Good thesis statements for compare and contrast papers
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Compare or Contrast Theses and Support
A brief video that describes how to write a basic thesis statement. This is useful for the novice writer who needs assistance in writing
How to Write a Compare Contrast Thesis
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Compare And Contrast Thesis Sentence Templates
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Compare And Contrast Thesis Sentence Templates
law essay exam tips In most law schools, the exam counts for the entire grade in statements for compare and contrast, a course. Your class participation might count only if it is extraordinary. It's entirely up to the professor. Essay? Needless to say, this puts enormous stress on students to perform, which is good statements for compare papers all the more reason to understand exactly how exams are given and what the professor is looking for. Law school exams pose a hypothetical problem and ask you to resolve the legal issues. Tips For Writing Letter? Usually, the professor casts the question in the form of good thesis statements and contrast, a dispute between two fictional parties.
Your role in the drama is to ambition in life essay, act as either a lawyer counseling one of the parties or a judge deciding the case. The professor tests two skills . Issue spotting requires you to know what factual circumstances signal various legal problems for your client. Analysis requires you to apply the rule of and contrast papers, law to the set of facts. Some professors may want you to also recite the rule, but most schools don't test on rote memorization skills. After all, you can always look up the rule of law. Professors want to test whether you know when a problem is criteria present (i.e. issue-spotting) and secondarily whether you have an good for compare papers understanding of the narration rule through your analysis. Usually, there is no right answer to the dispute. The professor draws up the question so that either party could win in order to see how well you can weigh the various factors. A good exam acts as a review of the entire course by good thesis statements for compare touching on cv and letter each of the major issues. Since the thesis statements for compare exam is normally the only grade for the course, the professor wants to cover as much territory as possible.
Needless to say, this doesn't allow for in-depth analysis given that the average exam lasts only in life three hours. Consequently you only good thesis statements have time for a big picture analysis. Another way of putting it is 2012 that the writing should be wide and shallow. You should hit on all of the issues covered in statements papers, the course, but not spend too much time going into the details. In the narration essays words of one professor, the best exams have the character of inspired superficiality . 1. 1 University of California, Berkeley Boalt Hall School of Law Professor Willie Fletcher. The first principle of exam writing (or any writing for that matter) is to know your audience, then write specifically for that audience's level of understanding.
Your audience is one person - the good thesis for compare and contrast papers professor. Every professor has different quirks and weighs the factors differently in deciding on a grade - much like different courts applying a common law rule. You should ask your professor what she values in an exam. Some will insist that you state the rule; others favor policy arguments. Some professors add and detract points for on sportsman your use (or misuse) of the English language. Since the tools of a lawyer are briefs and good thesis statements for compare papers, contracts, a facility with the language should be part of the ambition in life essay overall test.
Some professors are even irrationally quirky, such as the one who marks down for using black ink instead of blue. Questions to ask your Professor before the exam: Do you want the rule stated or should we incorporate the rule into the analysis? How many questions will there be on the exam? What are the time restraints for each question? Can we bring in outlines or other source material? Do you want case names cited? Do you have any formatting preferences such as double spacing instead of statements and contrast papers, single spacing?
How do you distinguish between an excellent exam and a good exam? By listening closely during semester, you should have a good idea of what type of cv and cover, person your professor is. Does she list long-winded, detailed analyses that step through every nuance of a rule? Or does she like quick answers that are based on broad policy concerns? Realize that your professor may be reading as many as one hundred of these essays during the winter holidays after the good statements and contrast papers fall semester or the ambition in life Memorial Day weekend that kicks off summer.
Also realize that your professor has probably read essays like these for a long time. In other words, your professor has seen it all. The point here is that it pays to be brief and to get to the point. You should avoid cute language or adoring passages on how well you liked the class. Be thorough and touch on any issue you might see, but don't belabor the point. You only get so many points. Ultimately, professors have to come up with some sort of point system for grading; otherwise the subjective quality of essays would result in unfairness. The professor will develop a checklist and just mark points as she reads the exam. This means that you probably don't have to worry about stylistic issues, such as sentence construction and so on.
The professor is looking for thesis concepts, not grammatical mistakes. Be aware, however, that good writing is likely to be appreciated. The most conscientious professors will read the exams three times. On the first pass, she roughly ranks the essays to see how well the class did as a whole. This gives her a benchmark against which to grade each exam. On the second pass, the professor actually scores the exam.
On the last pass she just flips through the exams to make sure that she got it right. Step One: Take three deep breaths . This not only narration essays calms you down, it literally brings oxygen to your brain, which helps you think more clearly. Step Two: Get the big picture . Spend one minute and thesis statements, flip through the entire exam to get the narration essays big picture. Thesis? See how many questions there are and make some snap decisions on how to allocate your time based on the number of points assigned to each section. You should also note the nature of the essay questions. Book Report Criteria? For a Torts exam consisting of three questions, for instance, you know the teacher is likely to for compare papers, ask one question about extended each of the major areas - intentional torts, negligence and product liability. Confirm that this is the statements for compare case so that you have a good sense of 2012 help, how to allocate your time.
Step Three: Allocate your time . One of the big mistakes students make is to good thesis for compare and contrast papers, thoroughly answer the first three questions and leave only a scant answer on short essay the fourth essay. Getting an overview and allocating your time allows you to pinpoint when you have to move onto good statements for compare papers, the next issue. You should even allocate time within each essay question so you know how much time you have to essay spirit, spend on each major issue. For a one-hour essay, I suggest spending as much as ten to fifteen minutes reading and organizing the answer. For Compare Papers? For the writing section, make a decision of how much time you'll spend on each major issue or potential lawsuit.
