Send proposal through mail 11/03 Sagebrush Sapulpa Ap . With Ashantee next week 11/03 SB Systems Pine Not hiring 11/03 Dauben Internatinal energy Pine F/U next Week 11/04 DMI International BA Exclusive w/ Prime 11/04 Air x changers Port of Catoosa Use 5 staffing companies, might. Oklahoma , Steel 504 Words | 7 Pages. Ac Uk. ? Subspecialities of Forensic Psychology : Legal Psychology and Correctional Psychology Antonella Zavala . MISSOURI VALLEY COLLEGE CJ240 ABSTRACT Forensic psychology is the format science that studies the individuals offender’s behavior. Forensic Science has other sciences that coordinates its goal such as Legal Psychology which will decide whether an offender is on my dissertation uk help, conditions to go or not to essay mla heading court and correctional psychology that will follow the behavior and rehab on an. Applied psychology , Clinical psychology , Crime 1583 Words | 5 Pages. Essay. ?LO 1 Define psychology . “The study of behavior mental process” LO 2 Describe the scope of psychology and its subfields. Format. “The . psychology is pierre le cid essay, a broad field that includes many perspectives and essay format, SUBFIELDS.
APA the American Psychological Association and the APS The Association for Psychological Science. Psychologists conduct two major types of practice research Basic research which is “often done in universities” and focuses on collecting data to mla heading support (or refute) theories and gathers knowledge for the. Behaviorism , Cognition , Cognitive science 1019 Words | 11 Pages. AP Psychology Fall Term Project Introduction I am more interested in the abstract and philosophical aspects rather than the . more concrete biological aspects of psychology . Port. The topic that interested me the most so far this year and the topic that I continued to research was the topic of morality. I didn’t have a specific question I wanted to essay mla heading format address but as I read some articles about people who were institutionalized for violently expressing psychopathic personality traits, I came across an. Antisocial personality disorder , Conduct disorder , Hare Psychopathy Checklist 1027 Words | 3 Pages. “ Psychology has given the argumentative essay world little cause for amazement” Sinead Clarke Word Count: 1,769 “ Psychology has given the world . little cause for essay format amazement” In 1843, John Stuart Mill published “System of Logic Ratiocinative and Inductive, Being a Connected View of the Principles of Evidence and sat essays, the Methods of Scientific Investigation” (A System of Logic) in which he declared “ psychology should leave the realm of speculation and philosophy and become a science of mla heading observation and corneille essay, experiment.” Commencing. Archives of the History of American Psychology , Behavior , Behaviorism 2026 Words | 6 Pages. FRQ #1 The independent variable is the group receiving feedback.
The dependent variable is how much each group correctly identified the . Mla Heading. figures. The independent variable will not change in the experiment and the dependent variable's outcome will rely on essay, the independent factor. The foveal is the small pit, in the retina, which provides the clearest and sharpest vision. The participants' foveal vision are needed to be highly active so they can best identify the geometric figures. Essay Mla Heading Format. Feature detectors. Brain , Japanese language , Language acquisition 521 Words | 2 Pages. level of autonomic nervous system arousal may contribute to A) post-traumatic stress disorder. B) phobias. Trafficking Argumentative. C) antisocial personality disorder.
D) . dissociative disorders. E) generalized anxiety disorder. ____ ____ ____ ____ Page 1 AP Psychology C14 Practice Test ____ 6. The symptoms of ________ are likely to mla heading format appear at an earlier age than the symptoms of ________. Essay 2nd Violin. A) antisocial personality; schizophrenia B) major depression; bipolar disorder C) obsessive-compulsive disorder;. Mla Heading. Abnormal psychology , Bipolar disorder , Cognitive behavioral therapy 2795 Words | 10 Pages. ? Psychology Chapter 3 outline Helen Sternberg A. Genes: Our Biological Blueprint a. Chromosomes- threadlike structures made of DNA molecules . that contain the genes b. DNA- a complex molecule containing the genetic information that makes up the chromosomes. c. Genes- the biochemical units of heredity that make up the dissertations port ac uk chromosomes; a segment of DNA capable of essay mla heading format synthesizing a protein d. Genome- the complete instructions for making and organism, consisting of sat essays all the genetic material in its chromosomes. Chromosome , DNA , Gender 1363 Words | 4 Pages. Unanimous Mr. Tassinari AP Psychology 19 August 2013 Observation of a Person Psychology is the scientific . study of the human mind and its functions. One thing that is essay format, major in psychology is the behavior of the organs. There are many things that can be used to describe behavior and show how the person is without even knowing them. For example there is: clothing, body language, general behavior, and anything else that would provide insight to the behavior of a person. Throughout the course.
By the Way , Education , Mind 571 Words | 2 Pages. Source: http://psychology.about.com Psychology Today, psychologists prefer to use more objective scientific methods to understand, . explain, and pierre le cid essay, predict human behavior. Psychological studies are highly structured, beginning with a hypothesis that is then empirically tested. Format. The discipline has two major areas of focus: academic psychology and applied psychology . Academic psychology focuses on the study of different sub-topics within psychology including personality, social behavior and human. Applied psychology , Behavioural sciences , Clinical psychology 607 Words | 3 Pages. ? Psychology Chapter One Psychology started as a speculation and le cid, has evolved into science over years. . It was born as an . independent discipline. The discovery began in 1870 by a small number of scholars. Essay Format. The founders are disciplines of philosophy and physiology which share an interest in pierre corneille essay, the mysteries of the mind. In 1832- 1920 Wilhelm Wundt changed the view, he created the essay mla heading format first laboratory in 1879 in Leipzig Germany. He mounted a campaign to make psychology and port, independent discipline rather. Behavior , Behaviorism , Clinical psychology 979 Words | 3 Pages. ?Robert DeCooman Mr.
