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Monique R. Morgan, “The Eruption of Krakatoa (also known as Krakatau) in 1883? This essay gives a brief overview of the new job application, events of 26-27 August 1883, when the volcanic island of Krakatoa in Indonesia exploded; it generated tsunamis which killed over chuck 36,000 people, was heard 3,000 miles away, and produced measurable changes in sea level and air pressure across the world. The essay then discusses the findings of the Royal Society’s Report on Krakatoa, and the reports in the periodical press of lurid sunsets resulting from Krakatoa’s dust moving through the atmosphere. It closes by examining literature inspired by Krakatoa, including a letter by Gerard Manley Hopkins, a poem by Alfred Tennyson, and novels by R. M. Ballantyne and M. P. Shiel. On 27 August 1883, after a day of alarming volcanic activity, an obscure, uninhabited island now widely known as Krakatoa (or Krakatau) erupted with a force more than ten thousand times that of the atomic bomb dropped on new job Hiroshima (Thornton 1). The world quickly took notice. Officials reported the eruption via undersea telegraph cables. People thousands of miles away heard the explosion, and instruments around the world recorded changes in air pressure and sea level. In the e procurement research, months that followed, newspapers and essay journals printed vivid accounts of thesis for architecture, spectacular sunsets caused by fine particles that the volcano spewed into application, the upper atmosphere and that circled the globe, gradually spreading further north and south.
The Royal Society, a British academy of scientists, formed a special Krakatoa committee to collect these articles, other eye-witness testimony, and more precise data (such as barograph readings of air pressure) to analyze the material meticulously and to publish a thorough report of their findings. Krakatoa inspired not only scientific investigation, but also literary creations. Gerard Manley Hopkins published a letter describing the Krakatoa sunsets in evocative and figurative language. Alfred Lord Tennyson transmuted the crimson sunsets into the setting, and the dominant imagery, of part time bar work cover letter, his poem “St. Telemachus.” In Blown to Bits , R. M. Ballantyne interwove a detailed, factual account of Krakatoa’s destruction with an new job invented tale of exploration, revenge, and romance, centered on fictional characters who narrowly escape the eruption and tsunamis. Chuck Palahniuk 36 Essays! M. New Job Application! P. Shiel used a volcanic eruption as the major plot device in his last man novel, The Purple Cloud , and, in his depiction of a fictional eruption, Shiel mimicked the central place of the telegraph and palahniuk the periodical press for scientists’ and laymen’s knowledge of Krakatoa. The August 1883 eruption was not entirely unexpected, but nearly so. Krakatoa had erupted violently from May 1680 through November 1681 (Symons 10), but had then been dormant for two centuries. New Job Essay! The volcano stirred to life on 20 May 1883 with a series of thesis synopsis, moderate eruptions (Symons 11). Locals took note but were not especially alarmed. In fact, the island briefly became a tourist attraction.
A steamship carrying an excursion party from Batavia (now called Jakarta) “reached the volcano on the Sunday morning, May the 27th, after witnessing, during the new job essay, night, several tolerably strong explosions, which were accompanied by earthquake-shocks” (Symons 12). Thesis! These visitors may have been foolhardy, but some were quite observant, and later were able to provide valuable data, such as estimates of the size of the crater, the frequency of explosions, and the height of the vapor column. One took a photograph of the volcano exploding; another collected a pumice sample (Symons 12-13). Essay! Eruptions continued in June and July, but, in the words of the Royal Society’s 1888 report, “in a district where earthquakes and chuck palahniuk 36 essays volcanic outbursts are so frequent, this eruption of Krakatoa during the summer months of 1883 . . . soon ceased to new job application attract any particular attention” (Symons 13). Residents of the Javan and Sumatran coasts near Krakatoa quickly became alarmed on 26 August 1883 when more serious explosions began, some accompanied by tsunamis (Thornton 11-12). The next morning the situation became much more dire. Thesis Synopsis! Four great explosions, the third of which was the application, strongest, occurred at 5:30 a.m., 6:44 a.m., 10:02 a.m., and 10:52a.m. Krakatoa time (Symons 22). Two-thirds of the island of critical ppt, Krakatoa disappeared (Symons 23), likely by collapsing into application essay, the hollow cavity left by the eruption of thesis generator, pumice (Simkin and Fiske 18).
The resultant dust cloud immersed in darkness a region extending to Batavia, nearly a hundred miles distant, and to some villages 130 to new job application 150 miles away (Symons 26-27). For those within a radius of 50 miles, the total darkness lasted over two days (Thornton 29). The greatest destruction was caused not by ash and fire but by water. Cover Letter! The most violent of the explosions, occurring at approximately 10:02 a.m. on 27 August 1883, triggered an immense tsunami. The Royal Society Report on Krakatoa “assumed that the actual height of the wave, before it reached the shore, was about 50 feet,” but it also cites some eyewitnesses on the Javan shore who estimated the wave was 100 to 135 feet (Symons 93); later investigators credit the larger estimates (Simkin and Fiske 15). Whatever its exact height, the wave was incredibly deadly and far-reaching. Officially, it killed 36,417 inhabitants of coastal towns and application essay villages, though more may have died (Thornton 13; Simkin and Fiske 15), and its faint remnants were detected as far away as the English Channel (Thornton 18). The 10:02 a.m. explosion also produced the furthest-travelling audible sound in recorded history (Thornton 1); it was heard over almost one-thirteenth of the earth’s surface, including at Rodrigues Island approximately 3,000 miles across the e procurement research papers, Indian Ocean from Krakatoa (Symons 79). The reason such a violent eruption occurred at new job essay, Krakatoa, rather than some other location, was partially understood by late-nineteenth-century science. According to the Royal Society’s 1888 Report on Krakatoa’s eruption, “The marked linear arrangement in this immense chain of volcanic mountains [across Java and Sumatra] points to the existence of a great fissure in the earth’s crust, along which the subterranean energy has been manifested” (Symons 4).
At the Straight of film generator, Sunda, a second fissure crosses it almost at a right angle (Symons 4), and new job application essay Krakatoa lies “at the point of intersection of these two great lines of volcanic fissure” (Symons 5; see Fig. 1). Figure 1: Map from the Royal Society Report, labeled “Sketch-map of the Sunda Strait, showing the thesis synopsis for architecture, lines of volcanic fissure which appear to traverse the new job application essay, district” (Symons 4) Modern geology affirms this general idea, but offers a more specific explanation for the convergence of volcanic activity. In an ocean trench near Sumatra and Java, two tectonic plates collide in what is called a subduction zone, and the Indo-Australian plate is forced under the Asian plate into the molten mantle below (Thornton 41). As the process ppt, Indo-Australian plate slides downward, some of it melts, and new job application the range of volcanoes results from this molten magma occasionally rising to chuck palahniuk the earth’s surface and essay erupting (Thornton 41). As Ian Thornton summarizes, “Geologists have shown that the rate of subduction of oceanic crust is faster, and thinking nursing ppt the angle of subduction shallower, along the Sumatran trench than along the Javan trench. The change is abrupt and occurs at Sunda Strait” (43), the fulcrum around which Sumatra has slowly rotated twenty degrees clockwise in relation to new job application essay Java over thinking nursing ppt the past two million years (Thornton 42-43). Krakatoa’s unique position as a center of volcanic and application tectonic activity is now well understood, but several other aspects of the nursing ppt, 1883 eruption are still open to scientific debate. Explanations for the cause of the third great explosion and the accompanying tsunami generally fall into two competing camps, with some arguing for an upward explosion as seawater reacted with hot magma, and others for application the downward collapse of the volcano’s walls.
Simkin and thesis Fiske consider the debate settled: “Verbeek, the Dutch Mining engineer studying Krakatau immediately after the eruption, correctly deduced that the new job application essay, missing portion of the island had collapsed into the circular void left by the eruption of palahniuk, huge volumes of pumice. Alternative explanations, such as the new job application essay, forceful blasting out of the missing portion of Krakatau, have not been supported, and Krakatau remains a type example of caldera collapse” (18). Thornton, however, thinks these key questions remain unresolved and suggests that “[i]t is likely that during the course of so complex an eruption many events cited as evidence for the competing theories occurred” (39). Scientists also continue to scrutinize Krakatoa as a case study in the formation and development of an island ecosystem. Much of the of extensionality, attraction stems from Krakatoa’s likely status as an ecological tabula rasa in essay the immediate aftermath of the 1883 eruption; most biologists who have studied the island group agree that no life forms survived. Subsequent volcanic activity at Krakatoa has provided an even clearer example of an island completely devoid of life progressing toward a complex ecosystem. On 26 January 26 1928, a new volcanic ash island broke through the sea’s surface; it was later named Anak Krakatau (Krakatau’s Child) (Thornton 132). Of Extensionality! The new island was destroyed by sea erosion three times, but in August 1929 a fourth version of the new job application essay, island arose and thesis became a permanent fixture in the Krakatoa island group (Thornton 133). The emerging ecosystems on both the new job application, remnants of the old Krakatoa islands and on Anak Krakatau could provide guidance for part time cover reconstructing ecosystems that have been devastated by new job, human activity, such as logging and mining (Thornton 251). E Procurement! As Thornton explains, the rules by which different species arrive and interact in essay a new ecosystem “appear to depend strongly on the historical context” (262), and Krakatoa offers an part unusually thorough historical record for new job application current scientists because of the sustained and systematic attention it has received since 1883. Such attention, from thesis scientists and laymen around the globe, began within hours of the eruption, because news of it travelled rapidly via the worldwide network of telegraph lines. “The instantaneity of the telegraph reports,” Richard Hamblyn argues, “create[ed] an new job essay entirely new category of disaster: the universal news event, a story followed, in the case of Krakatau, by more than half the world’s population” (179).
The telegrams themselves are startling, and display a “terse eloquence” (Simkin and e procurement research papers Fiske 15). A telegram sent from Batavia to Singapore on 27 August 1883 reads: Noon . —Serang in total darkness all morning—stones falling. Village near Anjer washed away. Batavia now almost quite dark—gas lights extinguished during the night—unable communicate with Anjer—fear calamity there—several bridges destroyed, river having overflowed through rush sea inland. (qtd. in Simkin and Fiske 14) Calamity had, indeed, struck Anjer: at approximately 9:00 that morning, a large wave had inundated the application, coastal town (Simkin and school generator Fiske 38). Application Essay! A few residents survived because they had fled a prior wave and had run to higher ground. Amongst them was Anjer’s recently appointed Telegraph-master, who was later able to provide a harrowing eyewitness account of events (Simkin and Fiske 69-73, 80-81). Thinking Process Ppt! Despite, or perhaps because of, the horrifying nature of the eruption, some of the telegrams from new job application Batavia are almost poetic in thinking nursing their condensed eloquence and evocative figurative language.
A telegram sent around noon on 28 August proclaimed, “Where once Mount Krakatau stood the sea now plays,” conveying calm, eerie beauty amid the desolation (qtd. in new job Simkin and Fiske 14). The telegraph coverage also enabled a more thorough scientific investigation of the eruption’s global effects, as Tom Simkin and Richard S. Fiske stress in their magisterial centennial review of Krakatoa: Telegrams bearing news of the Krakatau eruption spread quickly and palahniuk accounts soon appeared in essay newspapers around the world. . . . Much of the part time cover letter, importance of the Krakatau eruption stems from the fact that its news traveled so fast, because the eruption’s effects also traveled far beyond the essay, Sunda Straits and observations made a great distance from the volcano could be connected to the eruption. (15) Because the global scope of both Krakatoa’s effects and the news of its eruption quickly reached many interested observers, “for the critical process, first time, discrete local observations . . . New Job! assumed a contemporary global significance” (Hamblyn 179), and the eruption generated a wealth of potential data. On 17 January 1884, the of extensionality, Royal Society, led by its president Thomas Henry Huxley, made use of this potential when it resolved that a committee would “collect the new job application, various accounts of the volcanic eruption at Krakatoa, and chuck palahniuk 36 essays attendant phenomena, in such form as shall best provide for new job essay their preservation, and of extensionality promote their usefulness” (Symons iii). (On Huxley, see Jonathan Smith, “The Huxley-Wilberforce ‘Debate’ on Evolution, 30 June 1860.?) It was not the first scientific group devoted to studying Krakatoa: three months earlier, on 4 October 1883, the Dutch Indian Government had appointed the Dutch Scientific Commission, led by the geologist R. D. Essay! M. Verbeek, to study the thesis of extensionality, eruption. Verbeek’s report was published in application two parts, in Dutch in 1884 and 1885, and in French in 1885 and 1886 (Symons 2). The Royal Society’s report, published in 1888, frequently refers to Verbeek’s findings, but it also includes a large quantity of independently collected data. Of Extensionality! The Royal Society was able to amass an extraordinary amount of information by soliciting the public’s help. The committee placed an advertisement in the London Times in essay February 1884 asking for “authenticated facts” and published papers concerning drifts of pumice, changes in barometric pressure and sea level, locations where explosions were heard, and unusual optical effects in the atmosphere (Symons iv). After it received numerous accounts from scientists and amateur observers, the multidisciplinary committee spent 28 months analyzing the data and time bar work cover letter writing the new job essay, report, which was edited by G. J. Symons, the committee’s chair (Symons vi). The Times ad requested that “[c]orrespondents . . . be very particular in giving the research papers, date, exact time (stating whether Greenwich or local), and position whence all recorded facts were observed” (Symons iv).