Just split the time evenly among the issues. The idea here is to establish a strict time limit and keep your writing to that limit. Once, the time expires, move onto book report criteria, the next essay. Step Four: Read the first question twice . On the thesis statements for compare papers first pass, make notes in the margins of the big issues. Pay attention to the call of the question. What is the professor asking you to answer? Many students have programmed themselves to write a completely thorough answer the tips for writing minute they spot an issue. Statements? However, sometimes the professor may provide enough facts to do a complete analysis but really only want you to help, answer a specific question about the case. Be sure to note that one of the things professors like to test is whether you can follow directions. Step Five: Outline an statements for compare and contrast papers answer . See below.
Most students start writing as soon as they read the question. They freak out on sportsman spirit because they spot a dozen issues and good and contrast, think that they won't be able to thoroughly address all of the essays issues in the time allotted. It pays to papers, think before writing . Outlining helps you spot the issues. Even if you just jot down the major facts in a case, you will break the hypo into stages or elements. It will soon become apparent that the facts are meant to give rise to certain issues. If your professor has constructed an issue-laden exam, then it's critical to break the hypothetical into its component parts and organize the essay around the most important issues. How you outline an ambition answer differs with each course. In a Contracts exam, you usually write about events chronologically.
Timing about what was said when is usually an important factor in Contracts, thus the good thesis for compare and contrast best way to tips cover, analyze is chronologically. In contracts, Torts exam are usually organized according to parties. In Torts, the thesis statements for compare and contrast papers big question is who is liable for what harm? Consequently, there are usually many different people or companies that can sue one another. You can make the extended in literature best sense of a Torts question by outlining according to the party. Another important step during outlining is to adopt a position . Unless your professor says otherwise, you should at this point decide which party you are going to thesis and contrast papers, argue for. You should have some flexibility to change your mind on some issues, but you need to choose one way or the essay spirit other. Typically, the exam will be written in such a way that it's easy to go either way.
One common trap for thesis first year law students is to ambition in life, always want to prove the rule or legal theory to be true. Remember that you can find for either side. You need to adopt a point of view that you feel is papers strongest. Finally, remember that the exam outline is not something you hand in for credit. Consequently, don't spend time making it look pretty. Rather, develop shorthand for the principle issues in the case law. For instance, in Contracts, you might use.
for the issues of Offer, Acceptance and Consideration, which are the principal building blocks of a valid contract. Professors usually pack more issues into an exam than anyone can reasonably answer within the time allotted. Always address every issue even if only one or two elements are proven by the facts. Although there may not be enough evidence to letter, prove guilt or liability, you should still spot the issue for the professor. Professors purposefully make an issue ambiguous to see if you will bring it to her attention. Of course, you need to rank the issues according to importance. Write thoroughly about those issues that are more prominent or may have a greater impact. The sub-issues you can deal with in one or two sentences as you move through the analysis. Another problem that arises is differentiating between issues of fact and issues of law . Thesis Statements And Contrast? In issues of fact, the question is merely whether there is essays enough evidence to satisfy one of the elements of an established rule.
Here, it is good thesis for compare and contrast up to extended essay in literature, a trier of fact - usually a jury - to thesis for compare, decide which party is telling the truth. Depending on the nature of the rule, one of the parties may bear the burden of proving the truthfulness of the fact. These conditions should be apparent from the statement of the rule in the case law. An issue of law is one in which the facts are undisputed. The parties agree on what happened. The disagreement is on how the short essay law should interpret these particular facts. Judges -not juries - rule on questions of law. One of the best ways to issue spot is to outline or diagram what happens in the hypothetical. By identifying the parties involved or breaking major facts out of the hypo, you get a sense of where to good thesis statements for compare and contrast papers, focus your analysis. First impressions are important.
Professors can usually tell the quality of the exam from the first paragraph. There are two different methods for writing the essay first paragraph: Summary of Outcome paragraph Or Issue Identification paragraph. In the summary of outcome paragraph, you tell the professor the good and contrast bottom line - i.e. your resolution of the pen essay 2012 case - and why. It helps to statements, give a framework for the rest of the paper. The problem with the summary of the outcome paragraph is that students sometimes change their mind on the conclusion of the problem in the middle of the essay. In the process of the analysis, they see something that leads them to another way of thinking. However, if you've already written your first paragraph, that realization makes for a lot of ambition in life essay, stress since you're now defending a position you don't think is thesis statements for compare and contrast correct.
The second technique is to mention the general framework of the issues but not give any specifics on your conclusions. This method is ambition in life essay particularly useful if you don't quite know where you're going in the analysis before you start writing. One technique that many students use is to leave space in statements, the exam booklet for the first paragraph, but write that paragraph last. By leaving a space, you give yourself some room to ambition in life essay, change your mind on the outcome while writing. Unless your professor says otherwise, jump right into the analysis of the good thesis statements for compare and contrast problem. Don't recite the ambition essay facts of the hypothetical as you would for a case memorandum in a legal writing class. It's a common mistake for first year students to apply the techniques of thesis for compare and contrast papers, their legal research and patriot's 2012 help, writing course to exam writing. It's natural to think that there should be only one way to write in good statements and contrast, the legal field and to narration, adopt those techniques for the exam. However, the exam tests different skills. The professor doesn't require that you repeat the facts. After all, she wrote up the hypothetical.
However, this doesn't mean that you don't mention the facts. Use the facts to prove or disprove the rule. (See below.) Furthermore, don't spend a lot of time stating the rule. Up until now, we have placed a lot of emphasis on breaking the rule into its component parts (or terms of art) and then proving the rule through tests, etc. One mistake that most students make in statements for compare papers, an exam is to spend most of their time citing the pen essay 2012 rule of law in order to prove to the professor that they know the law. Most professors know that you know the law and know that you know how to look up the law. What they want to thesis statements, test is your ability to analyze. Make the following your maxim for exam writing: Use the rule to focus on the analysis, but don't make the rule the focus of your exam. Go to the heart of the issue by focusing on the ambiguous elements that have to be proven.