Holcomb AP Psychology 16 May 2014 Hypochondriasis Hypochondriasis also knows as, hypochondria is a . type of mental illness. It is a type of essay mla heading somatoform disorder which causes bodily symptoms. It is an anxiety disorder in which people think they have a disease or are convinced that they do have a disease. Dramatic. Hypochondriacs still think they have a disease even though medical tests show that they are not sick. Essay. For example, if a hypochondriac has a headache, he may think that it.
Antidepressant , Anxiety , Anxiety disorder 475 Words | 3 Pages. Port Cgi Search. PSYCHOLOGY Eva Evangelio- Pacayra Faculty Centro Escolar University School of Science and Technology Department of Psychology . PSYCHOLOGY • • is mla heading, derived from the corneille le cid essay Greek word “psyche” which means MIND/SOUL and “logos” which means STUDY/KNOWLEDGE is the SCIENTIFIC study of HUMAN BEHAVIOR and MENTAL PROCESSES. The Roots of Psychology • • • • • • • John Locke- blank slate “Tabula Rasa” Wilhelm Wundt- Structuralism (uncovering the fundamental mental components) William James- Functionalism. Essay Format. Applied psychology , Clinical psychology , Educational psychology 730 Words | 5 Pages. ? PSYCHOLOGY Psychology is derived from the Greek words Psyche and logos, meaning soul and study. To Greeks, . Psychology is practice sat essays, simply a study of the soul.
Psychology as the scientific study of human behavior and essay mla heading format, mental processes. Scientific because it uses the steps in a scientific method in its quest to understand why a person behaves in a certain manner. Essay 2nd Violin. It is systematic and empirical and essay format, it is dependent upon measurements. Psychologists - study human issues that begin before birth and continue. Behavior , Cognition , Cognitive psychology 1555 Words | 5 Pages. ?Aspects of trafficking essay outline Psychology Unit 1 Individual Project Introduction: The three early perspectives (theories) of mla heading psychology . Sat Essays. that I have chosen were Functionalism, Cognitive, and essay format, Humanistic.
We will discuss these three perspectives in the following. They are three different school of thought in the field of psychology . “Functionalism psychology focuses on how mental and dissertations cgi search, behavioral processes function. They enable organism to adapt, flourish and survive.” Functionalism is the essay format doctrine that what. Cognition , Cognitive science , Human 701 Words | 3 Pages. : BA (Humanities) Degree University of Johannesburg Johannesburg, South Africa (Gauteng). Major Subjects : . Psychology (III), Development Studies (III) Other Subjects Passed : Anthropology (III) Sociology (I) Communication (I) Zulu (I) Secondary Education (Completed, 11/ 2004 ): St James College Matric / Grade 12 / A-level . Johannesburg , Microsoft , Microsoft Office 438 Words | 4 Pages. ?The Different schools of psychology Structuralism- the first school of thought headed by dramatic, Wilhelm Wundt, a German, and later by E.B. Titchener . started in 1879 when experimental psychology was gaining more incentive. The structuralists, as they called themselves, thought of psychology as the study of conscious experience. They started components experience. Format. They started that all complex substances could be analyzed through their component elements. They held that elementary mental states such as.
Behaviorism , Clinical psychology , Cognition 1725 Words | 5 Pages. Studies College of Legal studies BA.,LLB(Hons.) Semester III Academic YEAR: 2014 -15 SESSION: July-December Assignment For PSYCHOLOGY . Under the Supervision of PRIYANKA SHARMA Name: _______________________ Sap No: _______________________ Roll No ------------------------------------- Major Schools Of Thought In Psychology And Their Contributions When psychology was first established as a science separate from biology and philosophy, the debate over how to describe and explain the. Behaviorism , Edward B. Titchener , Human behavior 1988 Words | 8 Pages. Psyc 3331 Psychology of Gender Notes 02.02.05 Chapter 1 Key Terms ? Androcentric bias: discipline of psychology that is . largely focused on men and describes men as superior and women as inferior. Pierre Le Cid. ? Bias in Research Methods: bias occurs in every part of the research process-from question formulation and research design to data analysis and format, interpretation ? Blatant sexism: occurs when women are treated in a transparently harmful and dissertations port cgi search, unequal way. ? Covert sexism: form of mla heading format sexism that's intentional. Discrimination , Feminism , Feminist theory 756 Words | 3 Pages.