Such specificity was essential for calculating the distances and velocities of the oceanic and atmospheric phenomena associated with the eruption. One such phenomenon was the unusually long-lasting and far-travelling air wave created by one of Krakatoa’s explosions, which was especially noteworthy because “large air waves passing round the earth’s surface had not previously been observed as a result of volcanic eruptions” (Thornton 17). Application! The air wave expanded outward from Krakatoa until it formed a circle around the earth’s circumference, then it contracted to a point on the globe directly opposite of extensionality, Krakatoa (a point which happens to lie near Bogota, Colombia [Thornton 17]). The air wave then continued away from application Bogota and back toward Krakatoa, and palahniuk 36 essays the process repeated. According to Simkin and application Fiske, “Every recording barograph in the world documented the passage of the airwave” (15). Some of them registered the statement generator, air wave a total of seven times: four times as the wave travelled outward from Krakatoa, three as it returned toward the volcano (Symons 63). The committee used the precise times and locations of the barogram readings to calculate the speed of the air waves, which ranged from new job essay 674 to 726 miles per hour, “very nearly the of extensionality, characteristic velocity of sound” (Symons 72). The committee also discussed the speed at new job application, which fine ash and thesis statement generator dust travelled through the upper atmosphere. Scientists inferred the presence of microscopic particles from the application, unusual atmospheric effects they produced, which included intense and thinking nursing process long-lasting sunsets, a blue or green tinge to application essay the sun and moon, and a large, corona-like haze around the sun. Reverend Sereno E. Bishop in Honolulu, for whom the corona-like “Bishop’s Ring” was named, “was the first to critical ppt document the new job essay, westward movement around the equator of the high-altitude eruptive products (what he called the Equatorial Smoke Stream) as evidenced by part time bar work letter, their atmospheric effects” (Thornton 23). The Royal Society report further analyzed the direction and speed of the particulates based on the first onset of the characteristic atmospheric phenomena, and thus provided the “first evidence of circulation patterns in the stratosphere” (Thornton 25).
The Krakatoa committee discovered that the equatorial smoke stream made a complete circuit around the new job application essay, globe several times, each time taking about thirteen days (Symons 322), “mov[ing] at about 73 miles an hour from east to west, and gradually spread[ing] southwards and school statement northwards” (Symons 325). By tracking the dates, the atmospheric effects first appeared at various locations and extrapolating backward in time, the committee verified their origin was around the Strait of Sunda, where Krakatoa had stood (Symons 179). Some of the descriptions are remarkably precise about not only the date and essay geographical location where a sunset afterglow was first observed, but also about the timing and location in the sky of its particular colors. F. Statement! A. Rollo Russell, who compiled the Royal Society Report’s section on the unusual twilight glows, included his own description of the new job application, 11 December 1883 sunset in chuck Surrey: At 4.15 green spot about 10° above the horizon. Pink up to and beyond zenith, and on both sides . . . . Whole sky at 4.15 appearing covered with a sea of streaky cloud film, regularly ranged S.S.W. to N.N.E.; no appearance of a radiant point. At 4.20 spot of green being closed in by bright pink all over western sky . . . . At 4.30 pink edge about 22° from horizon.
Green sunk beyond horizon. At 4.36 pink, about 15°. Sky blue. At 4.41 edge of red glow about application essay, 10° above horizon. (Symons 164) Such precision about the order and duration of the film generator, sunset colors allowed the committee to hypothesize the composition of the stratospheric particles from Krakatoa: “small reflecting dust, partially transparent and partially opaque, or else . Application Essay! . . a mixture of thesis synopsis for architecture, transparent spherules and fragments” (Symons 186).
More recent studies have arrived at a more complete understanding of the optics involved. H. H. Lamb, writing in 1970, explains the new job application, interaction of particles of different diameters with light of different wavelengths (and hence different colors). Lamb argues that volcanic dust smaller than ? micrometer (? µm = 1/51,000 inch) produces especially red suns, while blue suns and moons are produced by thesis synopsis, larger particles of new job application, 1 to chuck 5 µm, and new job application the Bishop’s rings seen after Krakatoa resulted from many particles in the narrow size range of 0.8 to cover 1 µm (qtd. in Simkin and Fiske 404-05). Since larger dust particles fall out of the application essay, atmosphere more quickly and do not spread as far, “the bigger the particles the rarer, more localized and e procurement short-lived the occurrence” (Lamb, qtd. In Simkin and Fiske 407); hence the large temporal and application essay geographical range of the lurid red sunsets, and more limited range of the blue and green suns. The widespread sunset effects attracted the attention of many observers, and the Royal Society Report quotes extensively from 36 essays accounts of the sunsets previously published in the periodical press. One such account is the poet Gerard Manley Hopkins’s letter in the 3 January 1884 edition of Nature . The Royal Society Report offers this summary: Mr. Gerard Hopkins of Stonyhurst College, notes the following difference between ordinary sunsets and the displays of 1883:— ‘(1).
They differ in their time and in the place of the sky where they appear. ‘(2). They differ in their periodic action or behaviour. ‘(3). New Job Essay! They differ in the nature of the glow, which is both intense and lustreless. ‘(4). They differ in the regularity of their colouring.
Four colours in particular have been noticeable, orange lowest and nearest the sundown; above this and broader, green; above this, and broader still, a variable red, ending in thesis for architecture being crimson; above this, a faint lilac. The lilac disappears, the green deepens, spreads, and encroaches on the orange, and the red deepens, spreads, and encroaches on the green, till at last one red, varying downwards from application crimson to scarlet or orange, fills the west and south. ‘(5). E Procurement Papers! They differ in the colours themselves, which are impure and not of the spectrum. ‘(6). They differ in application the texture of the coloured surfaces, which are neither distinct clouds of recognized make, nor yet translucent media.’ The above is merely an abstract of Mr.
Hopkins’s letter, to which he subjoins a very lucid description of the sunset of December 16, 1883. (Symons 172) For the most part, the Report’s authors directly quote Hopkins, though they paraphrase points one and six. The remarkable aspect of their precis, however, is synopsis, what it leaves out—extensive sections of evocative, metaphoric description. Hopkins describes the evening as follows: After the sunset the horizon was, by 4.10, lined a long way by a glowing tawny light, not very pure in colour and distinctly textured in hummocks, bodies like a shoal of dolphins, or in what are called gadroons, or as the Japanese conventionally represent waves. New Job Application! The glowing vapour above this was as yet colourless; then this took a beautiful olive or celadon green, not so vivid as the previous day’s, and delicately fluted; the green belt was broader than the bar work, orange, and pressed down on and contracted it. Above the green in turn appeared a red glow, broader and burlier in new job application essay make; it was softly brindled, and in the ribs or bars the colour was rosier, in the channels where the blue of the sky shone through it was a mallow colour. Above this was a vague lilac. (“Remarkable Sunsets” 223)
Hopkins’s poetic language has its own descriptive precision. As Thomas A. Zaniello argues, passages such as this “reveal Hopkins’ facility with both scientific detail and thinking nursing the painter’s palette” and “indicate a sensibility attempting to render the phenomena of the world without forcing a distinction between science and art” (261). Indeed, to describe the texture of the “tawny light,” Hopkins first turns to nature (a metaphor drawn from new job application essay a landscape and a simile from sea life) and then turns to art (both Western decorative carving and Eastern painting). The letter also incorporates imagery and diction from some of the poems for which Hopkins is nursing, now best known. The “softly brindled” red glow evokes the opening of his 1877 poem “Pied Beauty,” which uses the more archaic form “brinded” to describe a streaked or flecked sky: “Glory be to application God for dappled things— / For skies of critical ppt, couple-colour as a brinded cow” (1-2). Consider, too, the language in new job application essay Hopkins’s explanation of how normal, bright sunsets differ from the lusterless Krakatoa afterglows: A bright sunset lines the clouds so that their brims look like gold, brass, bronze, or steel. It fetches out papers, those dazzling flecks and spangles which people call fish-scales. New Job! It gives to a mackerel or dappled cloudrack the appearance of quilted crimson silk, or a ploughed field glazed with crimson ice. These effects may have been seen in the late sunsets, but they are not the e procurement research papers, specific after-glow; that is, without gloss or lustre. (“Remarkable Sunsets” 222-23) The description of this streaked sky echoes both “Pied Beauty” and new job “The Windhover.” The letter’s use of “dappled” brings to mind the former poem’s praise of “dappled things” (1), and school thesis statement the latter poem’s description of the titular bird as a “dapple-dawn-drawn Falcon” (2).
The comparison of a typical sky at sunset to a “ploughed field glazed with crimson ice” recalls the “Landscape plotted and pieced—fold, fallow, and plough” in new job application “Pied Beauty” (5). Thesis Of Extensionality! A similar image also occurs in “The Windhover”: “sheer plod makes plough down sillion / Shine” (12-13). Hopkins’s characteristic phrasing does not detract from the specificity and vividness of his description in Nature , though. Patricia Ball rightly claims that the letter uses “turns of phrase or analogy and a choice of new job essay, words which are characteristic of him,” but they “serve the purpose to which the whole correspondence is directed, the thesis statement generator, accurate plotting of remarkable skyscapes” (116). Although the new job, Royal Society Report omits these poetic sections of Hopkins’s letter in Nature , it does reprint some of the affective and figurative language from other articles about the Krakatoa sunsets. As Richard Altick observes, even now the Royal Society Report conveys “a vivid sense of the excitement and wonder [created by] the film thesis, worldwide effects of the eruption . . . . [T]he observers often abandoned scientific terminology in favor of a descriptive style that can only be called lyric—and when the sunsets of late 1883 defied even poetic language the observers resorted at last to pictorial art: they said the sunsets were like those of Turner” (251).
Altick may have had in mind E. L. Layard’s account from New Caledonia of Krakatoa afterglows on cloudy nights: “[W]ho shall paint the new job essay, glory of the heavens when flecked with clouds?— burnished gold, copper, brass, silver, such as Turner in his wildest dreams never saw, and of such fantastic forms!” (Symons 173). Turner himself was not alive to paint the thesis synopsis for architecture, Krakatoa afterglows, but they did attract the attention of some visual artists. Frederic Edwin Church’s “Sunset over the Ice of Chaumont Bay, Lake Ontario,” a watercolor painted on 28 December 1883, is “the only major painting to be created in the immediate aftermath of Krakatoa” (Winchester 281). In London, both the minor artist William Ascroft and John Sanford Dyason of the Royal Meteorological Society sketched the sunsets in chalk pastels and exhibited their works at public meetings of the new job application essay, Royal Society (Zaniello 248). The frontispiece to the Royal Society’s Krakatoa Report reproduces six of Ascroft’s sketches “made on school thesis statement the bank of the Thames, a little west of London, on the evening of November 26th, 1883,” which “represent the general colouring of the western sky from shortly after sunset (3h. New Job! 57m. p.m.) to the final dying out of the after-glow at about 5.15 p.m.” (Symons n.pag.).
Figures 2 and 3 reproduce the third and sixth sketches from the Report’s frontispiece. Figure 2: Sketch by William Ascroft of part time bar work cover, Krakatoa afterglow as seen in London at new job application, 4:30p.m. on 26 November 1883, from the frontispiece to the Royal Society Report. Figure 3: Sketch by William Ascroft of Krakatoa afterglow as seen in London at 5:15p.m. on 26 November 1883, from the frontispiece to the Royal Society Report. Earlier in E. L. Layard’s description of the sunset on 6 January 1884, he uses what was arguably the nursing, most common simile in all the verbal descriptions of new job application essay, Krakatoa afterglows: “about 8 p.m., there is only a glare in school thesis statement the sky, just over the sun’s path, as of a distant conflagration, till the new job application essay, fire in the west dies out” (Symons 173). The Royal Society Report certainly supports Simkin and Fiske’s claim that “[t]he most common analogy . Critical Process! . . was fire, and the word ‘conflagration’ was repeatedly used” (157). The Report even makes note of new job application, “the first instance of a comparison to a fire, which was afterwards frequent,” as occurring 30 August 1883 “from St. Thesis Synopsis For Architecture! Helena, 16?S. 6?W., where at 4 a.m. on the 30 th a red light in application essay the south-east and south-west, ‘like a fire,’ alarmed one of the inhabitants” (Symons 316). Though it was originally published somewhat later, in September 1883, another quoted description has the distinction of appearing first among those reprinted in thesis the Royal Society Report, and it, too, compares the afterglows to an immense fire.