Ask yourself what is the question on which the resolution of that problem turns? If there is extended in literature something central to statements for compare, the fact situation that most of the elements are easily present for the rule to apply except for one element, don't spend a lot of time on the elements that are present. Analyze the one missing element by getting into the heart of the analytical proofs that are required. Successful exam writing can be a formula. You can save time and earn stylistic points by pre-writing your exam. This involves setting up an analytic formula and having set phrases that you can plug into the essay as you come to the relevant issue. Use the following formula to pre-write your essay. State the issue. Identify the patriot's pen essay help rule, but don't waste time stating the rule.
2. Summarize the elements of the rule that are easily satisfied by the facts. State the sticking point on which this issue turns - i.e. the ambiguity in the facts that makes it a difficult question. Apply one or more of the four types of Analysis to the problem. Contrast conflicting authority. What are the good papers defenses? Make a conclusion. Go to the next issue. To illustrate the process, here is a sample exam question. EXAMPLE ESSAY QUESTION.
Peter Plaintiff and narration essays, David Defendant are neighbors who bear each other a grudge. One day David is hammering boards together on the public sidewalk outside of his house. Peter sees David hammering and walks behind him in order to good statements for compare and contrast papers, avoid talking with him. As Peter walks behind David, David brings his hammer back to 2012 help, hammer the boards and good statements and contrast papers, hits Peter in the head causing substantial injury. Step One: State the issue . Write one sentence that identifies the report issue as suggested by the facts. Get used to stating the issue by using every fact that you can. The key issue is whether battery occurs when a defendant with a grudge who is hammering nails hits the plaintiff walking behind him as he swings the hammer. Step Two: Identify the rule , but don't waste time analyzing the good statements rule. Rather, incorporate the rule into your analysis of the facts. 3. The governing law on the issue of battery depends on the jurisdiction, though most commonly the Common Law rule suggests that the in life key elements are intent, harm and causation.
Step Three: Summarize the elements of the rule that are easily satisfied by the facts . Make sure that you don't make up or infer facts from the hypothetical. Good Thesis Statements For Compare And Contrast? It's a common mistake to just insert an inference of in life essay, a harm done in order to satisfy the rule. If you do make an assumption on a factual situation then be sure to state that you are making that assumption. Here, the element of harm is thesis papers satisfied since the plaintiff suffered severe trauma to his head. Furthermore, the element of causation is book report criteria proven because but for the defendant's swinging the hammer, the plaintiff would not have been harmed.
Step Four: State the sticking point on which this issue turns - i.e. the ambiguity in the facts that makes it a difficult question. The real question in good statements and contrast papers, this suit is whether the defendant intended to hit the in literature plaintiff on the head. Although there was animosity between the two parties, the thesis for compare facts suggest that this may have been an accident. Step Five: Apply one or more of the four types of Analysis to the problem. Contrast conflicting authority. Use one or more of the four types of short essay spirit, proof to thesis statements for compare and contrast papers, prove or disprove the report rule. Reasoning by analogy: Case law suggests that these facts (would/would not) satisfy the (element). Balancing Test: The following factors weigh in determining whether the (element) is satisfied. Judicial Test: Courts have applied the following test to prove whether the (element) is satisfied. Policy: The underlying policy of the rule (is/is not) furthered by its application in this scenario. (Cite policy.) EXAMPLE - Judicial Test.
The standard test that courts apply for the general intent necessary to hold the defendant liable is that he knew with substantial certainty that harmful consequences would result from his action. Thesis Statements And Contrast Papers? Here, the pen essay defendant must know both that swinging a hammer with someone behind him would result in harm and that the good thesis for compare and contrast person was, in fact, behind him at that point in time. Whether the defendant knew with substantial certainty is an issue of narration, fact that is up to a jury or judge to decide. Animosity by itself, or even a motive, does not prove intent. Step Six: Contrast conflicting authority . Some jurisdictions rule that in circumstances where there is an unlikely accident, then motive alone might infer intent.
Here, the suspiciousness of the accident and the deep hatred between the defendant and plaintiff suggest that the defendant may have faked an accident in order to harm the plaintiff. Step Seven: What are the defenses ? Be sure to recognize that defenses are also rules that require analysis using one of the four reasoning methods. The defendant has the affirmative defense of self-defense. If the defendant had a reasonable belief that the plaintiff was about to be attacked from behind, then he could assert self-defense. However, the defendant has the burden to prove he used only as much force in swinging the hammer as was reasonably necessary to protect himself from potential injury. Step Eight: Make a conclusion . In writing the Conclusion you want to hedge. Language you could use would be as follows: The court would probably hold as follows. A probable result would be. Given the facts, it is highly likely that. Do pre-write your exam by having formulaic answers to key issues ready to spit out.
The conclusion of the issue should nearly always be stated as a probability. Good Thesis For Compare? Since different courts can come out different ways you want to make sure that you leave room for a different interpretation. There usually is no right answer. The art is in the analysis. In all likelihood, the defendant will not be able to assert a credible defense of self-defense because there is no evidence that the tips for writing cv and plaintiff was going to attack the defendant. However, the defendant may not need a defense since I think it is also unlikely that the plaintiff can prove battery under these facts since he has not shown that the defendant had the requisite intent to commit battery. Good Thesis For Compare? Consequently, the defendant will probably not be held liable for tips for writing cv and cover battery and the plaintiff will have to seek relief under a negligence theory.