AP problem #1 Redox, bonding, thermochemistry Sodium chlorate decomposes upon heating in the presence of a manganese dioxide catalyst. a. i. . Write the balanced equation for the decomposition. ii. As the reaction proceeds, what would you expect the pierre corneille le cid total mass in the test tube to increase, decrease or stay the same? b. Chlorates are highly soluble in essay mla heading format, water. i Draw the lewis structure of the chlorate ion. ii. What factors make the chlorate ion highly soluble in water? c. Corneille. i. What would. Acetic acid , Ammonia , Chemical reaction 2547 Words | 26 Pages. Essay Format. Biological Psychology Jessica Parks APA Format PSY/340 This paper will outline the write my dissertation major point of biological . psychology . The paper will give an overview of the actual definition of biological psychology and the history of mla heading how it came to be. There will be an illustration of the main theorist that attributed to the ideas of biological psychology . As well as commentary on how biological psychology is used today and it’s function in our current society. Biological psychology can also. Brain , Cognition , Cognitive science 832 Words | 3 Pages. Karly Coppola 7/5/13 Psychology The Five Parts of Psychology When you hear the word psychology , what comes to . mind? While psychology is my dissertation uk help, a popular subject, a lot of people are not aware of the essay mla heading many different elements of this broad and fascinating subject. It’s best to write learn about the early history of psychology , the official beginning of mla heading psychology and more about psychology today.
Generally, there are five different approaches to the subject of psychology . The five different parts are; Cognitive. Dramatic Essay 2nd Violin. Behavior , Brain , Cognitive psychology 1511 Words | 5 Pages. Essay Mla Heading. areas of psychology and these areas include Developmental psychology , Cognitive psychology , Behavioral . Human Trafficking Argumentative. psychology , and essay mla heading format, Social psychology . While in this course I was able to learn not only about the essays working class history areas of psychology , but also learned a lot about myself. Essay Format. Within this paper, I will explain each major area of psychology and I will also explain personality, how it is measured, and how it is used in psychology . Uk Help. I will also explain the importance of knowing the nervous system while learning psychology . I also. Mla Heading. Behavior , Behaviorism , Cognition 1066 Words | 3 Pages. ap psychology chapter 3 outline from the myers textbook wickedsunshine398 AP . Psychology chpter 11 outline- Myers 8th edition textbook wickedsunshine398 ap psychology chapter 5 outline from the Myer's Psycholog. wickedsunshine398 chapter 9 ap psychology outline Memory Myers textbook wickedsunshine398 ap psychology chapter 7 outline wickedsunshine398 AP Psychology. Adult , Adulthood , Ageing 1098 Words | 12 Pages. ? Psychology Psychology is an academic and applied discipline that involves the scientific study of mental functions and . behaviors. Dramatic Essay 2nd Violin. A lot of persons mix psychology with psychiatry. Psychiatry is the mla heading format medical specialty devoted to the study, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of mental disorders. So, the difference between these two is that psychology is nothing about medicine.
It involves some science, yes, but just for port ac uk research. The definition of the name: Like a lot of words from our vocabulary. Behavior , Carl Jung , Developmental psychology 1988 Words | 7 Pages. ?History of Psychology Psychology is defined as the study of mla heading format behavior and mental processes. Philosophical interest in pierre le cid, the mind . and behavior dates back to essay mla heading the ancient civilizations of Egypt, Greece, China, and India. Psychology as a self-conscious field of experimental study began in 1879, when Wilhelm Wundt founded the first laboratory dedicated exclusively to psychological research in Leipzig. Wundt was also the first person who wrote the first textbook on psychology : Principles of Physiological.
Behavior , Behaviorism , Brain 1694 Words | 6 Pages. Practice Sat Essays. Cross-Cultural Considerations in essay format, Psychology. “Cross-cultural psychology is the essay study: of similarities and differences in individual psychological functioning in various cultural and . ethnocultural groups; of ongoing changes in variables reflecting such functioning; and of the relationships of psychological variables with sociocultural, ecological and biological variables” (Berry et al, 2012). Essay Mla Heading Format. Defining Cross-Cultural Psychology Berry et al (2012) define their topic using the English language, which of pierre le cid itself contains culturally-bound concepts. Archaeology , Colonialism , Culture 1436 Words | 4 Pages. is mla heading format, designed to assess your ability to apply the corneille le cid essay social psychology theories discussed in lectures to real world situations. Social . psychology is NOT a purely academic area – it is essay mla heading format, essential that you are able to understand how social psychology operates in the wider world. We cannot test the applications of my dissertation social psychology in an exam so this assignment aims to essay give you an opportunity to demonstrate your ability to recognise social psychology theories in action by le cid essay, completing a simple yet interesting.
Academia , American Psychological Association , Citation 1259 Words | 5 Pages. Rogers used numerous case studies to draw their conclusions about psychology . The danger of essay mla heading format assessing the essays class history outcome of case studies is that the . individual being studied may be atypical of the larger population. Researchers will try to ensure that their studies are geralnalizable, or applicable to similar circumstances because of the essay mla heading predictable outcomes of repeated tests. Trafficking Essay. Two important research methods associated with developmental psychology are cross-sectional and longitudinal studies. Two important. Applied psychology , Blind experiment , Causality 1470 Words | 5 Pages. Ap Euro Frq: Age of European Explorations. Essay. alan katz AP Euro Age of European Explorations The renaissance’s curiosity helped pave the way for the European age of exploration, which . took place from 1450 to dramatic essay 1525. There were many factors, including technological, economic, political, and religious ones.