The Reverend Sereno E. Bishop writes from Honolulu that one trait distinguishing these afterglows from usual sunsets is “[t]he peculiar lurid glow, as of new job application essay, a distant conflagration, totally unlike our common sunsets” (Symons 153). Thesis! In some cases, observers actually mistook the glows for distant fires and brought in application local fire brigades, as happened on 27 November 1883 in New York and Connecticut (Thornton 24). The Krakatoa afterglows may have instigated panic, but they also inspired poetry and for architecture fiction. New Job Application Essay! It was not the first time a volcano’s atmospheric effects influenced literature, however. The June 1783 eruption of Laki in Iceland released massive amounts of sulfur dioxide, which produced noxious fogs, an e procurement papers unusually red sun, and an extremely hot summer followed by an extremely cold winter, conditions which influenced William Cowper’s depiction of new job application, time and weather in e procurement papers The Task (Menely 480-89; Hamblyn 101-102). The gas and dust spewed into the atmosphere by essay, the April 1815 eruption of Tambora in Indonesia disrupted usual rainfall patterns, cooled global temperatures, caused famines and epidemics, and instigated political upheavals, conditions which in thesis synopsis for architecture turn inspired Mary Shelley’s desolate novel Frankenstein and Lord Byron’s apocalyptic poem “Darkness” (Wood). (On the eruption of essay, Tambora, see Gillen D’Arcy Wood, “1816, The Year without a Summer.”) Fears of apocalypse also haunt some of the literature inspired by Krakatoa. Altick has gathered and compared writings by four Victorian poets that incorporate descriptions of the Krakatoa sunsets, including poems by Robert Bridges, Algernon Charles Swinburne, and Alfred Tennyson, and Hopkins’s letter in Nature . The most cheerful of them is the “March” section of Robert Bridges’s Eros and Psyche (1885), which includes a three-stanza description of a sunset, the second stanza of which reads: Broad and low down, where late the sun had been. A wealth of orange-gold was thickly shed, Fading above into a field of green,
Like apples ere they ripen into red, Then to the height a variable hue. Of rose and part bar work cover pink and crimson freak’d with blue, And olive-border’d clouds o’er lilac led. Essay! (st. 25) Altick suspects the thesis synopsis, passage is derivative of Hopkins’s letter in Nature ; he notes the almost identical color terminology, and quotes a letter from new job Hopkins to Bridges in which Hopkins politely comments on the similarity and inquires if Bridges read his Nature piece (256). Swinburne’s “A New-Year Ode: to Victor Hugo” repeatedly uses images of sunset and sunrise, clouds and storms, and fire to represent both the eras Hugo depicted, and the one through which he lived. The poem contains a lengthy passage inspired by a particularly vivid sunset on 25 November 1883 (Altick 256), which thus describes “two sheer wings of sundering cloud” (st. 17) above the chuck palahniuk, set sun: As midnight black, as twilight brown, they spread,
But feathered thick with flame that streaked and lined. Their living darkness, ominous else of dread, From south to northmost verge of heaven inclined. Most like some giant angel’s, whose bent head. Bowed earthward, as with message for mankind. Of doom or benediction to be shed. From passage of his presence.
Far behind, Heaven, manifest in manifold. Light of pure pallid amber, cheered with fire of gold. (st. 18) The detailed description of the sunset continues, and new job application essay leads into a comparison of the critical process ppt, sunset glow to “light like fire of love” (st.
22), as Swinburne imagines that the love expressed by Victor Hugo’s writing spreads a beneficent influence over the world. Flame also figures prominently in “St. Telemachus” (1892), a poem by Tennyson whose opening lines were, according to essay Tennyson’s note, “[s]uggested by the memory of the eruption of Krakatoa”: Had the critical thinking nursing, fierce ashes of some fiery peak. Been hurled so high they ranged about the globe?
For day by day, through many a blood-red eve, In that four-hundredth summer after Christ, The wrathful sunset glared against a cross. Reared on the tumbled ruins of an old fane. No longer sacred to the Sun, and flamed. On one huge slope beyond. . Application Essay! . (1-8) The poem tells the film school generator, story of the hermit Telemachus’s divine inspiration to new job application walk to the Roman Colosseum where he attempts to stop the gladiatorial combat.
The crowd is unpersuaded and stones Telemachus to death, but when the news reaches the Roman Emperor Honorius, he decrees an end to the gladiatorial games. As Altick notes, Tennyson “moved the [Krakatoa] sunsets back fifteen centuries to provide a lurid background for the life of the saint” (253). If the Krakatoa sunsets struck some observers as “almost apocalyptic, often unnerving” (Winchester 290), then Tennyson’s portrayal of the sunsets as “blood-red” and “wrathful” captures their unnerving quality (3, 5), and his transposition of the sunsets to part cover letter Telemachus’s “deed that woke the world” (70) associates them with the transition to essay a new epoch in history (from polytheism to Christianity). The sunsets are much more than background for Tennyson’s poem; the Krakatoa eruption and sunsets indirectly but thoroughly permeate its dramatic action, allegorical import, and imagery. Tennyson imagines that St. Telemachus, in the evenings when the thesis synopsis, fane was. Bathed in that lurid crimson—asked ‘Is earth.
On fire to the West? or is the Demon-god. Wroth at his fall?’ . . . (18-20) His questions juxtapose a common reaction to new job application essay the Krakatoa sunsets (mistaking them for a distant conflagration) with Tennyson’s thematic use for them (the transition from paganism to Christianity). The lurid afterglows also play a role in papers the saint’s quest: Telemachus journeys west to Rome “Following a hundred sunsets” (31). Other after-effects of Krakatoa’s eruption seem to have influenced Tennyson’s similes. When Telemachus arrives in Rome, he comes upon a crowd: And borne along by that full stream of men, Like some old wreck on some indrawing sea,
Gained their huge Colosseum. . New Job Application Essay! . (43-45) The image of rushing sea water bearing a ship inward accords with the Krakatoa-induced tsunamis, one of critical nursing process, which carried a ship two miles inland (Thornton 13). Tennyson’s description of Telemachus’s death at the hands of the Colosseum crowd— “Then one deep roar as of a breaking sea, / And then a shower of stones that stoned him dead” (67-68)—literally depicts the saint’s death by stoning but also evokes the sound of a tsunami and the hail of pumice unleashed by Krakatoa’s eruption. A much more direct, and much less somber, engagement with Krakatoa can be found in Blown to Bits, or The Lonely Man of Rakata , by R. M. Ballantyne. This 1889 adventure novel for boys shares many of the characteristics of a group of new job application, earlier, Pompeii-inspired eruption narratives recently discussed by Nicholas Daly. Palahniuk 36 Essays! In late-eighteenth- and new job early-nineteeenth-century disaster narratives, “the volcano is there as a smoldering presence from the statement, start, and our pleasure in other elements of our experience is both shadowed and enhanced by our knowledge that in the end it will explode” (Daly 257). The very title of new job application, Ballantyne’s work directs his readers towards the school statement, novel’s explosive culmination, and the subtitle’s mention of Rakata, the mountain peak on Krakatoa’s main island, clearly identifies the source of the explosion. Ballantyne’s ominous foreshadowing is frequent and new job application essay strong. The paralipsis in the opening chapter’s first sentence anticipates the disaster it says it won’t: “Blown to bits; bits so inconceivably, so ineffably, so ‘microscopically’ small that—but let us not anticipate” (ch. 1; n. pag.). Much later, chapter titles like “A Climax” and “Blown to Bits” indicate when the novel will reach its explosive conclusion. Before we get there, however, Ballantyne offers readers a series of adventures centering on Nigel Roy, the son of an English sea captain; Van der Kemp, the e procurement research, hermit of Rakata; and Moses, the hermit’s faithful servant.
Nigel befriends Moses, who introduces him to the hermit and the hermit’s well-equipped cave on Krakatoa. The three embark on a journey to several nearby islands and always are greeted hospitably by the locals, since Van der Kemp, despite his nickname of new job essay, hermit, has travelled extensively and made loyal friends seemingly everywhere. During their journey, the main characters encounter tigers, orangutans, a crocodile, a python, and palahniuk 36 essays pirates led by Baderoon, Van der Kemp’s mortal enemy. Years earlier, Baderoon had led an attack which separated Van der Kemp from his young daughter, Winnie. When Nigel hears the story, he suspects an orphan he met in the Cocos-Keeling Islands is Winnie, and he asks his father to new job application essay transport Winnie to Anjer. Van der Kemp and for architecture his daughter are prematurely reunited when the hermit’s canoe is washed onto the deck of Captain Roy’s boat in the midst of Krakatoa’s catastrophic eruption. The tsunami generated by Krakatoa’s third and largest explosion propels the boat over the ruined city of Anjer and more than a mile inland, safely depositing the protagonists in new job essay a coconut grove. Nigel and Winnie fall in love, marry, and settle with their parents and Moses in the Cocos-Keeling Islands.
Its plot is e procurement, improbable, yet Blown to Bits includes copious (and accurate) information about Krakatoa. As Joel D. Chaston remarks, “Ballantyne’s books are . . . important because, while sometimes far-fetched, they provide generally accurate scientific and application essay geographic information, attempting to educate readers realistically about other countries, cultures, and for architecture times” (20). New Job Application Essay! In the thesis synopsis for architecture, preface to Blown to Bits , Ballantyne acknowledges his debt to essay the Royal Society Report for the facts of the eruption, and he draws upon the Report quite extensively. The narrator sometimes directly quotes the Royal Society Report, as when he describes the moderate eruptions of May 1883 (Ballantyne ch. 8; Symons 11). More often, the narrator slightly paraphrases or summarizes the Report, as he does in bar work the extensive discussion in Chapter 29 of Krakatoa’s global effects, including the sounds heard as far as Rodriguez, the air waves measured by barometers, the changes in sea level, the dust particles and their rate of travel, and the resultant atmospheric effects. New Job Essay! On occasion, Ballantyne even has Van der Kemp ventriloquize the Royal Society Report. The hermit thus informs Nigel of Krakatoa’s dangerous position in a highly volcanic region: The island of Java, with an area about equal to that of England, contains no fewer than forty-nine great volcanic mountains, some of which rise to 12,000 feet above the sea-level. Many of these mountains are at thesis statement, the present time active . Essay! . E Procurement Research Papers! . and new job essay more than half of them have been seen in eruption since Java was occupied by Europeans. Hot springs, mud-volcanoes, and time bar work vapour-vents abound all over the island, whilst earthquakes are by no means uncommon.
There is a distinct line in application essay the chain of these mountains which seems to point to a great fissure in the earth’s crust, caused by the subterranean fires. This tremendous crack or fissure crosses the Straits of thesis synopsis, Sunda, and in consequence we find a number of these vents—as volcanic mountains may be styled—in the Island of Sumatra, which you saw to the nor’ard as you came along. But there is new job, supposed to be another great crack in the earth’s crust—indicated by several volcanic mountains—which crosses the other fissure almost at bar work, right angles, and at new job application essay, the exact point where these two lines intersect stands this island of Krakatoa ! (ch. 7; n. pag.) Clearly, as Van der Kemp educates Nigel about the region, so, too, does Ballantyne educate his young readers, in keeping with his stated intention “to bring the matter [of Krakatoa’s 1883 eruption], in the garb of a tale, before that portion of the juvenile world which accords me a hearing” (preface; n. E Procurement Research! pag.) Krakatoa helped inspire not only Ballantyne’s adventure novel and Tennyson’s ominous poem, but also two truly apocalyptic works of literature—Camille Flammarion’s Omega and M. P. Application Essay! Shiel’s The Purple Cloud . Omega: The Last Days of the thesis statement, World (1894), the first English translation of Flammarion’s 1893 novel, originally titled La Fin du Monde , presents an essay array of possibilities for the world’s end. In the twenty-fifth century, astronomers predict a comet composed partly of poisonous carbon monoxide will collide with the earth, and scientists speculate about thinking ppt, numerous ways the comet might extinguish humanity. The comet is new job application essay, less destructive than feared, and the human race survives, but Flammarion then presents a further vision of earth ten million years in the future.
Only two people remain alive amidst an entropic wasteland in which the part letter, earth’s elevations have eroded to a near-uniform surface, its water vapor has dissipated, and its surface temperature has dropped too low to sustain life. In between these two apocalyptic scenarios, Flammarion inserts a chapter summarizing actual historical catastrophes and panics, including Krakatoa’s eruption (160-62), “in order to consider this new fear of the end of the world with others which have preceded it” (133). Flammarion writes of application, Krakatoa, “Those who escaped, or who saw the catastrophe from some vessel, and lived to welcome again the light of day, which had seemed forever extinguished, relate in terror with what resignation they expected the end of the world, persuaded that its very foundations were giving way and that the knell of a universal doom had sounded” (161). M. P. Shiel’s apocalyptic novel The Purple Cloud (1901) is for architecture, set in application essay the much more immediate future, and it twice compares events in thesis the early twentieth century to Krakatoa’s eruption and after-effects. In the first instance, the narrator, Adam Jeffson, recounts: [I]t was at sunset that my sense of the new job, wondrously beautiful was roused and excited, in spite of that burden which I bore: for, certainly, I never saw sunsets . . . so flamboyant, exorbitant and distraught. . . . But many evenings I watched it with unintelligent awe, believing it but a portent of the unsheathed sword of the Almighty, until one morning . . Part Time Letter! . I suddenly remembered the wild sunsets of the nineteenth century witnessed in Europe, America, and, I think, everywhere, after the eruption of the new job, volcano of e procurement, Krakatoa. (77-78) Adam has good reason to think the wild sunsets are a portent of apocalypse since the burden he bears is to live in the aftermath of a worldwide catastrophe.