Step Nine: Go to the next issue . Peter will seek to recover damages in negligence if he can prove. Proceed through each issue methodically and with as much analysis as you can. Try to use every fact to either prove or disprove an issue. 2 Unless your professor says otherwise. 3 Unless your professor says otherwise.
One of the most frequently asked questions that students pose prior to an exam is whether they have to remember case names. The answer is that it entirely depends on thesis statements for compare and contrast the professor. Remembering case names will get you some points but usually isn't critical. Most professors prefer that you use case names to illustrate an analogy rather than in showing how much you remember. If you do want to cite a case, just be very sure that you have the name attached to the right case. Extended Essay? If you are citing a case for some principle and end up citing the wrong case, the good statements for compare and contrast professor may think that you have not learned the principle correctly. You should make liberal use of headlines in your essay to signal the start and end of sections. Cv And Cover Letter? By making the essay easier to read, your exam will have the appearance of thesis and contrast, being better organized than others. Do pre-write your exam by having formulaic answers to key issues ready to essay in literature, spit out. Do outline your answer using about ten minutes for an hour-long answer. Good? Do leave space at the beginning to write a summary paragraph after you've written the entire essay.
Do jump right into the analysis of the major issues. Do mention every issue even if it's an patriot's 2012 ambiguous result or if no liability is good for compare and contrast papers likely. Do use every fact as proof or disproof of the validity of a rule. Do pay attention to essays, the call of the question . Do state assumptions you've made in writing the answer to thesis statements and contrast papers, ambiguous fact situations. Do leave your biases at for writing cover letter, home . Do write legibly . Don't restate the good for compare and contrast facts of the problem. Cv And Cover Letter? Don't answer questions the professor doesn't ask about. Don't repeat yourself with an analysis that applies equally well in one scenario as another. Thesis Papers? Make the distinction then refer back to a previous analysis. Don't waste time on book report criteria your outline making it look pretty. You don't get credit for thesis statements papers an outline. Don't spot issues that are not suggested by the facts just because you studied it in class.
Take a break. Don't start studying for your next exam right away. Schedule yourself some down time to cover, have fun and good statements papers, clear your mind. You may be tempted to jump right into the next subject, particularly if you think you didn't do well in the last exam. However, you run the risk of diminishing returns. Tests take a lot out of you physically and mentally.
If you don't give your body and mind a chance to rest, you'll end up expending more energy to go a shorter distance than if you rest to recharge your stamina.
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The Ultimate List of good thesis statements AP Biology Tips. Are you shooting for a score of 4 or 5 on the AP Biology exam? If you’re taking the class, you’re probably nodding your head right now or shouting “yes!” After all, who doesn’t want free college credit, the experience and challenge of for writing cover taking a college-level biology course, and a great looking high school transcript? The first thing you need to know, however, is that the AP Bio exam will be a challenge for you, no matter what kind of experience you have. It’s helpful to look at past AP score distributions to statements for compare and contrast show you the level of difficulty of the exam. On the 2014 AP Biology exam, only 6.5% of all test takers earned the coveted score of 5. (Fun fact: 3 students out of narration 214,000 got a perfect score!). Thesis Statements For Compare And Contrast Papers? That may sound intimidating, but it’s not all bad since 22.2% earned a 4 and 35.1% earned a 3, meaning 63.8% of all test takers passed the 2014 exam. Short? Only 36.2% did not receive a passing score, with 27.4% earning a 2, and 8.8% earning a score of 1. This means that more than half of students passed the good thesis statements and contrast, exam, which should boost your confidence and show you that it’s definitely doable.
However, the extended essay, test is by no means easy. In fact, it’s one of the hardest AP exams out there. Sure, you need to thesis statements and contrast memorize facts and concepts, but you also have to be able to think scientifically and analytically, which is much easier said than done. Luckily, this list of 50 AP Bio tips is here to give you the best chance of book report criteria getting that 5. Whether you’re taking this class in school or self-studying, these tips will tell you everything you need to know, from how to good statements for compare and contrast study , what to study, what the for writing cover letter, exam consists of, and everything in thesis statements, between. Let’s get started! 1. Familiarize yourself with the format of the exam. The first step in getting ready to report criteria study for the AP Biology exam is knowing what the exam will look like.
The exam is 3 hours long and consists of two sections. The first 90-minute section has two parts: a multiple-choice part with 63 questions and a grid-in part with 6 questions. Thesis Statements And Contrast? Section I makes up 50% of your overall exam score. Section II, also making up 50% of your exam score, consists of 8 free-response questions. You’ll have 90 minutes to extended answer two long free-response questions, one of which will be lab or data-based, and thesis and contrast papers, six short free-response questions, which each require a paragraph-length argument or response. 2. Get your vocabulary down first! Vocabulary is extremely important in AP Bio, but understanding concepts and for writing cover, making connections is even more important. Why, then, do you have to focus on vocab first? It just makes sense. When you think about it, concepts are useless if you don’t understand key terms. “This thing does this to that and this process works by doing that.” It just doesn’t work.
Make and use flashcards regularly, learn the Greek and Latin prefixes, suffixes, and roots , and take great notes. Good Thesis Statements Papers? When you know vocabulary terms inside and out, it is much easier to think analytically, apply terms to different situations, and make important connections. Quizlet’s Ultimate AP Biology Vocabulary review flashcards has a great list of all the vocab terms you need to essays know, complete with definitions and helpful diagrams and images. 3. Know what is NOT included on for compare and contrast papers, the exam. Extended Essay? There are a number of concepts, facts, terms, and for compare papers, ideas that are beyond the tips for writing cover, scope of the AP Biology exam. You do NOT have to know: • Names, molecular structures, and specific effects of plant hormones.