The age was promoted by many specific factors, including the invention of caravels and other nautical inventions, the commercial and price revolutions, the new monarchs, and essay mla heading, the constant growth that the Catholic faith wanted. “God, glory. Age of Discovery , Atlantic Ocean , Christopher Columbus 833 Words | 3 Pages. Ms. Michelle P. Trangia Instructor 1. Define Psychology . Psychology is an academic and applied . discipline that involves the write uk help scientific study of mental functions and behaviors. Essay Format. Psychology has the immediate goal of understanding individuals and groups by both establishing general principles and researching specific cases, and by many accounts it ultimately aims to benefit society. The word psychology literally means, study of the soul (from the Greek word psukhe, meaning. Essays In Canadian. Albert Bandura , Behavior , Behaviorism 953 Words | 4 Pages. Contribution to Psychology Jersey Hosier Northcentral University Abstract This entry wills exam the different approached both Howard . Gardner and mla heading, Edward Zigler had on the field of psychology . The examination will also include the port cgi search different obstacles and specific kinds of essay mla heading resistance the experienced. The comparison will also contain a select few similarities they experienced while contributing to the field of psychology . Zigler and Gardner’s Separate Contribution to Psychology Perhaps. Accept , Clinical psychology , Graduate school 904 Words | 3 Pages.
Tyler Browne Psychology 1 Tues. Thurs. 9:30 – 1:45 Psychology Reflection Paper The top ten things that I learned this . semester in psychology were as follows; The importance of sleep, the negative effects that stress has on your body and brain, the process of human argumentative essay outline neurogenesis, the essay mla heading format knowledge I gained about psychological disorders and essay, their symptoms, effective and healthy ways to cope with stress, the treatment of psychological disorders, variations in consciousness, motivation, psychological experiment. Brain , Emotion , Mind 1659 Words | 5 Pages. Mla Heading Format. Sigmund Freud was the founder of psychoanalysis and the psychodynamic approach to psychology . This school of thought emphasized the influence . of outline theunconscious mind on behavior. Freud believed that the human mind was composed of three elements: the format id, the ego, and the superego. Freud's theories ofpsychosexual stages , the sat essays unconscious, and dream symbolism remain a popular topic among both psychologists and format, laypersons, despite the fact that his work is viewed with skepticism by many today. . Carl Jung , Consciousness , Mind 671 Words | 3 Pages. ?Describe the behaviourist approach in psychology and class, evaluate the research methods used by behaviourist psychologists. The behaviourist . approach in psychology states that all behaviour is learnt from experience and essay format, from the environment we are in. John Locke (1690) a psychologist described the mind as ‘Tabula Rasa’, believing when we are born our minds are completely blank slates, and that all of our behaviour is trafficking argumentative essay outline, dependent upon our interactions and experiences with the environment. Behaviourists. Behaviorism , Classical conditioning , Extinction 1959 Words | 5 Pages.
give an overview of the format evolution of cognitive psychology . In this overview the term cognition will be defined as it relates to cognitive . Human Trafficking. psychology and explain the interdisciplinary perspective. In providing an overview this paper will describe how cognitive psychology emerged as a discipline and address the essay format manner in which the decline of behaviorism affected cognitive psychology . Dissertations. Cognitive Psychology In order to mla heading format discuss cognitive psychology the term cognition must be defined (Gardner, 1987). Behaviorism , Cognition , Cognitive psychology 1191 Words | 4 Pages. Enduring Issues in practice sat essays, Psychology Toni Blake • Which Type of Psychotherapy Is Most Useful? • Psychotherapy should focus on unconscious . Essay Format. traumas • Psychotherapy should focus on irrational thought processes • Psychotherapy should focus on an individual’s potential • Psychotherapy should focus on uk help, changing • What Is Personality and How Is It Measured? • Unconscious instincts motivate personality • Social feeling motivates personality • A hierarchy of needs motivates personality • Personality. Cognitive psychology , Developmental psychology , Mental disorder 674 Words | 4 Pages. experiments in social psychology drawing on the cognitive social perspective and one of the other three perspectives in the module (discursive . psychological, phenomenological or social psychoanalytic). Mla Heading Format. This essay will provide a description of the experimental method for le cid both the cognitive social perspective and social psychoanalytic perspective.
A compare and contrast will be given for essay mla heading format the two perspectives in a critical evaluation as an approach to write doing research in social psychology . Mla Heading Format. The cognitive. Cognition , Psychoanalysis , Psychology 1430 Words | 5 Pages. Danielle Christian AP Bio FRQ #2 January 22nd, 2013 A.) Graph #1 A.) Calculation The rate of reaction from 0-30 minutes . is 0.34667; r=10.4?M /30 minutes B.) Explanation The reaction was observed after 30 minutes because the reaction rate eventually slows down and the enzyme reaches its maximum potential. Since the enzyme is using the substrate so quickly, the substrates concentration depletes. That means the rate will slow down.
Our graph shows that after about 40 minutes, the human argumentative essay enzyme. Essay Mla Heading. Chemical reaction , Enzyme , Enzyme substrate 375 Words | 2 Pages. Human Argumentative Outline. ? AP Euro FRQ Even though the renaissance had begun in main Italian city states by 1347, the rest of essay Europe was still . basically Medieval in culture and write my dissertation uk help, outlook. Analyze how the Black Death put an end on to this medieval culture and essay, hastened the development of the renaissance.” The Bubonic plague, also known as Black Death invaded the bodies of 50% of the trafficking essay outline English population, flourishing them with welts, 104-degree temperatures, bruising, wretched stench, coughing and mla heading, death within 24 hours. Black Death , Bubonic plague , Europe 579 Words | 2 Pages. A.P.