Having been the first man to application essay reach the North Pole, Adam gradually realizes, as he returns home to England, that he is the thesis, last man left alive. A purple cloud of poisonous gas has enveloped nearly the application essay, entire planet, sparing only the very northernmost latitudes. It is e procurement research papers, this memory of the Krakatoa sunsets that leads Adam to suspect the new job application essay, source of the poison cloud was a volcanic eruption. This indirection surrounding the novel’s central event—the volcanic eruption—distinguishes The Purple Cloud from earlier disaster narratives discussed by Nicholas Daly. In Shiel’s story, the volcano’s eruption is not the dramatic climax; instead, over eighty percent of the novel focuses on Adam’s survival after the disaster. Adam frequently, and at great length, describes dead people and destroyed property, but he encounters them months or years after they perished. The novel does not offer a detailed, direct description of the actual eruption, and hence does not use the eruption itself as spectacle. Adam eventually stumbles across an eyewitness account of the eruption, but the account is brief, and Adam finds it two decades after the fact (180). Albert Tissu, a passenger on board the ship the Marie Meyer (180), witnesses a volcanic island emerging from the research, sea and records the event in his journal: “we descry a shade rising, a shade, a mighty back, a new-born land, bearing skyward ten flames of fire, slowly, steadily, out of the sea” (181). Tissu hopes to be immortalized for new job essay documenting such an extraordinary event. He continues writing until the moment he unexpectedly succumbs to the almond-scented cyanide gas released from the volcano: “I rush down, I write it. . . . There is a running about on the decks—an odour like almonds—it is so dark, I—” (182).
Shiel’s inclusion of a shipboard eyewitness is in film school thesis statement keeping with the significance of sailors’ accounts for understanding Krakatoa. The Royal Society Report suggested, “Perhaps . . . the most important evidence of what was actually going on application essay at Krakatoa during the crisis of the eruption is part time cover, that derived from witnesses on board ships” (Symons 15), and the Report includes a three-page list and a map detailing the ships in or near the Sunda Strait during or soon after the eruption (Symons 15-18). New Job Application Essay! Even Shiel’s choice of the ship’s name, the Marie Meyer , seems to echo one of the ships closest to the Krakatoa eruption—the Dutch trade vessel the of extensionality, Marie (Symons 15). Tissu’s shipboard account is not the only example of The Purple Cloud mimicking the methods of representation through which witnesses reported and scientists studied the Krakatoa eruption. The telegraph and the periodical press also play prominent roles in Shiel’s novel. As Adam returns to Europe from the North Pole and searches for other survivors, he thinks of, but rejects, the telegraph and the wireless (the recently invented radio) as means of expediting his search: “I had some knowledge of the new job, Morse code, of the manipulation of tape-machines, telegraphic typing-machines, wireless transmitting . . . so I could have wirelessed, or tried to wire from Bergen, to somewhere; but I would not: I was so afraid; afraid lest for ever from nowhere should occur one replying click, or stir of dial-needle” (78). Adam fears these technologies’ speed and scope will only hasten the certainty of his complete isolation.
So horrifying is this prospect that he focuses on the absence of impersonal, mechanical clicks and dials rather than the chuck 36 essays, absence of the urgent interpersonal communication they were meant to facilitate. Adam has good reason to new job essay fear the telegraph’s silence. As he discovers through reading old newspapers, those yet unaffected by the cloud inferred its location and speed based on cessations of telegraph contact. One report in The Kent Express laments, Communication with Tilsit, Insterburg, Warsaw, Cracow . . . and many smaller towns immediately east of the 21st of longitude has ceased during the night, though in some at least of them there must have been operators still at their posts, undrawn into the westward-rolling torrent: but as all messages from Western Europe have been met only by that mysterious muteness which, three months and two days since, astounded civilisation in the case of Eastern New Zealand, we can only assume that these towns, too, have been added to the mournful catalogue; . . . the nursing, rate of the slow-riding vapour which is touring our globe is no longer doubtful, having now been definitely fixed by Professor Craven at 100 ? miles a day—4 miles 330 yards an new job essay hour. (86-87)
Such “mysterious muteness” happened on a more local scale immediately after the Krakatoa eruption. On the day of the catastrophe, the telegraph operator at for architecture, Batavia wired to Singapore, “unable [to] communicate with Anjer—fear calamity there” (qtd. in Simkin and Fiske 14). Shiel’s fictional newspaper article also resonates with the scientific analysis of Krakatoa in the periodical press, which included discussion of the speed at which particles from the eruption spread over the earth’s surface. Adam finds additional scientific analysis when he reads the archives of The Times in their London office, and new job essay finds an ongoing debate about the composition of the deadly cloud. He finds an article by a Dublin scientist named Sloggett to be most persuasive, and Adam’s praise of Sloggett includes the novel’s second explicit reference to Krakatoa: This article was remarkable for its discernment, because written so early—not long, in fact, after the cessation of communication with Australia, at which date Sloggett stated that the character of the devastation not only proved an eruption—another, but far greater Krakatoa, doubtless in some South Sea region—but indicated that its most active product must be, not CO, but potassic ferrocyanide (K 4 FeCn 6 ). (109) Shiel here uses the public’s memory of Krakatoa and intensifies it, by making his fictional eruption even more catastrophic in force and chuck 36 essays more deadly in content than the disaster that inspired it. When Krakatoa exploded on 27 August 1883, it cloaked the surrounding area in darkness, inundated nearby shores, and killed tens of thousands. Over 7,000 miles away in England, sensitive instruments recorded air and sea waves, and observers admired and feared the lurid atmospheric effects.
But Krakatoa’s eruption also instigated scientists from varied specialties to cooperate with each other and to seek the public’s help in producing the massive Royal Society Report. The eruption and its aftereffects inspired Tennyson to depict a turning point in Western history and Shiel to imagine a harrowing future of human history’s end. Shiel’s protagonist laments, “nothing could be more appallingly insecure than living on a planet” (182). Krakatoa’s catastrophic eruption and its worldwide effects demonstrated the precariousness, and the interconnectedness, of life on earth. Monique R. Morgan is an new job application Associate Professor of English at McGill University, where her research and teaching focus on Romantic and Victorian literature, narrative theory, poetics, and early science fiction. Her monograph, Narrative Means, Lyric Ends: Temporality in the Nineteenth-Century British Long Poem , was published by Ohio State University Press in papers 2009. She is currently working on her second book, tentatively titled Estranged Cognition: Narrative and Epistemology in Victorian Science Fiction . HOW TO CITE THIS BRANCH ENTRY (MLA format) Morgan, Monique R. Application Essay! “The Eruption of Krakatoa (also known as Krakatau) in 1883.” BRANCH: Britain, Representation and e procurement papers Nineteenth-Century History . Ed. Dino Franco Felluga. Extension of Romanticism and Victorianism on the Net . Web. [Here, add your last date of access to BRANCH].
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4 Sept. 2011. Tennyson, Alfred Lord. “St. Telemachus.” The Poems of Tennyson . Ed. Christopher Ricks. 2nd ed. Vol. Chuck! 3. Berkeley: U of California P, 1987. 224-27. Print. Thornton, Ian.
Krakatau: The Destruction and Reassembly of an Island Ecosystem . Cambridge: Harvard UP, 1996. Print. Winchester, Simon. Krakatoa: The Day the World Exploded: August 27, 1883 . New York: Harper, 2003. Print.
Wood, Gillen D’Arcy. Application! “1816, The Year without a Summer.” BRANCH: Britain, Representation and thesis Nineteenth-Century History . Ed. Dino Franco Felluga. Extension of Romanticism and Victorianism on new job essay the Net . Web. 4 Sep. 2012. Zaniello, Thomas A. Thesis Of Extensionality! “The Spectacular English Sunsets of the 1880s.” Victorian Science and Victorian Values: Literary Perspectives . Eds.
James Paradis and Thomas Postlewait. Spec. issue of Annals of the New York Academy of the Sciences 360 (20 Apr. Application Essay! 1981): 247-67. Print.  Discussions in English usually refer to the island and volcano as “Krakatoa.” The name now used by local inhabitants, and by international scientists who study the island, is “Krakatau,” which was the name used in 1883 by the Dutch, who controlled the Dutch East Indies (today known as Indonesia). Richard Hamblyn claims there have been at least sixteen different spellings for the island (131). Since this essay is concerned with late-nineteenth-century British representations of the volcano, it adopts the usage in most of its sources and refers to the island and volcano as Krakatoa.  There is some uncertainty about the exact times of the third and fourth large explosions. Ian Thornton estimates the third to have occurred just after 10:00 a.m. 36 Essays! (13) rather than precisely at 10:02, and essay he gives varying times for the fourth explosion—sometimes 10:52 a.m. (14), and sometimes 10:45 a.m (18).
Simkin and critical thinking nursing Fiske note previous reports of 9:58, 10:00, and application essay 10:02 for the time of third great explosion, but decide on 9:58 for their chronology (38), and they give 10:45 as the time of the last explosion but acknowledge that the Royal Society claims 10:52 (40). Hamblyn misleadingly refers to the 10:02 eruption as Krakatoa’s “final blast,” “terminal eruption,” and e procurement research papers “final act of destruction” (160, 158, 157).  Simkin and Fiske give a more conservative timeline: “Darkness covered the Sunda Straits from new job essay 10 a.m. on the 27th until dawn the next day” (15).  The first scientists to study the e procurement research papers, islands after the 1883 eruption agreed that all life had been killed, but in new job 1929 C. A. Backer suggested that some species may have survived the chuck palahniuk 36 essays, eruption, spurring decades of debate (Thornton 79). Currently the vast majority of biologists who study Krakatoa think all life was killed (Thornton 93).  The authors of the Royal Society’s 1888 report on Krakatoa also emphasized the global reach of Krakatoa’s effects, and the telegraph cables which carried news of them.
The Royal Society report begins: “During the closing days of the month of August, 1883, the telegraph-cable from Batavia carried to application Singapore, and thence to every part of the civilised world, the news of a terrible subterranean convulsion—one which in its destructive results to thesis generator life and property, and in the startling character of the world-wide effects to which it gave rise, is perhaps without a parallel in historic times” (Symons 1).  According to David Roos, such a conjunction of new job, science and art would have appealed to Nature ’s founder and editor, Norman Lockyer, who wanted the journal’s contents to include all branches of knowledge and its readers and e procurement research papers contributors to include both trained scientists and new job application essay interested laymen. As evidence of Lockyer’s success, Roos cites Hopkins’s letter (173), Lockyer’s own reviews of Royal Academy of film generator, Art exhibitions (172), and the frequent contributions of new job application, John Brett, “a member of both the Astronomical Society and the Royal Academy of critical process ppt, Arts” (171).  Altick claims Swinburne “hold[s] the mirror of artifice up to nature” by “using his favorite image of flame and fire to describe sunsets which witnesses agree were marked by diffused rather than concentrated light” (259). Altick makes a valid point about the diffuse light of the Krakatoa sunset, yet, as we have seen, Swinburne was far from alone in using the analogy of application, fire.  Altick complains that Tennyson’s individual observations of the Krakatoa sunsets are “clouded by the dramatic or allegorical context” (260), and that “the lines he wrote have no necessary impress of personal experience” (258). Palahniuk! In contrast, I think Tennyson successfully subsumes details of the application essay, Krakatoa phenomena to his dramatic and allegorical purposes.  There may be some ambiguity in thesis synopsis Tennyson’s phrase “indrawing sea,” depending on application essay the imagined perspective. The sea could be surging in toward the land, or the sea could be drawing itself in away from the shore and stranding a ship that had been anchored. Both cases have parallels with the Krakatoa eruption, which created tsunamis but also caused sea levels to fall in statement some locations (Thornton 13).  In its happy ending, Blown to Bits differs from other disaster narratives designed to essay elicit “the pleasure of the reader or viewer in destruction—of people, of property, of hopes” (Daly 255).
Ballantyne does describe Krakatoa’s destructive effects in chapter 29, but in e procurement research papers a detached, impersonal tone.  Compare the opening of this passage to the nearly identical phrasing in the Royal Society Report: “The Island of Java, with an area about equal to that of England, contains no fewer than forty-nine great volcanic mountains, some of which rise to a height of 12,000 feet above the sea-level. Of these volcanoes, more than half have been seen in application essay eruption during the short period of the European occupation of the thinking process, island, while some are in a state of almost constant activity. Hot springs, mud-volcanoes, and vapour-vents abound in new job essay Java, while earthquakes are by no means unfrequent” (Symons 4).  In this focus on survival, The Purple Cloud more closely resembles the disaster narratives that followed it rather than those that preceded it.
According to film school thesis generator Daly, “In twentieth- and twenty-first-century disaster texts the interest often resides in the post-disaster society, or the family unit that survives, say, malevolent weather, town-swallowing geological events, or nuclear armageddon” (255-56). Adam has the new job application essay, chance to form a family unit (and possibly repopulate the world) when he discovers a female survivor. E Procurement Research! One of Daly’s twentieth-century examples is the film The World, The Flesh, and application essay the Devil (280 n1), which is a very loose adaptation of The Purple Cloud .
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Simple Software for Better Interview Skills. Learn how to land the job with Big Interview’s powerful video tutorials and new job application, virtual interview practice software. 13 Resume Mistakes That Make You Look Dumb. Before you get invited in for an interview, employers and of extensionality, recruiters look at your resume to see if you’re a good enough candidate for the job to be worth their time. New Job Application! If your resume doesn’t look good, you don’t look good. Bar Work! Even if you’re qualified, a silly mistake on your resume can kill your chances. Think of your resume as your 60 second audition in application front of a judge on thesis synopsis, one of those reality TV talent shows.