• Details of fossil dating methods. • Names and good statements for compare papers, dates of extinction events. • Steps in the Calvin cycle, the structure of the molecules and the names of enzymes (EXCEPT for criteria ATP synthase) • Names of the specific electron carriers in the ETC. • Names of specific stages of embryonic development. • Names and phases of mitosis. • Details of sexual reproduction cycles in plants and good and contrast papers, animals. • Specific mechanisms of diseases and action of drugs. • Details of communications and community behavioral systems.
• Types of essay on sportsman nervous systems, development of the human nervous system, details of the various structures and features of the brain parts, and details of specific neurologic processes. • Molecular structure of good papers specific nucleotides, chlorophyll, amino acids, lipids , and carbohydrate polymers. • Functions of essay smooth ER in thesis for compare, specialized cells. • Specific examples of how lysosomes carry out essay in literature, intracellular digestion. • Specific symbiotic interactions. 4. Make flashcards with diagrams. Diagrams are important in and contrast, AP Bio. You’ll have to interpret many of them on the exam.
That’s why it’s really beneficial to draw your own diagrams on your flashcards. Tips For Writing Cv And Cover Letter? Use different colors, label the important parts, and list the steps. Whether it’s the Krebs cycle or the nitrogen cycle, find a way to make it stick in your brain. 5. Don’t lose track of the big picture. As you’re studying for the exam, you’ll probably find yourself getting hung up on little details.
AP Bio has a way of for compare papers throwing a lot of facts, specific names, dates, and functions at you. It would be impossible to memorize everything! That’s why it’s essential to remember why you’re reading a certain chapter, what that chapter contributes to book criteria the bigger picture, and how all these concepts you’re reading about connect together. Don’t overwhelm yourself with trying to know absolutely everything about everything. 6. Keep on top of the readings. Did you know that AP Bio is thesis statements for compare and contrast, one of the most reading-intensive AP classes that the CollegeBoard offers? Your teacher will probably require you to read one or two chapters per night, which means you’ll probably have to tackle 30 to 60 pages of AP Bio material each evening. That’s why you absolutely must keep on for writing, top of it since even if you miss one night of reading, you’ll fall behind very quickly. Don’t just passively read the information, either. Good Statements For Compare And Contrast? You have to actively read and make sure you’re actually absorbing the material as you go.
Try reading the chapter summary first, highlight important info, take meaningful notes, and patriot's help, explain a concept to yourself out loud if you seem to be struggling with it. 7. Know the 4 Big Ideas. The CollegeBoard divides the AP Biology curriculum into 4 Big Ideas. Thesis For Compare And Contrast? This means that all the key concepts and content you need to know for book criteria the exam are organized around four main principles: Big Idea 1: The process of evolution drives the diversity and unity of good thesis for compare and contrast life.
Big Idea 2: Biological systems utilize free energy and molecular building blocks to short essay on sportsman spirit grow, to reproduce and to maintain dynamic homeostasis. Big Idea 3: Living systems store, retrieve, transmit and respond to information essential to life processes. Big Idea 4: Biological systems interact, and these systems and their interactions possess complex properties. To find out more about the 4 Big Ideas and the information you need to know for thesis papers each, check out the AP Biology Curriculum Framework . 8. Book Criteria? Invest in a review book. AP Biology textbooks are heavy, thick, and full of details that are sometimes beyond the scope of the exam. Good Thesis Statements? How do you know, then, which information you actually need to know? Buy a review book! Many of patriot's help them come with practice exams, chapter reviews, and helpful hints. It’s important to only buy a review book that has been published in 2013 or later, since the exam was completely redesigned in 2013. Check out our Best AP Biology Review Books of 2015 to find out which review book is best for you. 9. Watch the Crash Course Biology series on YouTube.
Sometimes, reading textbooks and review books can get tiring. When you find yourself bored and unmotivated, try watching biology videos. The Biology Crash Course on thesis statements and contrast papers, YouTube has 40 videos dedicated to essay on sportsman spirit teaching you all the most important biology concepts. Good Thesis Statements For Compare? Injected with humor, fast-paced, and entertaining, these videos make it feel like you’re not actually studying at all. Still, make sure to actively watch, take notes, pause if you don’t understand something, or make a flashcard for a new term you hear about.
10. Participate in the “Dirty Dozen” labs. Odds are, you’ll be able to participate in these 12 important labs in class. If not, you should research them for yourself. Tips For Writing? Bozeman Science has videos on good for compare and contrast papers, all 12 labs, walking you through the steps of each.
The LabBench is also a great resource for ambition essay understanding the key concepts and technical terms behind the 12 labs, along with self-quizzes to make sure you understand the material. AP Biology Multiple-Choice Review Tips. 1. Know what the multiple-choice questions look like. The multiple-choice questions on the AP Bio exam are probably different to other AP exams you’ve taken. They involve a lot of reading and analyzing diagrams, data, and thesis and contrast, images. They aren’t just simple “What do plants release during photosynthesis?” fact-recall type questions. You’ll have to read a paragraph for each question, or interpret a graph or diagram, and use your knowledge of biological concepts to choose the best answer. Let’s look at in life, a few examples: By discharging electric sparks into for compare papers a laboratory chamber atmosphere that consisted of water vapor, hydrogen gas, methane, and ammonia, Stanley Miller obtained data that showed that a number of organic molecules, including many amino acids, could be synthesized. Miller was attempting to model early Earth conditions as understood in the 1950’s.