Psychology Crib Notes People: Wundt- Father of Psychology : Introspection Wertheimer- Gestalt Psychology . Titchner- Structuralism James- Functionalism Watson- Behaviorism; Little Albert Study Freud- Psychoanalytic; dream analysis; free association; structure of personality; stages of development; defense mechanisms Milgram- Obedience; Ethics Broca- left frontal lobe: associated with expressive language Wernike- left frontal lobe: receptive language Pavlov- Classical conditioning. Clinical psychology , Developmental psychology , Erikson's stages of psychosocial development 1534 Words | 8 Pages. Argumentative Essay Outline. Associate Level Material Appendix C Psychotherapy Matrix Directions: Review Module 36 of Psychology and essay, Your Life. Select three . Practice Sat Essays. approaches to summarize. Mla Heading. Include examples of the types of psychological disorders appropriate for each therapy. | | | | |Summary of |Shortest approach, lasts about trafficking outline, 20 sessions and no longer. Anxiety , Cognitive behavioral therapy , Fear 358 Words | 3 Pages. program to get this class out essay mla heading of the way. I learned the my dissertation knowledge bases of mla heading format psychology , critical thinking of pierre psychology , . applications of psychological principles and concepts and personal and professional development. Essay Mla Heading. These knowledge bases that was in write uk help, our syllabus and we really learned on these levels of knowledge and I will be able to reflection on these throughout my life time in my own life and career. Developmental Psychology is essay mla heading format, defined as the scientific study of changes that occurs in sat essays, human beings. Death , Developmental psychology , Erik Erikson 1059 Words | 3 Pages.
10/7/12 AP : Advanced Placement or Absolute Pain? “Are you ready for a unique learning experience that . will help you succeed in college? Through AP’s college-level course and exams, you can earn college credit and advanced placement, stand out in the admission process, and essay format, learn from some of the most skilled, dedicated, and inspiring teachers in the world.” This excerpt comes from the main web page about AP course on College Board’s official website. In 1900. Advanced Placement , Educational programs , Harlan Hanson 2343 Words | 6 Pages. is hypothesized that the argumentative essay outline participants who watched violent videotape would list down a higher number of mla heading format aggressive associations to dramatic essay the homonyms in comparisons . to mla heading format those who watched a non-violent videotape (Bushman, 1998). My Dissertation Uk Help. The participants were 200 psychology undergraduate students who voluntarily participated, 100 of essay which are men and another 100 are women. One group of participants were tasked to watch violent videotape and another group of participants were tasked to watch a non-violent videotape. Aggression , Graphic violence , Media violence research 1216 Words | 4 Pages. anxiety, less depression. By Michael Otto, Ph.D. and sat essays, Jasper Smits, Ph.D. Dan Edmunds, Ed.D., D.D., B.C.S.A. Extreme States of Mind Helping the . developmentally different.
Harry Harlow and Mary Ainsworth are two famous psychologist who provided us series of experiments to understand the attachment in terms of mla heading format psychology . HarryHarlow started the experiments on monkeys and Mary Ainsworth focused on human infants’ behaviour. There are various similarities and differences in their sets. Essay. Attachment measures , Attachment theory , Harry Harlow 1439 Words | 4 Pages. Essay Mla Heading. Environmental Psychology PSY/460 Environmental Psychology . Environmental psychology was established as an independent discipline in the 1950’s and sat essays, 1960’s that studied the environmental features as well as human behavior in the physical and sociophysical environment. Research was focused to have a solid understanding of the mla heading format environmental physical features of the essay outline environment and essay mla heading, effect toward human behavior. At the beginning of. Biodiversity , Ecology , Environment 918 Words | 4 Pages. Social Psychology By: Virginia Gabbard University of Phoenix Social Psychology /PSY555 April 2, 2012 . Kimberly Kinsey, PhD Social Psychology Social psychology is the understanding of individual behavior in social environments.
Per McLeod (2007) “the scientific field that seeks to understand the nature and causes of individual behavior in social situations.” Social psychology studies how human behavior is influenced. Behavior , Culture , Identity 2030 Words | 6 Pages.
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Essay: The Salem Witchcraft Trials. The Salem Witchcraft trials in Massachusetts during 1692 resulted in nineteen innocent men and women being hanged, one man pressed to death, and in the deaths of more than seventeen who died in jail. Essay Mla Heading. It all began at the end of 1691 when a few girls in the town began to experiment with magic by gathering around a crystal ball to try to find the answer to questions such as “what trade their sweet harts should be of “. This conjuring took place in the Parris household where a woman named Tituba, an dramatic, Indian slave, headed the rituals. Soon after they had begun to essay mla heading format practice these rituals, girls who had been involved, including the Master Parris’ daughter and niece, became sick. Human Trafficking. They had constant fits, twitched, cried, made odd noises, and huddled in corners. Mla Heading. The family called in doctors, and they were treated for many illnesses.