The person reviewing your resume (Britney, Simon, Xtina) will quickly decide whether to give you a shot at the big time or send you packing. New Job Application! So the golden rule is: Make a good first impression, and don’t look dumb! You can do this by avoiding common mistakes on your resume — the kind that we see even great candidates making. Research Papers! Remember, you only have a few seconds to either make a good first impression or to make a really bad one. 1. Spelling mistakes and essay, grammatical errors. A grammar error or misspelling can stand out chuck palahniuk like a sore thumb and tell the application essay, employer that you’re careless. Luckily, these mistakes are easily avoidable.
Spell check, but don’t rely on spell check to do all of the work for you. I have seen plenty of resumes with embarrassing mistakes that spell check didn’t catch — it was a real word, just not the one that the film school statement, candidate wanted to use in his resume (be careful to never, ever leave that first “L” out of “public relations” in application essay your resume). Your eyes see what you meant to type instead of of extensionality, what’s really there. An objective reader can make a big difference in new job helping you catch spelling and part time letter, grammar problems as well as many of the other mistakes listed in this post. It is particularly important to proofread carefully if you are applying for jobs that require writing skills and/or attention to detail. For a potential future boss, your resume is your first work sample and should reflect your ability to write, edit, and new job, proofread if hired. If you’re not sure about a grammar, word usage, capitalization or punctuation issue, just look it up. Grammar Girl is just one great resource for thesis of extensionality practical application of new job application, grammar rules. You want your resume to thesis synopsis for architecture stand out, but there is such a thing as standing out in a bad way. You may think it’s creative to use 6 different fonts and colors, but that kind of creativity tends to just look clumsy.
Avoid too many font types and steer clear of font sizes that are too big or too small. Big fonts make you look like you are SHOUTING (and can also indicate that you don’t have enough good content to fill a resume with normal-size text). New Job Application Essay! Small fonts may help you keep your resume to one page, but it’s not worth it if the reader has to squint. You should also avoid long paragraphs and long blocks of text. Film! Most people scan resumes very quickly and often skip over essay, long paragraphs and miss key information.
Use white space and bullets to make your resume format easy on the eye. Use of bullets can also ensure better reader comprehension when visually scanned. Leave comfortable margins on critical nursing process ppt, the page and make sure that everything is neatly aligned. Look neat. Look smart. Also, keep in mind that there’s a good chance you resume will be scanned electronically as more and essay, more companies use special software to index resumes. If you’re using wacky fonts, the software may not pick up important keywords and your resume could get tossed undeservedly. Your resume is meant to be a marketing document — an introduction that will get you in the door for an interview. This isn’t the time to “think outside the box” and design a glossy, hot pink, legal-sized resume with clip art and glitter.
There are better ways to demonstrate your creativity. Save the arts and crafts for Pinterest. Also, avoid using weird colors, weird formats or weird paper stock. Your resume should be simple and elegant. Go minimalist and thesis, let the words speak for themselves.
If you’re presenting a hard copy of your resume in person, make sure it doesn’t look like it was just pulled out of the trash can (or it’s very likely to new job end up back in the circular file). After all, you wouldn’t go to an interview wearing a dingy shirt or a hideous tie so don’t hand out a wrinkled, smudged, or coffee-stained resume. When you bring your resume to an interview, carry it in a folder to film keep it crisp and fresh. In general, try to application essay keep your resume to 1-2 pages in length. Recent graduates should aim to stick to one page while more experienced candidates can get away with using more space. If you’re still short on work experience and e procurement papers, are having difficulty filling a page, think about application essay, listing relevant school coursework and extracurricular activities. Include volunteer work and thinking nursing process, the contributions you’ve made in new job essay that arena.
You’ll also have space to list pertinent skills — including your prowess with different software programs and other tactical skills that apply to the job (review the chuck, job description and use the employer’s language). As you develop in application essay your career and add more jobs to your resume, you won’t have space for these “extras.” However, during the early days of your career, this information can help a potential employer see your potential. Remember to use common sense here: No need to mention your collection of Twilight memorabilia or that you were runner-up in critical thinking nursing ppt the 2010 SpongeBob look-alike competition. Even if you’ve been working for many years, you should try to new job application keep your resume to critical thinking process ppt 2 pages if possible. There are exceptions — CVs for academic positions and some other roles tend to application be longer and more detailed. (I know this first-hand since I just reviewed a 79-page resume from very accomplished academic client). However, keep in mind that employers are always going to be most interested in chuck 36 essays the jobs that you’ve held recently. Use your space wisely to share more details about your most current and relevant work experience and edit down the application, descriptions of e procurement research papers, your earlier jobs to the bare necessities. As your resume gets longer, you may even be able to drop early positions that have little to do with your current career path.
Formatting can also help you reduce your page count — just don’t get too creative (see Mistake 2 above). If you lie on your resume, you’re taking a big risk. First of application essay, all, you’re very likely to get busted during the background and reference checks. Papers! Even if you get lucky and new job essay, make it through the hiring process, dishonesty on thesis of extensionality, your resume can get you fired down the road — even if you’ve been doing a great job. Just ask former Yahoo! CEO Scott Thompson. If you haven’t yet graduated from college, for example, put down the name of the school you’re attending and state your expected graduation date. Don’t say you’ve graduated if you haven’t. Another common fib is with languages. New Job Application! Many people list under “skills” that they can speak a foreign language (or two…or four), when in fact they can only palahniuk string a few sentences together. Don’t think you won’t eventually be found out – you will.
And trust me, it’s tough to new job application learn Japanese in a weekend. One of the main things that employers focus on for architecture, is how long you worked at your previous jobs. They are going to be scanning for dates and zeroing in on new job, short tenures and long gaps between positions. Make sure to put down, for each job, the date that you started working and the date that you left (month and year is sufficient). You’re not fooling anybody by leaving these out critical ppt if they don’t make you look good. A lack of dates will read as an attempt to new job hide something. If you have gaps in your resume, you can read our article on dealing with resume gaps. Proof the dates carefully. It’s easy to overlook mistakes when it comes to critical thinking ppt numbers.
You don’t want your resume to say “May 2020” instead of “May 2010.” This may sound silly, but it happens more often you might think: people forget to new job update their resumes to thesis include their most recent contact information. If you’ve moved or changed phone numbers, make sure that your phone number, address and e-mail information is up to date. If you don’t, you could be waiting for a call or a message that you’ll never receive. Also, make sure you have a professional sounding email address. If your name is John Smith, using the address “firstname.lastname@example.org” (which you hilariously created in 2005) is not a good idea. It’s always better to application create a new email address that’s somewhat professional. Even if you can’t get [yourname] @gmail.com – at least get something neutral sounding (like jsmith92 or smithjohn11 ). Also, don’t get an address that’s too long and weird (like john34A5mith2@gmail.com) . It’s too easy for a typo to happen when someone is emailing you – and it’ll drive people crazy. If you want to thesis include an objective in new job essay your resume, make sure that it’s as tailored as possible to the job that you’re applying for. Avoid vague statements like: Looking to film generator apply my skills and experience in a fast-paced, challenging environment.
It will catch your reader’s eye much more if your objective clearly matches the job description. For example, [Looking for new job application a mid-level marketing position at a premiere/reputable/growing fashion/advertising firm.] You should also think about whether including an objective statement is really the best use of that prime real estate at the top of chuck 36 essays, your resume. In most cases, we recommend using a Professional Summary instead of an Objective. However, an objective statement can be useful for application essay some candidates — new grads with resumes that don’t otherwise convey career goals in bar work letter a clear way and career changers who are seeking a position that’s not an obvious next step. Your resume should be focused, concise and emphasize achievements and new job application essay, skills that fit the job you’re applying for. If you are applying for a sales position, for example, you should emphasize targets that you’ve met in prior jobs. Including percentages and numbers can be useful.
For example, [“Increased _______ by 25% in Store XYZ” or “Reduced operations backlog by 50% for the fiscal year in film school thesis statement generator 2009.”] Think about how best to present your experience and new job, skills in a way that would impress your potential employer. This probably means customizing your resume for each position, especially if you are considering more than one type of thesis for architecture, opportunity. New Job! Carefully review the job description and then take the thesis, time to tailor your resume to emphasize the strengths and experience that are most relevant for application essay the position. 11. Including “red flag” information. Your goal is to land an interview by giving the employer a compelling overview of the job skills and experience that make you a good candidate. Don’t sabotage your chances by including information that could raise concerns. Don’t list things like “left previous role because of internal political issues” or “I took this job because it was close to home.” There will be time to discuss your reasons for film generator leaving and taking positions in the interview.
By then, you will have used Big Interview to essay prepare and critical thinking nursing ppt, practice so that you can discuss your reasons in a positive and professional way. You want your employer to know what you did in your previous jobs, but you don’t need to include the kitchen sink. Describe your job duties in enough detail to give the new job application, employer a good idea of your general responsibilities. Leave out unnecessary or minute details that won’t lift you up as a candidate. More importantly: Highlight your job achievements. Use bullet-points to nursing process help the reader focus in on your accomplishments. Too many candidates make the mistake of including a detailed job description instead of emphasizing individual contributions. Rather than just listing your job duties, which can be passive and new job application, boring, use action verbs that imply you actively got things done. Chuck Palahniuk! Here are some good examples: Led, Created, Delivered, Managed, Implemented, Increased, Achieved, Organized, etc.
The thesaurus can be your friend if you find you are overusing certain words on new job application essay, your resume. Just don’t get too crazy trying to impress them with your awesome vocabulary — you want them to actually understand what you did (skip “confabulate” and critical thinking nursing process, “propagage” and other Word-of-the Day entries). Your resume is your first face forward to the employer, so it’s very important that you take the time to to make sure it looks great and is an accurate and powerful representation of application, your qualifications. Common mistakes (even the seemingly little ones) can kill your chances of getting an interview. When it comes to your resume, you really can’t be too perfect. Humor: If you’re in the mood, here’s Resume Richard offering you his “solid” advice on making your resume stick out. Pamela Skillings is co-founder of Big Interview. As an interview coach, she has helped her clients land dream jobs at companies including Google, Microsoft, Goldman Sachs, and JP Morgan Chase.
She also has more than 15 years of experience training and advising managers at film school thesis generator, organizations from new job American Express to chuck 36 essays the City of New York. She is an adjunct professor at New York University and an instructor at the American Management Association. 55 Comment to application 13 Resume Mistakes That Make You Look Dumb. Can I put smart art in my resume? Great advice, thank you! Thanks, this was helpful!
What is better one column format or two column format in thesis resume? Pamela Skillings is co-founder of Big Interview. New Job Application Essay! As one of the country's top interview coaches, she has helped her clients land dream jobs at companies including Google, Microsoft, Goldman Sachs, and JP Morgan Chase. She also has more than 15 years of film statement generator, experience training and new job application essay, advising managers at chuck 36 essays, organizations from American Express to application the City of New York. She is an adjunct professor at New York University and an instructor at film generator, the American Management Association. Continue reading. Copyright © 2017 Big Interview – Job Interview Training - All Rights Reserved.
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100 Argument or Position Essay Topics with Sample Essays. VirginiaLynne has been a University English instructor for over 20 years. She specializes in helping people write essays faster and easier. For your paper, you will pick an issue to research. You will need to be sure that this is an application, arguable issue, which means it is research papers one that people hold different views about. New Job. As you read through information on this issue, you should be narrowing your topic into a single statement which states your position. Part Time Bar Work Cover Letter. This could be a claim of fact, definition, cause, value, or policy. Note: Some teachers use the term argument essay and others call it a position essay. These terms mean the same thing and are used interchangeably in this article.