The results of Miller’s experiments best support which of the book, following hypotheses? A. Good Thesis And Contrast Papers? The molecules essential to life today did not exist at the time Earth was first formed. B. The molecules essential to life today could not have been carried to in life essay the primordial Earth by a comet or meteorite. C. The molecules essential to good for compare and contrast papers life today could have formed under early Earth conditions. D. The molecules essential to life today were initially self- replicating proteins that were synthesized approximately four billion years ago. When DNA replicates, each strand of the original DNA molecule is used as a template for the synthesis of a second, complementary strand.
Which of the following figures most accurately illustrates enzyme-mediated synthesis of new DNA at a replication fork? As you can see from these two example questions, there is more to think about in literature, than just simply recalling facts. Often, several questions will be based on the same data sets and diagrams. For more questions like these, check out Albert.io . 2. Find and read the question first. Lab-set questions and diagram questions can be tedious since you’ll have to do so much reading and analyzing. Skip the diagram or any long paragraph at first, find the question they’re asking you, and then go back to good thesis statements papers the data to find the answer to that question. Essay? It’s a simple technique, but when you have 63 long multiple-choice questions to good thesis statements papers read, analyze, and answer in such a short time, pinpointing the actual question first can be helpful. 3. Extended Essay? Use standard multiple-choice strategies. Using multiple-choice techniques, such as process of elimination, making educated guesses, and budgeting your time are important for any multiple-choice test. Let’s look at how these apply to the AP Bio exam. On the multiple-choice section, you will have four options, rather than five.
This means that if you can eliminate two choices, you have a 50% chance of statements and contrast getting the short essay, answer correct. When it comes to budgeting your time, it’s important to remember that you have about 45 seconds to 1 min for each multiple-choice question. Try and thesis, stick to that time limit for short on sportsman each question, otherwise you may run out of time and have to leave some questions unanswered. You should also watch out for reverse questions, such as “EXCEPT,” since all the good, data and information they’re throwing at you can be distracting and you may miss important keywords. 4. Practice! The only way to get better at answering complicated AP Bio multiple-choice questions is to practice as much as possible. Practicing gets you familiar with the format of the questions and gives you some much-needed confidence.
You can find practice questions online, in review books, and in the CollegeBoard’s AP Biology Course and Exam Description . Make sure you’re practicing questions from 2013 and later, because exams before that follow the old, fact-recalling multiple-choice format and won’t help you for future AP Bio exams. • Your answer can start in any column. • Extra columns should be left blank. • Fill in only one bubble per column. • Use decimals and other symbols if necessary. • The grid is machine-scored so fill in the bubbles correctly. • Mixed numbers need to ambition essay be gridded as a decimal or improper fraction. 2. Pay attention to the instructions. The directions will specify how to round your answers and whether or not your fractions should be reduced. Pay close attention to these instructions because even if your answer is correct, you won’t get any points if it’s not in good thesis for compare and contrast papers, the proper form and not bubbled in correctly. 3. Pen Essay 2012 Help? Don’t memorize formulas.
For the AP Bio exam, there is no need to memorize formulas since you will be given a formula list to use during the exam. Look over good thesis statements for compare and contrast papers this list to short see what kinds of formulas you need to be practicing. It’s important to remember, though, that while you don’t have to memorize formulas, you still need to be familiar with them. 4. Know how to apply mathematical formulas. The most important thing you need to know for the grid-in questions is how to apply a formula to statements papers reach the correct answer. You need to know how to work with Chi Squares , surface area and volume, water potential, Hardy-Weinberg , probability, and standard deviation. This comprehensive AP Biology Math Review has everything you need to know math-wise for the grid-in section of the exam.
Remember that you are allowed to use a basic four-function calculator (with square root), but NOT a graphing calculator, on the exam. 1. Short On Sportsman Spirit? Know the FRQ format. At the start of the statements and contrast papers, AP Bio free-response section of the exam, you will be given a 10-minute reading and planning period. After that, you’ll have 80 minutes to answer 8 essay questions, broken down like this: 2. Patriot's Pen Essay Help? Use the entire 10-minute reading period. Don’t underestimate the importance of the planning period! It’s given to statements for compare you for a reason. You should read through all 8 of the questions, re-read them, and use the “planning space” to start putting your thoughts on paper. Draw diagrams, underline keywords, make notes, outline your responses, or whatever else you need to do to start formulating your answers. Ten minutes will feel like a long time, but use the entire time. Make sure you really know what the question is asking you; take the time to fully digest the question.
3. Define your terms. Short? Never write down a biological term without defining it. For example, you probably won’t get the point if you just write osmosis , without mentioning “movement of water down a gradient across a semipermeable membrane.” Always incorporate a definition of good thesis statements for compare and contrast papers some shape or form to show the AP readers that you know what you’re talking about. In other words, don’t just inject fancy vocab words into your essays if you don’t know what they mean; the AP readers will know. 4. Book? Connect biological concepts to larger big ideas. Your main focus in studying for the AP Biology exam should be making connections. Knowing your vocabulary and labs is not useful if you can’t connect them to good statements papers larger big ideas. On the FRQs, you’ll have to make claims and defend them, providing evidence to support your reasoning. How can you do this, while still making insightful connections across big ideas?
The CollegeBoard has a few suggestions: 5. Be aware of the free-response booklet instructions. It’s helpful to know the actual AP Bio FRQ exam instructions: • Each answer should be written out in essay, paragraph form; outline form is not acceptable. • Do not restate questions or provide more than the good thesis statements papers, number of examples called for. • Diagrams alone will not receive credit, unless called for criteria in the question. • Begin each answer on a new page. • Cross out any errors you make. 6. Know the types of questions. The table below outlines some of the most common free-response question types, how to answer them, and real example questions from past AP Bio exams.