Nothing helped. Many weeks later after running out of reasons for their strange behavior, all of their symptoms seemed to lead to one belief, “The evil hand is upon them.” They were possessed by my dissertation, the Devil. At first the families of the children could not find anyone to accuse for being the witch responsible for possessing the mla heading format, children. 2nd Violin. Then, late in February of 1692, Parris’ neighbor, Mary Sibley recommended that Parris’ slaves, Tituba and John Indian, should work a spell to try to essay format find the culprits. Even after trying this solution the girls’ condition worsened, and essay 2nd violin, the people responsible still had not been found. The girls began to see hazy shadows and believed that these shadows were of the people who had done this to them.
After more and mla heading format, more children became victims of this, the hunting for the witches who were to blame for the girls’ sickness began to get more serious. By the end of February 1692, not one, but three witches had been named. Ac Uk Cgi Search. These women were Sarah Good, Sarah Osborne, and Tituba, all residents of Salem Village. Sarah Good was a poor “socially undesirable” member of the village of Salem which made her susceptible to accusations of essay being a witch and of practicing black magic. She was well known in the village for her eccentric behavior, and in the past people had suspected her of being a witch. Her husband, William Good, was a simple laborer and essays in canadian, his inadequate income forced the Goods to accept charity and to beg for goods from their neighbors. Sometimes they even had to live with their neighbors, but this never lasted long. Sarah Good’s actions and behaviors would often cause unrest in the hosts and their families, and then the Good family would be asked to leave. A few of the villagers they stayed with reported that their livestock would begin to sicken and format, die after the Goods were forced to leave.
More than fifteen families claimed that Sarah Good bewitched their livestock while others reported that she could make objects disappear into thin air. When Good was questioned about port ac uk these accusations, her answers were always tight-lipped and aggressive, further leading the people to believe that she was in fact a witch. Sarah Osborne was also one of the first three women accused of putting spells on the girls and possessing them. Unlike Tituba and Sarah Good, however, she was from a very wealthy household. Although it is believed sometimes that only essay mla heading, poor people were accused of working class being witches, in the Salem Witchcraft Trials, this was not true, as in essay mla heading format, the case of Osborne. In Canadian. Women and men accused of being witches were either looked down upon in the community or envied for their land and wealth, as Sarah Osborne was in Salem. Tituba, like Good, was very poor. Mla Heading Format. She worked as a servant in the Parris home and le cid essay, was a Carib Indian born in format, Barbados in the West Indies. Essays Working Class. Reverend Parris brought Tituba to New England when he was still a merchant, and after this she married John Indian who also worked as slave for Reverend Parris. Tituba was the person asked to aid with the girls’ illnesses by making a witch’s cake to find their culprit and after this did not work, she was arrested four days later for being a witch herself. Each of these three women was examined by local Salem officials before they were sent off to await trial in a Boston jail.
The girls, who these witches had supposedly inflicted sickness upon, were also present during these trials to show the court how much pain the three women had caused. During the trial Sarah Good kept insisting that she was not guilty but rather that she had been wrongly accused. When asked why she hurts the innocent children she responded, “I do not hurt them. I scorn it.” Then, she attempted to essay format shift all blame onto le cid Sarah Osborne who in turn responded with disbelief. She said that she “was more like to be bewitched than she was a witch.” While Good and essay, Osborne were trying to defend themselves, Tituba confessed, most likely in in canadian class history, fear of her Master, Reverend Parris. When asked who was to blame for all the possessed girls she responded, “The devil for aught I know.” Tituba told the whole court about mla heading format her pact with the Devil and the type of wonderful things he gave her in return for sat essays her service and loyalty to him.
Then, after she was done telling her story, when the magistrate asked her who she had seen doing the witchcraft, Tituba says, “Goody Osborn and Sarah Good and I do not know who the other were. Sarah Good and Osborn would have me hurt the mla heading, children but I would not . Dissertations Ac Uk Cgi Search. . Format. . Uk Help. ” So according to Tituba there were still witches out essay mla heading there bewitching innocent children. After Tituba’s confession, the entire community of Salem increased their efforts to find the witches who were bringing such horrible events to their village. Ac Uk Cgi Search. The children still were not able to come up with names for their perpetrators until a little thirteen-year-old girl, Ann Putnam, cried out the name of Martha Corey. Corey, like Osborne, was not poor at all. While she was being tried, Martha Corey had the essay mla heading, audacity to laugh at questions presented to her. She acted naive and said she did not even know if there were any witches in New England She also labeled herself as a “Gospel-woman.” Her presence and attitude during the trial led many to believe that she was in dissertations port ac uk, fact guilty of practicing witchcraft. From this point on, after Ann Putnam’s accusation, the females of Salem showed no hesitation in naming the witches who had brought this upon them. The number of women accused was monumental, and the court had very little time to examine each accusation thoroughly. Mla Heading Format. Soon, anyone who was called a witch was jailed, whether it was a man, woman, child, or adult. Trafficking Argumentative Essay. Even Dorcas Good, the four-year-old daughter of Sarah Good was accused and thrown into jail; a four-year-old child who was barely old enough to essay mla heading make coherent sentences, was convicted of being a witch and “taking supernatural revenge on the possessed for taking away her parents.” This is how paranoid the people of Salem had become.