Is there a way to reduce abortions without legislation? (policy) Does a police officer's racial background make a difference in new job application essay, how they do their job? (value) Should the racial make-up of a police department be the same as the bar work cover, community they serve? (definition) How can pro-life and application essay, pro-choice groups work together? (values) Should Barbie be banned? (value) Should reality T.V. shows have regulations? (policy) What is true beauty? (definition) Is video gaming good or bad? (value) Are beauty contests a positive thing for young girls? (value) Are participation trophies in chuck palahniuk, athletics a good idea? (policy) Are overbearing sports parents helpful or harmful? (definition) Should young children be pushed to compete at athletics? (policy) Should children have scheduled activities or be left more time for application essay free play? (value) What is the school thesis statement generator, cause of the increase in child obesity? (cause) How can we encourage children to be more active? (policy) Should people on welfare be required to submit to drug testing? (policy) Why do so many celebrities have terrible life problems? (cause) Should media coverage be regulated? (policy) What is the effect of media coverage on application, elections? (fact) What is human trafficking? (definition) How can human trafficking be stopped? (policy) How do elected female officials differ from elected males? (fact) How important is it to have equal representation of thinking nursing process, genders and races in political office? (value) How can we support the election of more females to political offices? (policy) How can we get more minorities to become police officers? (policy) How can the application, rights of artists and film statement generator, writers be protected on the Internet? (policy) Why should you pay for your music? (value) Does religious persecution exist? (fact) Should people be allowed to make designer babies? (value) What can be done to reduce unemployment among young African American men? (policy) Should the minimum wage be raised or lowered? (policy) This essay argues that sometimes, a nursing home can be the best choice. New Job Essay. Poor Across Oceans. This essay argues that we need to care more for people in developing countries. Thesis. Hunger Hurts. How can we solve the problem of hunger? Should we have a national high school exam? (policy) Is private school tuition (elementary, high school, or college) really worth it? (value) Does statewide testing (like the application essay, TAKS/STAAR test in Texas) really increase student knowledge? (cause) Should colleges abolish reliance on SAT and chuck palahniuk, ACT scores in application essay, admissions? (policy) How should the chuck 36 essays, country's school system be reformed? (policy) Should the U.S. adopt an application, educational system like Europe's? (policy) What causes students to chuck palahniuk 36 essays, graduate from high school without basic skills? (cause) How do American students compare with students from other countries? (fact) What role should technology play in application essay, education? (value) What is the value of critical nursing, a liberal arts education? (value) Should students be required to take foreign language courses (or any other type of specific course)? Does adding days to the school year really improve learning? (fact) Should schools continue to spend money on fine arts? (value) How should students whose first language is not English be taught in public schools? (policy) Should college athletes be paid? (policy) Cell phones control our relationships. (definition) Computers are changing the way humans think. (fact) Texting and cell phone use has caused young people to new job, be less able to thesis for architecture, concentrate and focus (or you can do the new job application essay, reverse—has caused them to school generator, be able to handle multi-tasking more effectively and efficiently). (cause) Cell phones have changed the application essay, way we relate to each other in positive ways. Chuck Palahniuk 36 Essays. (value) Cell phones, texts, and emails are not as good as talking face-to-face. (value) Textbooks should be replaced by i-Pads and online resources. (policy) How are online technologies changing the way we live? (policy) How is technology changing our definition of what it means to be human? (value) What laws should we have about cell phone use in cars? (policy) How is social media changing family relationships? (definition) Should parents limit teenagers' use of social media? (policy) What privacy policies should be upheld by new job application, social media companies? (policy) What should (and should not) be posted on Facebook by college students? (value) Should scientists be allowed to experiment on human embryos? (value) What is nanotechnology? What are its applications and possible uses in the future? (definition) Which kind of topic are you most interested in? Is China the Next Superpower? (Fact) How should we respond to the global problem of illegal immigration? (policy) Would a border fence solve the immigration problem in the U.S.? (fact) What is the relationship between immigration and nationality? (definition) What causes people to immigrate illegally? (cause) Should the U.S. have a visitor work program? (policy) How has immigration affected the history of the U.S.? (definition) Should all states have laws giving policemen the right to require people to film school, prove their legal status? (policy) How can legal immigration be streamlined? (policy) Who should be allowed to application, immigrate?
Who should not? (value) How many illegal immigrants live in 36 essays, the U.S.? Who are they and application, where do they live? (fact) Toilet Video Games? Have We Gone Too Far? Is war inevitable? How does war become integral to society? (definition) How do people justify war? (value) What might help establish peace? (policy) Should the U.S. continue to act as a policeman for other countries? (value) How should the United States defend itself against terrorism? (policy) Is drone warfare ethical? (value) How is cyber warfare becoming more important? (fact) Is the U.S. engaging in cyber attacks on other countries? (fact) How did 9/11 change the way Americans feel about themselves as a world power? (definition) Should military spending in the U.S. increase or decrease? (policy) How important is race to American identity? (fact) To what extent does individual identity depend on ethnic affiliation? (definition) How does immigration from Latin America affect the culture of bar work letter, America? (fact) Why do Americans think in new job essay, terms of a person having one race when so many Americans have a mixed racial, cultural, and/or ethnic background? (value) Is it a good idea for people to for architecture, adopt children from another ethnic group? (value) What is culture? (definition) What is the value of knowing your racial and cultural heritage? (value) Should schools be required to teach multiculturalism? (policy) Should churches work harder to be multi-racial? (value) How can parents help raise their children to be appreciative of essay, other cultures? (policy) Is global warming a problem and critical nursing, if so, what can we do about it? (fact) How can we resolve the economy versus environment debate? (policy) How can we be sure to provide clean water for everyone? (policy) What responsibility do Americans have for essay providing clean water to other nations? (value) How will the e procurement, worldwide population increase affect our planet? (fact) What can be done to stop poaching of endangered species? (policy) Is hunting good for the environment? (definition/fact) How can citizens be responsible for application essay their local environment? (policy) What can manufacturers do to time cover, help clean up the earth? (fact) What is the importance of clean water? (fact) What is the relationship between health and pollution? (fact) How does the current trend of species extinction compare to the past? (fact) What can Americans do to application, stop global pollution? (policy) How can we encourage people to of extensionality, recycle more? (value) How does global warming increase the new job application, dangers of disease in the U.S.? (fact) Sometimes, it can help to look through your textbook to thesis, find essays to spark ideas. In my class, we use a book by Nancy Wood called Perspectives on Argument . In the back of this book is a list of suggested issues and articles related to those issues. Usually, these articles are just a start for looking for a topic. You can take an idea from the article you like and then research it to application essay, find out what different people think about that issue.
Still having trouble finding a topic? Try looking up an issue you are interested in on YouTube. You might get some good ideas just browsing around. Sometimes the title of for architecture, a video can give you a main idea and title. Especially look for ideas that can be turned into questions that you can argue pro new job essay or con. Whether you go online or look at chuck a paper copy, you can use the news to new job application essay, give you an idea of what to e procurement papers, write about. Just remember that if you are doing a research paper that you will need to cite any sources that you use, so make sure you keep a copy. How to Write an Evaluation Paper with Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 15. Application Essay. 100 Easy Argumentative Essay Topic Ideas with Research Links and Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 32. How to Write a Reflective Essay with Sample Essays. by of extensionality, Virginia Kearney 21.
How to Write a Reflective Essay with Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 21. How to new job application essay, Write a Summary, Analysis, and Response Essay Paper With Examples. by thesis synopsis, Virginia Kearney 55. 100 Cause and Effect Essay Topics. by Virginia Kearney 37. Virginia Kearney 2 weeks ago from United States. Hi Rosie--You have a good topic and an interesting personal connection. I'd suggest that you do a frame story introduction and conclusion.
Start with your situation and then stop part-way through and ask the new job application essay, question: should you call CPS? Then do your answer and tell why or why not. Finish with telling the school generator, end of your story. See my articles on How to write an argument paper and How to new job, write a position paper for full instructions. Part Time Bar Work Cover Letter. Wondering how to write a position essay. Topic should you call Child Protective Services. In my personal life we are going through a situation where we called the child protective services but much is not being done. Was thinking if I choose this topic I could write some of our family's frustration about the situation, don't know how to go about writing this essay. Virginia Kearney 4 weeks ago from United States. Khen--You can find help if you look for my articles about how to write different kinds of position or argument papers. I have several different articles that can lead you step by step through the process.
Can you please help me in application, my position paper? Virginia Kearney 2 months ago from thesis United States. Roami, You have an interesting idea. I think one way for you to get some good information to new job application, start your paper is to research why local languages are not included in the instruction first. Next, you might want to interview some people to find out their positions and to get some quotes on this topic. Finally, you might want to thesis synopsis for architecture, get some research articles which show whether or not using a local or home language of a student helps them to learn better. In the United States, research has shown that students who receive some instruction in their own language at least at first often do better in the long run than a child who is fully immersed in English. Application. In my own experience as a teacher, I discovered that children who came to an all-English classroom before grade 2 or 3, generally was very competent in that language by age 12. However, if they entered an time bar work cover, all English school later, they were often not able to application essay, catch up. However, that only works if the child is in a school where no one else speaks their native language (as is often true in the U.S. but not true in a school where all the children speak their local language together).
You have a wonderful topic and part bar work, one that is very important for new job your country to consider. I wish you great success in your paper. pls, i need u to look into this position topic for me. Should local languages be made as compulsory as religious languages in thesis of extensionality, schools. Virginia Kearney 4 months ago from United States. New Job Application. Hi Sam, you might want to try my article about Funny Argumentative Essay Topic Ideas, or else do the negative of 36 essays, any idea here or in one of my many other argument essays. In a devil's advocate paper, you want to go against what most people think. Here are a few ideas just to essay, get you thinking: Why Trump will be regarded as one of our top 5 presidents. Why we should leave ISIS alone. Why race is thesis of extensionality less a problem in America than Europe. Application. Why the critical thinking nursing process, leader of North Korea isn't really crazy. I have this assignment of playing the role of new job application essay, devil's advocate and I can't think of thesis synopsis for architecture, a good topic! ( I personally prefer a political related topic).
Virginia Kearney 6 months ago from United States. New Job Essay. Aidyn-You add a very interesting position topic. I had not thought about schools making rules against e procurement research, fasting but it certainly could hurt a child's performance in school if they were fasting for a longer period than a day or two. That could cause a school to be concerned. Thanks for your comment and idea.
Aidyn Krikorian 6 months ago. I greatly appreciate your website, and I have a suggestion for a topic. New Job. Should we allow fasting or other religious acts in of extensionality, schools? This topic facsinates me and I do hope you will consider it. I have chosen a topic to use for new job a paper from this webpage and will be returning. Thank you, Aidyn. Virginia Kearney 6 months ago from United States. Rose--You did not mention what aspect of process, culture you are writing about which makes it hard to essay, help you. However, for example, if you are writing a paper arguing to people that only like modern music that classical music is worth listening to, you could start by talking about what you agree with about modern music and film thesis statement generator, acknowledge why people of your generation might prefer to listen to new job application essay, it.
Then you could explain why they would actually enjoy classical music if they gave it a try or explain how they could grow to part cover letter, appreciate that kind of music. I need help on my regerian Argument eassy on culture. I dont now how to start it, Does anyone knows how.thanks. Preston Heard 8 months ago. These are great topics for the upcoming research essays.
I will definitely be using one of them. Thank you for this resource! Aaron Gibson 8 months ago. Excited for your class this semester! Matt Hartman 8 months ago. This article along with many of the other articles you have written will be very helpful this semester! I'm looking forward to your class! Virginia Kearney 11 months ago from United States. New Job Application. Look for e procurement papers my articles about new job application how to film school thesis, write argument or position essays for lots of new job, ideas on how to introduce essays and find sources.
Luckily, Google Scholar has lots of excellent peer-reviewed essays that are good sources, but you can also find many good sources that come from government, Universities or published journals that post online (look for .gov, .edu or a journal that also appears in print). One easy way to synopsis, start your introduction is to tell a story about application a student who is generally shy (or maybe bullied) but gets excited (and more included by others) when they are able to share about bar work their own culture during a multiculturalism unit. I am doing an Apa essay on should schools be required to teach multiculturalism any idea on application essay, how I should start my intro and what sources I should use? Virginia Kearney 11 months ago from critical United States. Bebe--You don't tell me whether your paper is a research paper or not, but I've written many articles on how to application, write different sorts of essays. You can use the search engine on HubPages to find them, or look at chuck palahniuk the links that usually appear when you pull up one of my articles. Search Argument essays or How to Write a Position Essay or just type in VirginiaLynne.
To start a paper on your topic, I think I would use a story in the introduction showing a miscommunication when people don't talk face to new job application essay, face. Hey . Can you please help me in my position paper . I dont how to critical process ppt, start . My topic is cellphone,texts and emails are not as good as talking face to face . It is from yours sample :) thank you. Application Essay. I think that is video gaming good or bad is a great topic to choose. Virginia Kearney 18 months ago from United States. Yes Alsaifl, I think that What is beauty? could be a topic. You are right that your answer would be a definition claim. Jumanah Alsaif 18 months ago. Is the topics What is film true beauty? (definition) a good topic for a position paper? I was thinking of writing how the definition of beauty is new job application different for each individual.
Brittany Adams 14 2 years ago. Thank you so much for posting! This helps a lot with my writing! Tariq Ali Khan 2 years ago. Excellent work buddy! Thank you so much ! Kristen Howe 2 years ago from thesis Northeast Ohio. Application. Great topics for a variety of part time bar work cover letter, essays for everyone who needs to be inspired. New Job Essay. Voted up for synopsis for architecture useful! That Tom Hanks video is essay hilarious.
These ideas are very thought-provoking and inspiring! Virginia Kearney 2 years ago from United States. Cindy A. Part Time Bar Work Cover Letter. So glad I was able to give you some good information! Unbelievable. You have helped me enormously.
Thank you so much. Thank you for these great topics. VJG 2 years ago from Texas. This would be an interesting article for school students. They always seem to struggle for essay ideas. Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from United States. Hi Safa--Here are the main steps: 1. Choose a question you are going to new job, write about. Then think about e procurement research what your answer to the question is going to be.
2. Decide what you want your reader to think, do or believe after they read your essay. Essay. That is your thesis (the answer to of extensionality, your question). Application Essay. 3. Decide who you want to school thesis generator, persuade to believe this (that is your reader or audience). Think about what that reader already knows and believes about your topic. That will help you develop your arguments. The reader should not be someone who already believes what you do. Application Essay. If they do, you aren't really arguing are you? 4. Think of at least 3 reasons why your reader should believe your thesis. Those reasons will be the main body part of your essay. 5. Think of examples or evidence which supports each of those reasons. Time Bar Work Cover Letter. That is what you will use to support those three reasons.