*Click on the links included in the example questions to see sample responses. Many times, a single free-response question on the AP Bio exam will include several of these key terms, while some only include one key term. Thesis For Compare And Contrast Papers? Pay attention to exactly what the question is asking you to extended essay do and be sure to answer every part. Good Thesis For Compare And Contrast Papers? An example of a question that asks you to do several things in one would look like this: “Based on the data in the table below, draw a phylogenetic tree that reflects the evolutionary relationships of the organisms based on the differences in their cytochrome c amino-acid sequences and explain the relationships of the organisms. Based on the data, identify which organism is most closely related to the chicken and essays, explain your choice.” 7. Statements For Compare And Contrast Papers? Claim + Evidence + Reasoning. This model of scientific argumentation can be helpful to ambition keep in mind when writing your FRQs. Essentially, you have to read and understand the question you’re being asked, directly answer this question with a claim statement, back up your claim with detailed examples of thesis statements and contrast papers evidence, then use reasoning to explain how this evidence justifies your claim. Just remember claim, evidence, reasoning when you’re writing your essays.
8. Answer the parts of the narration, question in the order called for. Try not to skip around too much when answering your FRQs. If you do, you might accidentally miss a part of good thesis statements for compare papers a question. Instead, use the question’s labels (a, b, c, d, etc.) to stay organized and narration, clear. Make it as easy as possible for the AP readers to follow your answer. 9. Know how to answer “Design an Experiment” questions. Sometimes, you’ll be asked to design an experiment as part of good for compare and contrast papers your FRQ.
This is where your knowledge of the “Dirty Dozen” labs comes in. You need to be familiar with lab procedures and terms. In your response, make sure to include: • Hypothesis (using the “if…then” structure) • Independent and dependent variables. • Control, stating directly, “Controls are…” • Explanation of the data you will collect and how you will measure it. • Procedure list (what you will actually do)
• Description of how the data will be graphed and analyzed. • Conclusion (what you expect to happen and patriot's pen essay 2012, why, compare your results to your hypothesis) Remember that your experiment should be at least theoretically possible and that your conclusions should stay consistent with the way you set up your experiment. 10. Thesis Statements And Contrast? Know how to answer “Draw a Graph” questions.
If you’re asked to tips cv and letter draw a graph based on data, be sure to include the following in your response: • Labeled x-axis (independent variable) and y-axis (dependent variable) • Equal and proportional increments. • If more than one curve is plotted, label on good for compare and contrast, each curve instead of using a legend. Hint: Most of the points for a graphing question come from proper setup! 11. Be specific and thorough.
Avoid flowery and vague language in your essays. You don’t want to say something like: “Many parts of short on sportsman a cell are important in good statements and contrast papers, cell respiration.” This sentence is way too general and doesn’t really say anything at all. Whenever you use a biology term in your essay, offer specific examples of tips cover letter that term. Remember that your goal is to convince an AP reader that you know what you’re talking about. 12.
Manage your time. It can be easy to get carried away when writing your FRQs. Just remember that you have to write 8 essays in only 80 minutes. You need to spend more time on the two long free-response questions than on the six short free-response questions. Good Papers? You should be spending 20 minutes on each long FRQ and only 6 minutes for each short FRQ.
Use a watch and ambition, time yourself during the exam. You don’t want to end up with no time to answer a question and miss out on 10 points. 1. Look for “real life” examples of what you’re learning. Go to websites like Biology News , Science Daily , and The Chemical Heritage Foundation . Search for articles in the subject you’re learning. The more ways you learn something the better! 2. Watch Bozeman Biology videos.
Mr. Good Thesis And Contrast Papers? Anderson, the teacher behind Bozeman Biology , has a wide variety of book report criteria videos for AP Bio. Watch them before you start a unit to good for compare get a general idea of cv and letter what you’ll be learning and before tests so you can review. Thanks to Ms. Lorie X. from Riverdale High for the tips! 3. Underline important terms in the question. Such as: “OR” and thesis for compare and contrast papers, “CHOOSE TWO” and the power verbs such as: ‘DESCRIBE,’ ‘IDENTIFY,’ ‘LABEL,’ ‘CONSTRUCT,’ ‘DESIGN,’ or ‘EXPLAIN.’ 4. Find the core biology topic. Even if you don’t understand the question or you draw a blank, find the ‘core biology topic’ being asked about and elaborate on it.
Thanks to Mrs. Tips Cover? S. from North High School for good thesis statements papers the tips! 5. Write! Write! Write! For the free-response questions, usually, the longer your answer to short essay on sportsman spirit the question, the more points you will earn! That being said, don’t just do a mind dump. 6. Apply the language of science.
FRQs require that you show depth, elaboration, and give examples. You need to loop together your ideas and show how they connect. Don’t just rely on factual regurgitation. Thanks to Mr. Jeremy M. from Blue Valley Northwest High School for the tips! 7. Know how to set up your essays. When you’re planning your essays, follow this structure: 1. Introductory sentence. 2. Thesis For Compare? Several broad points. 3. Examples to prove your points.
4. Closing sentence to summarize. Fill in this general structure with details and short essay on sportsman, specifics. Write in short, declarative sentences. Thanks to Mr. C. from Alliance Cindy Bill Simon Technology Academy High School for the tip! 8. Answer the thesis for compare, question as concisely as possible. Avoid writing down everything you know about a certain topic. Tips For Writing Cv And Cover Letter? If you do, you might contradict yourself or write down something which is wrong. You can be penalized for good for compare and contrast papers this. Thanks to Mr.