Everyone jumped at the mention of a witch, afraid that they would be the next person to become a possessed victim of their mysterious black magic. The villagers went from the essay, four-year-old girl to seventy-one-year-old Rebecca Nurse followed by forty-seven-year-old Elizabeth Proctor. Mla Heading. Both of port cgi search these women who were from very wealthy, prosperous homes, were imprisoned because people thought Rebecca Nurse’s mother and essay mla heading, Proctor’s grandmother practiced black magic when they were alive. At this point, anyone who was a family member of an sat essays, accused witch was most likely to wind up in essay mla heading format, jail also. Next, John Proctor became the essay, first male to be charged for being a witch because he stood by his belief that his wife was innocent and spoke out against the court. The Salem Witchcraft Trials were completely outrageous, convicting women with no solid evidence other than a villager saying that they themselves had seen the person practicing black magic. No one in the court bothered to think that the format, witnesses could be lying and my dissertation, presenting false testimonies. After John Proctor a long list of alleged witches followed. Mary Easty and Sarah Cloyce, sisters of Rebecca Nurse who had expressed their negative feelings about the trials were locked up in jail.
Dorcas Hoar of Beverly, Susanna Martin of Amesbury, and Bridget Bishop of mla heading Salem Town were all taken to jail to be put on trial because they had been convicted of committing witchcraft crimes in the 1660’s, 16670’s, or 1680’s. Afterwards, many of Elizabeth Proctor’s children were named along with her sister and sister-in-law. Likewise, Martha Corey’s husband was put in jail to pierre le cid essay be brought to trial. The most shocking was the essay mla heading format, arrest of George Burroughs, the onetime pastor of Salem Village church. Many villagers thought that he would have become the “Ring Leader of them all,” and port cgi search, so he was locked up. While accusations were occurring as routine events for the people of Salem, some came to essay mla heading format think that perhaps this outbreak was not related to witchcraft after all. A few in the village had doubted the validity of the port ac uk, trials from the beginning, and essay mla heading, as time went on they felt more confident and sure that their beliefs were true.
The protests from the people against pierre essay the trials were not heard at first, and the members of the court insisted on treating people accused of being witches as the Devil’s servants. Most ministers of Salem warned the government against accepting these testimonies from the very start of the trials. They said the spirits the girls saw could be just hallucinations resulting from their sickness, or they could be the Devil in disguise, but the essay, government officials simply ignored them. Justice Nathanial Saltonstall also apparently disagreed with the ways of the court because he resigned from dramatic 2nd violin his position after the first witchcraft trial. Chief Justice Stoughton, however, thought that the evil spirits would not disguise themselves to people who were willing to cooperate with them. The trials now became even more complicated because people would confess out of fear of the magistrates’ accusations and the girls’ convulsions. Now that the accusations were flying back and essay mla heading, forth in dramatic, full swing, anybody and essay, everybody came to the court to put their two cents in. Hundreds of these local residents came into the court to help testify against crimes alleged witches had committed years, even decades, before. Although many people volunteered to come forward and speak out against these witches, they were very concerned about maleficium, the ability of a witch to do harm to human trafficking argumentative another person through supernatural means. They were afraid that after testifying against essay the witch that she may put an evil spell on them.
Another concern was that the possessed would be forced to sign a Satanic pact, and if they did not do so then the witches would inflict pain upon them until they did. The number of accusations is what made the Salem case different from any other case of witchcraft. After the write uk help, executions began in 1692, officials began to deal with the problem of credibility by ignoring any accusations made against the wealthy, well-to-do members of the Salem society. At this point, close to two hundred people had been accused of witchcraft, and more than twenty-five people had died because of the trials. The trials in format, themselves were a big contradiction. People who pleaded innocent were tortured until they “confessed” that they were guilty. One form of torture was the accused would be pressed by a heavy weight until they confessed.
Giles Corey, husband of Martha Corey, was pressed to death when he refused say that he was involved with the Devil, and uk help, that he was, in fact, guilty. Essay Format. One form of torture, though, was even more absurd. Essay 2nd Violin. The witch’s head would be forced underwater and kept there for a certain period of time. If she came up alive everyone said she had magical powers which kept her from mla heading drowning, and then she would be executed. If when they lifted her up she was dead then she was presumed innocent, but that was completely pointless.
Either way the accused were killed. These were a few examples of preposterous tortures against the people. The credibility of these trials was challenged multiple times by many people. These people protesting against the trials varied. Some were villagers and some were authoritative figures in human trafficking argumentative, the community.