6. What objections will your reader have? Write those out and also your answers to those objections. This will be a paragraph after your reasons. 7. For your conclusion think of what good will come if your reader believes you. Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from United States. Hi katha- if you look at new job application essay the bottom right blue box I have the critical nursing ppt, links to sample essays. These are student essays so they are published by my students under their own names here on hubpages. Maybe I should move these up on the page so you can find them more easily.
Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from application essay United States. Samarah--Yes I think that vaccinating children is thesis synopsis a very good topic. You can also narrow that to new job, particular types of vaccinations that are new like the nursing process ppt, chickenpox vaccine or the HPV. Another possible argument on new job application, this topic is whether or not it is true that vaccines are the main reason for of extensionality better health in application, people today than in thesis, the past. New Job. Is the right to vaccinate children a good topic? Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from research United States. Application. I think you can do something related to obesity or how different types of food are good or bad for thesis generator your health. Or you can talk about GMO foods or organic or locally grown produce. Virginia Kearney 5 years ago from United States. Xstatic--I love the fact that you do have a position on everything--I like to look at all sides of things and application, that is chuck 36 essays great as an instructor teaching positions, because I can play the devils advocate, but sometimes I do need to just nail down my own point of view!
Jim Higgins 5 years ago from Eugene, Oregon. A great how to for position papers. I have not written one for years, though I have a position on almost everything. New Job Essay. Useful Hub and well done as usual. Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners.
Other product and company names shown may be trademarks of their respective owners. HubPages ® is a registered Service Mark of HubPages, Inc. HubPages and Hubbers (authors) may earn revenue on this page based on affiliate relationships and advertisements with partners including Amazon, Google, and others. 36 Essays. Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners.
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Two Short Essays For A Job Application - English Forums
essays for english How to new job write your best essay ever! English biz has separate guides for cover, each of the types of writing you'll meet on your course but this particular guide is probably the most important of them all. New Job! It will show you how to construct an effective, well-structured argument-based essay. How do you feel when you're given an essay to write? Do you fill with f-f-fear? W-w-wobble with worry? P-p-pour with perspiration? Well, here's a way that make the whole process more satisfying and enjoyable! Okay, he's off his rocker (but we won't worry as he's not real!).
He's yet to discover that writing an essay is never going to be an easy task, even for the best writers. But you're about to find out how it can be made much more straightforward , interesting and effective . Oh, and of extensionality, likely to new job application gain you a significantly higher grade, too! So that's something to feel, well. Thesis Synopsis! just a little bit excited about! It's important to understand one thing before we start: unlike a maths or science question, an English essay question has no single 'correct' answer. You can breathe easy on new job essay, that one. It's just not like that. In an English essay there is no one 'answer' and nothing to 'prove'. That isn't to say there aren't wrong answers - there are. These are those based on 'mis-readings' of your texts. But what your teacher or examiner wants is a reasonable, informed, explained and well-supported view . In a nutshell, that's it.
An essay requires this from you: a succinct opening in which you give an e procurement research, overview of your response to new job essay the essay question. This is a kind of 'super-condensed' response that sums up your whole response in a line or two. you can add to the opening sentences, a very brief explanation of wh at aspects of the text brought you to this view . If you can give, say, four - six aspects, then you are setting out the coming structure of your essay . There is no better way to begin an essay than like this. From this point on you will never be left scratching your head wondering what to write next. the remainder of the essay is merely a series of PEE paragraphs that, point by point, argue the case for what you have just stated. Each point (P) needs its own paragraph and to have support (E) from the text (either a quotation, or an explanation of some aspect of form or structure ) along with with an explanation (E) of of extensionality how the text brought you to such a view, the effects it created, the methods the author used to create the effects and, finally, its relevance to the text, that is, the author's purposes . That's it. Done and application, dusted! More detail below if needed. The secret of part time bar work a good essay? Make it an argument ! An effective essay is a piece of new job application essay writing that makes a strong and well-supported case for a stated viewpoint . The view it makes the case for is your response to the essay title or question . You'll have arrived at after a couple of readings of the text, more if a poem, and chuck palahniuk 36 essays, one of which will be a so-called 'close-reading' when you annotate the text carefully in line with whatever the essay question asks, seeking out support as quotations or explanations of application useful effects created by form and thesis synopsis, structure . So your essay starts with a clear statement of your opinion . It could be something like, as an example: 'Shakespeare's theme of violence in Romeo and Juliet is shown especially effectively through the opening scene, as well as through the characters of Mercutio and Tybalt and an analysis of these three dramatic aspects will form the basis of this essay.' The opening overview is sometimes called a thesis statement . The 'thesis' is your response, i.e. the heart of new job essay your 'argument'.
It's what the essay goes on thesis synopsis for architecture, to explain and support to show that it is a view that is new job application essay well - considered, based on thinking nursing ppt, the text and reasonable to essay hold . Essays are about opinions, not facts. This point is crucial to take on board. There is never a straightforward right answer to an essay q uestion or title. There are wrong answers, of course - caused through, for example, misinterpreting the thinking text; but the 'answer' to new job application an essay question will always be a point of view . Essays deal in opinions, not facts . This is why your teacher is looking to read your views and thesis, why you have come to think in this particular way. How do you arrive at a 'thesis' or overview? This is the tough part - there's no getting away from that. Not least, this is because it puts to the test your knowledge of the text and your understanding of the application essay title or question . The good news is that when it's done and done well, the chuck 36 essays remainder of the essay becomes much more straightforward and far more interesting to write, perhaps even a little exciting! The Outline Structure for an Effective Essay. As already stated above, this first paragraph needs to open with a clearly stated summary of application essay your whole 'answer' along with an palahniuk 36 essays, equally brief summary of the aspects of the text you'll be analysing to show your stated view is application essay sound . It is these early sentences that provide the major 'signposts' that give your essay and its general direction.
Importantly, you need to set a confident tone early on in the essay. This can be done by adding in e procurement a very few details to show you've grasped the text's big picture . This should be a brief comment (brevity is everything in the opening paragraph) on the major details of the story (poem or whatever) along with an equally brief statement of any relevant context , (that is the situation you feel brought the writer to want to write their text, including key aspects of their social , cultural and literary contexts ). This will, though, always need to be focused on the needs of the essay question . Notice how you are constantly seeking to avoid waffle and generalised 'bolted on' comments ; instead, you need to keep all you write tightly focused on the needs of the essay title or question. This is the new job bulk of the essay. It is a series of paragraphs each introduced with a new clear important and wholly relevant point . Sadly, it's all too easy to thesis open a in a way that inspires little confidence and which drifts from the essay question or argument. Avoid this by opening each and every paragraph in a way that is new job application clearly and directly developing the part time cover letter essay's 'answer' or argument . If you started by new job application essay stating the four-six aspects you'll be covering in your essay, then you'll have no difficulty knowing what to write in these body paragraphs. This is where you restate, in a different form, your opening argument and give a brief list of the major points you have made along with a comment about the wider implications and relevance of what you have found. It will help to school thesis generator think back to the imaginary classroom situation. What would follow on from the highly condensed 'answer' you gave to your teacher? Your teacher might say, 'Good, that's a fair view to hold - but why do you think that?
Show me from the text itself what made you think that way.' In the written essay, you'll need to be providing a whole lot more 'evidence' mainly in the form of quotations each one itself supported by a commentary derived from an analysis of the quotation's literary and linguistic content . However, with a central and guiding argument starting off and flowing through the entire essay, it now becomes much easier to application essay search the text for aspects and quotations that will provide good quality evidence to support the thesis for architecture essay's points. Each point and supporting quotation needs to be followed by an analysis and comment . Some teachers call this the essay P.E.E. Critical! ( point example explanation ) or P.Q.C. ( point quotation comment ) system. This is needed to explain how and why the aspect of the text or the quotation 'works' within the context of the essay question and the originally stated argument. Certain key questions need to be answered concerning each quotation used: What techniques have been used to new job make the language of the palahniuk 36 essays quotation effective? This means discussing the writer's methods , e.g. Application! through the creation of realistic dialogue; the use of an effective metaphor; through vivid description; onomatopoeia; alliteration; effective stage directions, etc. How does the method used affect the reader's understanding of the text and its themes (e.g. 'the effect of this passage is to school thesis statement generator create a sense of really being there for the reader. New Job Application! ')? Why was this method used (i.e. what was the cover letter writer's purpose )? E.g. New Job! 'At this point on the story the school thesis statement author wants to gain the reader's attention in new job application essay order to e procurement papers begin exploring the new job application essay overall theme of injustice. ' MARK GRABBING TIP No. 1!
Begin all of your paragraphs in thesis of extensionality such a way that it is absolutely clear you are focused on the essay question and its requirements, thus building up your overall argument. This will keep the essay on track and avoid the plague of application essay poor essays: wandering, digression and waffle! What if your essay title isn't in the form of a question? When considered as a question, you will often find it is easier to of extensionality generate that all-important single main point of view to it - the new job application main idea upon thinking process ppt which you will then base the remainder of your essay . Here is an example of a main idea succinctly stated (i.e. thesis statement ) that could be used to create an argument essay from the above question: The remainder of this - or any other - essay must then be no more than a linked series of points with each point explained , developed and supported in a paragraph of application its own . School Statement Generator! These points must all be directly related to the main idea you have already explained in the opening paragraph, which itself is your response to the essay title or question.
Remember that each point - each paragraph - must set out to new job essay explain , develop and support some aspect of part time bar work cover your over-riding main idea and nothing more . In this example, the new job application paragraph that follows the opening paragraph - the first of what is called the body paragraphs of film thesis your essay - could be based on new job, the point that the theme of ambition is shown through what Macbeth and Lady Macbeth are given by Shakespeare to say and do in Act One of the play. The third paragraph of your essay - its second body paragraph - might then explore, develop and support how the theme of thesis of extensionality ambition is shown through these two characters in some part of new job application Act 2, and so on. Below you'll find lots more detail and ideas for writing an effective essay but with luck, the thesis synopsis for architecture above will have given you the basic idea. Aim to 'integrate' words or phrases from the text you are studying directly into your own sentences (still using quotation marks, of course). Don't overdo this effective technique, but used sparingly, this use of 'embedded' quotations can help create a very impressive style, one that suggests you have a good grasp of the text and the essay question. Here are some examples of how to essay use embedded quotations. The first is nursing process from the opening of John Steinbeck's novel, 'Of Mice and Men': 'Small and quick' George is presented by Steinbeck as a character in complete contrast to his friend, the lumbering and 'shapeless' Lennie.
Here is a similarly embedded quotation from J B Priestley's 'An Inspector Calls': As the application Inspector says, 'We don't live alone' and this is an important message Priestley gives his audience. Finally, see how this can be done using John Agard's poem, 'Half-Caste': Perhaps Agard also wants his reader to 'come back tomorrow' with a different attitude towards those they might feel are in any way different from themselves. MORE TIPS AND MORE DETAIL! Essays take a great deal of thesis effort and time and so deserve careful preparation. T he most common failing examiners find is a lack of new job application essay understanding of the text on part time bar work cover, which the essay is based. This is to take the road signpos ted 'Failure'. But you're heading elsewhere. So. get to know your text well. You won't succeed if you don't!
I f you struggle with the text, read it through again with a study guide to hand. Also, talk the new job application text over with friends or your teacher. Thesis Synopsis! There is new job more help with specific texts here . Many essay writers fail to create an initial main viewpoint or drift from this single focus. Chuck Palahniuk! This loses marks as it leads to waffle , vagueness and essay, generalisation . As you've read above, another common pitfall is to focus too much on synopsis, the surface features of the application text you are writing about. This happens when you write at length about the thesis meaning of the text, i.e. by telling what happens in it. In effect, all you are doing when you do this is to retell the story of the text. You need to new job application be discussing how and why the author has created an papers, effective text through careful, interesting and effective choices of style and language as well as structure . M ore marks are lost if you forget the need to support the points you make in each paragraph. A good idea is to application essay try to use at least one quotation - or reference to the text - per paragraph. Remember, too, that this is an research papers, English essay and this means you need to reflect how authors use language and literary techniques in effective ways in their writing . Aim only to choose quotations that contain important elements in them that will allow you to discuss in depth aspects of, for example, their literary style , language or structure. Consider discussing, for example, how the quotation acts to build tension , mood , character , a sense of place or how it helps explore one of the text's themes . Discuss, too, how the quotation works both at the point it occurs and as a contribution to the whole , i.e. the way it helps the application writer achieve his or her purpose . This means you need to discuss aspects of the quotation such as its effectiveness - which means discussing aspects of language , structure and style . 1. DEVELOP A STRONG INITIAL FOCUS FOR YOUR ESSAY.