One of these people was Increase Mather, who wrote Cases of Conscience. He stopped short of calling the possessed girls liars but instead called them “Deamoniacks” as “mouthpieces for the Father of Lyes.” He also argued that “no juror can with a safe Conscience look on the Testimony of such, as sufficient to format take away the Life of any Man even if the possessed normally knew their real tormentors.” He said the human trafficking argumentative outline, supposed psychic abilities these girls came to have after being possessed should be ignored because God “has taught us not to receive the essay mla heading format, Devil’s Testimony in any thing.” Mather also claimed that confessing witches were also “not such credibly witnesses.” He told the people that witches sometimes lied outright with no shame about their rituals and about the practice sat essays, names of their various “Associates in mla heading format, that Trade.” Other times Satan filled their heads to make them “dream strange things of essays working class themselves and others which are not so.” This work is what eventually led to the end of the witchcraft trials in Salem, Massachusetts. Mather’s son, Cotton Mather, also agreed with his father on the matter of the witchcraft trials but he then reported in the Wonders of the Invisible World that the essay mla heading, court had listened carefully to the different eyewitnesses and defendants along with the essay, spectral evidence. Finally, in October of essay format 1693, so many people were doubting the guiltiness of the witches that Governor Phips, governor of Massachusetts, decided to stop the trials and the executions. They realized that the trials should not continue due to lack of evidence and credibility of the trafficking, witnesses. Many people accused others of being witches if they disliked them or if they were outsiders in society. Witches on trial were encouraged to mla heading give names of their fellow witches and/or to confess to their evil deeds, and in exchange they would be granted a less severe punishment. Because of this, the witches on trial would confess even if they were innocent, and they would also accuse other innocent people of being witches.
The government saw that there was no real way to make sure the sat essays, person was a witch before executing them and that there was a great chance that they may be killing innocent people. People were still being accused of being witches even after the trials were suspended, but the mla heading format, charges were not taken seriously. Now the dramatic 2nd violin, question was how to handle the rest of the cases of the people still locked up in the jails awaiting their doom filled trials. Because the possessed could not testify and mla heading format, the magistrates were reluctant to accept any more false statements, by the month of May 1694, the few men and women left in the jails were sent back to their homes. Even the sat essays, witches who had been tried already and convicted were let free to return to their normal lifestyles. Format. Although there were still some being accused of witchcraft in other towns the my dissertation, cases went unheeded. This chaotic time was for the most part over. Mostly all confessing witches during this period were females ranging in age from less than ten to essay mla heading more than seventy. Out of the forty-eight possessed, mostly were females. Forty-four percent of the possessed were females between the ages of sixteen to twenty who were “single-women” or “maids” in seventeenth century terms. Trafficking Essay. Another 38 percent were over twenty while 18 percent were under sixteen.
Three-fourths of the essay mla heading, non-possessed accusers whose main concern was maleficium were men. In 1711, the legislature passed the Reversal of Attainder, which was an essays class, act to clear the essay mla heading, names of everyone jailed during the in canadian class history, trials. Massachusetts also repaid the survivors and essay mla heading, the heirs for jail and court fees and for some property that the government had taken away from pierre essay them. Essay Mla Heading Format. The government also wrote up a sincere apology for my dissertation uk help their mistake in proceeding with the trials when there was no solid evidence and for possibly executing innocent people.(See Appendix 1A) As time passed many people wondered what was the purpose of the Salem Witchcraft Trials? Why were so many innocent people jailed or even killed?
How could anyone have hanged their neighbor for mla heading being a witch? People pondered on what kind of an illness could have been mistaken for the symptoms of possession, but some thought that the dissertations port ac uk, possessed were simply liars and essay mla heading format, fools. Many times, the Puritans were blamed for the trials, encouraging witchcraft fears, and the number of pierre le cid essay people affected by them. Some people believe that the Puritans blamed anyone who was different as being a witch. Format. This was because the Puritans had always suspected, as one of their main beliefs, that the Devil envied their way of life and was constantly trying his best to ac uk cgi search make their lives miserable. Their goal in format, life was to “purify the organization of their church” and to rid it of any sign of the sat essays, Devil.
By accusing so many people of being witches, they thought they were just purifying the essay, church and essay, their community. Most of the time, credibility of an accusation was not checked thoroughly, instead the person accused was simply locked up in essay, jail until their trial time came. Even then, if they did not confess to being guilty, they were punished sometimes even killed. Although the law is innocent until proven guilty, and had been practiced before the trials, in the case of the witchcraft trials, the accused witches were guilty until proven innocent. Not many were given the chance to prove themselves to be innocent. 1. Karlsen Carol, The Devil in the Shape of a Woman (New York: Vintage Books, 2. Guilley Ellen, Witches and Witchcraft (New York: Facts on File, 1989), 152.
3. Trask Richard, Salem Village and dramatic, the Witch Hysteria (New York: Golden Owl. Publishing Company, 1991), 185. 4. Wilson, Lori Lee, The Salem Witch Trials (Minneapolis: Lerner Publishing Company, 1997) 5. Hoffer Peter, The Salem Witchcraft Trials: A Legal History (Kansas: University Press of Kansas, 1997), 212. 6. Rosenthal Bernard, Salem Story: Reading the Witch Trials of 1692 (Cambridge. England: Cambridge University Press, 1993), 132. 7. Concle Maryse, I, Tituba, Black Witch of Salem (Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1992), 178.
9. Roach, Marilynne, In the Days of the Salem Witchcraft Trials (Boston: Houghton. Mifflin Company, 1996), 94. 10. Hill, Frances, A Delusion of Satan: the Full Story of the essay mla heading format, Salem Witch Trials (New York: Doubleday, 1995), 76. 11. Sat Essays. Barstow, Anne, Witchcraze, A New History of the European Witch Hunts (California: Pandora, 1994), 79. 21.
Zeinert, Karen. Mla Heading Format. The Salem Witchcraft Trials, (New York: F. Watts, 1989),