The word 'essay' comes from a French word meaning 'attempt': your essay is of extensionality your attempt to argue for your point of view , a view that when succinctly expressed is called a thesis statement . This 'thesis statement' needs to application essay be an idea you developed based on film school thesis generator, an interpretation of whatever aspect of the new job application essay text is asked in the essay question. Interpretation means considering how a text operates at different levels ; it is your interpretation of the thesis generator text that will be at application the heart of the essay: an interpretation that must supports the thesis for architecture overall thesis statement. 2. FIND SOLID SUPPORT FOR YOUR VIEWPOINT. You will need to search through the text and note down a series of aspects and quotations that can be used to support the essay overall view you have developed. Use 'post-it notes' to help with this or write the aspects/quotations down separately. Choose aspects or quotations that you can analyse successfully for film generator, the methods used , effects created and purpose intended . 3. WRITE AN EFFECTIVE OPENING PARAGRAPH. Use your introductory paragraph to new job application essay state your point of critical thinking process ppt view , i.e. your thesis statement. The purpose of your opening paragraph is to make clear your thesis statement - response to the essay question: that is, to explain the focus of your argument - your main idea or point of view. Stated clearly at the opening to your essay, this shows how you intend to answer the essay question and new job essay, what general direction your essay will take.
Following your thesis statement, it's a good idea to add a little more detail that acts to 'preview' each of the major points that you will cover in the body of the essay. This opening paragraph will then act to thesis show - succinctly - where you stand regarding the new job application questions and how you intend to answer it. Importantly, in the opening paragraph of your essay you will also need to write an overview of the text, one that gives a succinct summary of the ' big picture ' of the text; importantly, too, of course, this must be focused on the requirements of the essay question. Giving a succinct account of the big picture of the text in the opening paragraph will show that you have engaged with and digested the detail of part bar work letter three key aspects of the essay: the essay question, the text and its author - perhaps also, a brief account of the author's context . Giving an overview suggests a confident approach and is a hallmark of the best essays. TIP: It is always impressive to incorporate into your own sentences, using quotation marks of course, a short suitable quotation taken from the text. Some teachers call this using embedded quotations. Keep all references to new job application the biographical background of the author and any aspects of e procurement research papers his or her context entirely relevant to the essay question and - brief! Remember that this is not a history or a sociology essay so very few marks are awarded for this kind of background information (although that does not mean it might not be useful).
The majority of marks in an English essay are awarded for the quality of analysis and interpretation you show - that is, an awareness of the author's uses of the English language and essay, literary uses of thesis this. If your essay title does concern aspects of application essay context try hard to discuss context by deriving your comments from quotations rather than by merely discussing aspects of context; in other words allow the text to introduce the context. TIP: avoid making simplistic and irrelevant value judgments of the text or its author. Saying that Shakespeare is 'a wonderful author' or that you think 'Of Mice and Men' is 'really good' will gain no marks whatsoever - this is no more than a kind of waffle that fills space with empty words that add nothing useful to your essay. 4. USE THE REMAINING PARAGRAPHS EFFECTIVELY.
Follow the opening paragraph with a number of paragraphs that form the 'body' of the essay. Each of these paragraphs are there purely to chuck palahniuk expand on and support your originally stated overall viewpoint. Having stated your main idea in your opening paragraph, now you need explore this, develop it and provide support from the text for this. In the new job essay's body paragraphs your aim is to: follow the analysis system called P.E.E. or P.Q.C. For more on this see here ; work through the text's structure logically and, highlighting via the use of quotations, explain how these led you to develop your point of view; comment on how the language of each of these parts led you to form your interpretation: why did the author choose this particular type of language to make this point in this way? How does it help a) the research audience and b) the writer's purpose or theme ? discuss how this individual part of the text forms a useful structural part of the text by leading the reader towards an overall understanding of the themes, messages or purposes of the text; CRUCIALLY. each paragraph needs to develop a separate and essay, individual point - one that will help to show how different parts and aspects of the text helped you develop your interpretation and viewpoint (this is the synopsis for architecture POINT part of application P.E.E.);
A useful tip is to critical thinking process open each paragraph with a topic sentence . This is a sentence that clearly makes a point that is developing your argument - your answer to the essay question - and, because it is, therefore, clearly focused on the essay question, it will keep your writing on track; Always aim to provide support for each of the points you make by referring directly to the text (this is the EXAMPLE part of P.E.E.). You normally do this by quoting briefly from a relevant part of the application essay text but you might choose to for architecture describe an event. It's very important NOT to write a long description of WHAT happens. New Job Essay! If you do you are merely 'retelling the story' - this loses many marks.
In a play you also lose marks if you do not discuss aspects of the staging and stage action. You will need to follow each quotation with an explanation of and a discussion on aspects of the language the author used in thesis the quotation; this means discussing, for example, how aspects of the quotations literary, poetic or dramatic language works, including mentioning the method the writer used, the effect the language creates and the reasons this might have been done (this is the EXPLAIN part of P.E.E). You should also aim to new job application show how the quotation helped you develop your overall interpretation of the text (this is also the EXPLAIN part of P.E.E). 5. Thesis! CREATE A LOGICAL STRUCTURE. Always work in a clear way through the new job text, from beginning to critical thinking ppt end. Avoid starting your essay by discussing a point that occurs half way through your text: ALWAYS begin at the beginning!
Many students begin discussing a text half way through or even near the end then go back to an earlier point. This ignores the work the writer puts in to develop an effective structure to their text - and loses marks! 6. CONCLUDE EFFECTIVELY. The conclusion to essay an essay is important but causes problems for 36 essays, many students. It should leave your reader with a pleasant and logical sense of 'closure' - a 'wrapping up' of the main ideas behind the essay . 1. Re-state in application a different form (using rather different words) your opening argument. 2. Now bring together your main points (again, avoiding simple repetition of the thesis same words): list or summarise the main points from the preceding paragraphs (use the topic sentences from each paragraph to give you an idea). 3. End by identifying some of the wider implications and relevance that arise from what you have found and explored.
The conclusion should consist of just a few sentences but these will need to be made to sound convincing and authoritative . It's crucial to keep the conclusion brief and to the point and, above all else, to introduce no new material at all. ALWAYS WRITE ANALYTICALLY , NEVER DESCRIPTIVELY. Here is an example of how many students go wrong; don't worry, you won't - but this is new job a very common mistake: In William Shakespeare's play, 'Romeo and Juliet', these are the first two lines of the 'Prologue' as spoken by 'The Chorus': 'Two households, both alike in dignity, In fair Verona, where we lay our scene. ' What follows is a typical 'retelling': an 'overview' or 'translation' that gains no marks : 'Here, Shakespeare is saying that the play is set in Verona where there are two dignified families.' Compare the above 'description' with this analytical and insightful interpretation : 'The opening lines of the Prologue are important because they paint a picture for film thesis statement generator, the audience of what could and should be - fairness and dignity. These words set up a powerful contrast to what is: the violence, hatred and bloodshed shown in the coming scene. It will be against this violent backdrop that the new job essay pure love of Romeo and Juliet will have to struggle.' Which approach and style would gain the higher mark? STUCK FOR WHAT TO WRITE ABOUT? THERE ARE FOUR KEY ASPECTS THAT APPLY TO ALL TEXTS AND WHICH SHOULD FORM THE BASIS OF ANY LITERATURE ESSAY.
FORM, CONTENT, STRUCTURE AND STYLE. This is so very often ignored despite the fact that it provides the basis for the very best essays because it provides a subtle response. And subtlety always receives the highest marks ! When you write about school thesis statement generator, a text at application the level of thesis of extensionality its form , you analyse how aspects of it other than the new job application meaning of film statement generator its language have been used by the writer in important and new job application essay, effective ways. To give you an idea of the film school thesis statement generator importance of form to a text, you yourself make use of the form of language when you speak loudly or softly , or when you chat or text a friend and use CAPS LOCK. Also, when you create short or long sentences or paragraphs you are affecting the look - the form - of essay your writing. This, albeit subtly, affects the way the writing is received and interpreted. A novelist makes use of form by writing in sentences and paragraphs of varying lengths (you can imagine the part letter effect a very short sentence, or a one-line paragraph, for example). The use of dialogue (spoken words shown inside speech marks) is also an effective use of essay form, as is the use of underlining , bold or italics - or, in non-fiction texts, the thesis of extensionality inclusion of bullet points or sections. Poets are acutely aware of and new job application, very creative with the use of form. Papers! A poet makes use of form, for example, by consciously splitting up sentences into new job application, the lines of poetry . Thesis Of Extensionality! This allows the poet to exaggerate a particular word by placing it at the end of a line, or by rhyming it with a similar sounding word. A non-fiction writer makes use of form by using layout and appearance and by new job application adding illustrations and photographs , and so on.
All writers use form by synopsis using patterns of sound , such as by using alliteration , rhyme , rhythm , onomatopoeia , assonance and so on. A playwright, of application course, uses form very differently. When your essay concerns a play, therefore, you'll definitely be losing marks if you ignore aspects of form. In a play, much of the 'meaning' is created not from language but from what you see happening on the stage - the staging and stage action. Film Thesis Statement! This includes not just what the application actors do but what they wear , where they stand and so on generator, - all potentially important formal aspects of the play that should find their way onto your essay. Form is always worthy of comment when (but only new job, when ) if it adds usefully to the meaning, i.e. the content of e procurement a text. Every word and phrase has a literal meaning . This is application essay its basic dictionary meaning. It's sometimes called a word's denotation . E.g. 'In this story, the author's detailed description of darkness denotes the coming on thesis synopsis for architecture, of a storm'.
This is a way of 'playing' around with a word's meaning that makes writing more vivid , emotional and interesting . Application! Words and phrases can be used differently from their literal context and given what is called a connotation . Using connotation or figurative language , a writer can introduce layers of meaning - especially emotional meaning (don't forget that many words can create both meaning and feeling ). The most common way this is done is to use a word not for its literal meaning but for its metaphorical or figurative meaning. Synopsis! Another way is to essay use a word that acts as symbolically and represents something very different from its literal meaning. E.g. 'As well as suggesting the 36 essays coming of a storm, the darkness also acts to suggest a metaphorical darkness is taking over the character's mind. In this way the darkness seems to be symbolising a kind of evil'. Using a pun - a witty play on words - is another way that meaning can be played with in an interesting way.
Punning works because some words, in a certain context, can have an ambiguous meaning - two possible meanings - one of which might be humorous. Irony is a key way that writers use to create layers of meaning. Sarcasm is irony, but this is a spoken form of irony that is intended to application essay hurt someone's feelings by ridiculing some aspect of them. It's a crude, easy kind of irony not really subtle enough for writing. Irony is usually subtle , sophisticated , edgy and witty ; an altogether more intelligent use of language. But irony can also be difficult to recognise - yet it is probably true to say that irony is one of the most common means by which a sophisticated writer creates layers of for architecture meaning in a text . Irony works because when it is recognised, it engages the reader very much more closely with the text. This is because, rather like solving a puzzle, there is a real enjoyment and satisfaction in unpicking the various levels of meaning created by the irony.
Creating an 'ironic tone of voice' in new job essay writing is much harder than in speech because the original sound of voice and thesis for architecture, facial expression or body language of the speaker are absent. To create an ironic tone (or any tone, for that matter), words have to be chosen with great care. It is a key reading skill to be able to detect this as it tells you what attitude the essay writer is taking towards their subject matter. An example of irony occurs in an old story by O. Henry called 'The Gift of the Magi'. This story of poor young lovers ends with the critical thinking nursing ppt boyfriend selling the one thing he owns of value, his pocket watch, in order to new job application essay buy his girlfriend an palahniuk, expensive hair comb; equally secretly, she has all of new job her long hair cut off to sell to papers a wig maker so she can afford to buy him. a chain for his watch. Structure is the way a writer consciously 'shapes' a piece of writing in application essay an attempt to make it as effective as possible for thesis generator, their audience and their purpose.
It is important to comment on new job application, the structure of part time bar work a text, e.g. New Job Application! 'The way the author slowly builds up the tension throughout this chapter helps create a feeling of real excitement and e procurement papers, mystery'. Style is the way a writer or speaker consciously chooses language and language features to application suit a particular audience to part time achieve a specific purpose . When you aim to convince your mum that Friday's party cannot be missed, you will consciously adapt your style to new job application one that is more emotional and persuasive! Some famous writers have a particular style of nursing process their own that is quickly recognisable. John Steinbeck, Charles Dickens and William Wordsworth are three such writers - here, a writer's individual style is new job application essay sometimes referred to statement generator as the writer's 'voice'. Your primary job when analysing and discussing a text is to comment on its style - on what are called the stylistic or language choices its writer has made, especially those that seem to you to have been chosen to new job application essay create a particular effect to achieve a certain purpose. So. Thesis! if you are commenting on the form and new job application essay, content of a writer's language, you are commenting on the writer's style . COMPARING TWO OR MORE TEXTS. Even though it's a central part of the mark scheme, and always made clear in the essay question or title, each year many students still manage to thesis synopsis write their comparison exam answer or coursework essay and forget to compare and contrast the new job application texts . Aside from not knowing the texts sufficiently well, failing to compare and contrast is the number one reason marks are lost in this kind of essay. When writing about more than one text, your opening paragraph should be used to papers give the briefest details of each text (i.e. your writing needs to be succinct !). This will mean being even more careful and sparing when you write an overview of each text, in new job essay which you give the big picture . There are two methods you can consider using when comparing texts: 1) Write about the first text fully before moving on thesis, to the second - still using the essay techniques outlined above; but when you go on to write about the second text, you must compare and contrast it with the first. 2) Alternatively, and this makes the most sense when thinking about the argument essay, you write about both texts as you proceed . This allows you still, as shown above, to film statement create a central argument , one in which examples to support the points are taken from one or both texts as relevant to the point.
This second method is the more complex and sophisticated of the two.