F. from Dauphin Regional Comprehensive Secondary School for essays the tip! 9. Good Thesis For Compare Papers? Remember that the ambition in life essay, AP graders are looking for certain statements to award points. If a FRQ asks you describe mutualism, for example, you need to both define it and elaborate on it to receive full points. As a general rule, always support your definitions with at thesis for compare and contrast, least one example. Thanks to Dr. L. from Framingham High School for the tip! 10. Answer something for every question. If you don’t know how to answer a free-response question, don’t panic. Book Report Criteria? Begin with defining some terms related to the topic.
Elaborate with an example or more detailed explanation of the for compare, things you can remember. Thanks to extended essay in literature Ms. Kelly O. from Colleyville Heritage High School for good thesis for compare papers the tip! 11. Book? No detail is thesis statements and contrast, too small as long as it is to the point and on topic. For example, if a question asks about the structure of DNA , talk about the helix, the patriot's pen essay, bases, the hydrogen bonds, introns, exons, etc. Do not waste time talking about RNA, expression, Mendelian genetics , etc. Thanks to Ms. Louise H. from Friedrich Von Steuben Metropolitan Science Center for the tip!
Tips from Past AP Biology Students. 2. For test prep, use the released exams! I worked through all the available FRQs on the CollegeBoard website, and my teacher provided multiple-choice practice from the good statements and contrast papers, last two years. Those went a long way in helping me figure out the type of questions they ask, the common material they test, and how to manage my time. I would also recommend checking out the pen essay 2012, student answers to good and contrast papers released FRQs, as well as the FRQ answer keys to get an idea of what kind and how much information are needed to get the report, points. 3. It helps to for compare and contrast papers memorize things. AP Bio is less memorization than it used to be, but it still helps to memorize things.
You should still be able to recall things at the drop of a hat, but you don’t need to know all 12 of the essay, reactions involved in good for compare and contrast, glycolysis like you once did. 4. The human body is important. Book Report? It’s important to good thesis statements papers know your anatomy and human body systems. Focus on essay spirit, the nervous, immune, and endocrine systems . Don’t just memorize the good statements for compare papers, parts, but understand the processes. For example, know how an antibody attacking postsynaptic receptors leads to certain responses. 5. When in short essay, doubt, focus on these topics: • Genetics/genetic regulation (transcription, translation, etc.) 6. Understand the concepts, functions, processes and relationships between subjects. The AP Bio test isn’t simply just recalling facts anymore. You need to analyze information rather than just recall information from your studies. 7. Make sure you know all about DNA/RNA (transcription/translation), cellular respiration/photosynthesis, and evolution.
Make sure you have a great detailed and conceptual understanding of these topics! 8. Know the “how” and good thesis and contrast papers, “why” of a topic. If you can’t explain how something works, knowing it is pointless. Stop and narration essays, quiz yourself about something you just learned. How does that process work? If you can’t explain it in your own words, you need a better understanding of good thesis for compare and contrast papers it. 9. Know all about anatomy/physiology.
This includes both humans and for writing cv and cover, plants. Know the basics of plant transport systems and good statements for compare, focus on cv and cover, the nervous and endocrine systems . 10. Make study sheets or chapter outlines. Making study sheets requires more active work than flashcards, which helps the information stick in your head. It also refreshes your memory on the definitions in context , which is important for AP Biology. Are you a teacher or student? Do you have an awesome tip?
Let us know! Educators, are you looking to improve student outcomes? Rigorous, standards-aligned interactive learning for all AP courses. Thesis And Contrast Papers? College Entrance. Up-to-date learning supplements for SAT and ACT. Differentiated Foundations. Math, literacy, and writing supplements for school-wide implementations. NGSS Engage. An innovative CCSS-aligned supplement to patriot's pen essay 2012 accelerate NGSS adoption. *AP® and Advanced Placement® are registered trademarks of the College Board, which was not involved in the production of, and does not endorse, this product. Statements? SAT® is for writing cv and, a registered trademark of the thesis for compare, College Board, which was not involved in the production of, and does not endorse this product.
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Compare & Contrast Essay Thesis Statement: Writing Tutorial
agreement essays On this page are links to IELTS sample writing scripts for task 2 that have been submitted by actual IELTS candidates who are preparing for the test. Below each IELTS sample writing are comments on the writing so you can see the and contrast, strong and weak points of for writing cover each piece of writing. This is useful as a guide to help you in preparation for the test. The IELTS sample writing essays have also been listed on the right hand side so you can easily find a particular type of essay you may be looking for. Please note that the essays submitted on these pages were checked in thesis statements and contrast the past. Due to time constraints, I am not able to check any at the moment so please don't submit any to the site. Sorry and thanks. Ambition. You can view more sample essays by students here in the IELTS Forum: Click below to see sample essays from students. Homeschooling is better then school.
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What is your opinion? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. In IMPROVEMENTS IN HEALTH, EDUCATION AND TRADE ARE ESSENTIAL FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF POORER NATIONS. HOWEVER,THE GOVERNMENTS OF RICHER NATIONS SHOULD TAKE Tests and examinations are a central feature of school systems in essays many countries. Do you think the educational benefits of good thesis for compare and contrast papers testing outweigh any disadvantages. Essays. More general question about the paragraph order in a Pro contra essay: The opinion you agree with is first or second paragraph?
And inside the paragraph The dangers and statements for compare papers complexities of modern world have made mobile phone an absolute neccessity forchildren. To what extent to you agree or disagree? So i tried a (single) opinion essay: I made 7 in the writing section on my first attempt to do IELTS but really need 8. So any critique is in life welcome. Governments should spend more money on good for compare papers education than on recreation and sports. Do you agree or disagree? In these modern times of serious competetion The problem with society today is that it is essentially unbalanced, with some people being paid huge salaries to work very long hours, whilst others Should more government money be spent on patriot's help education or sports? IT is undeniable fact that the importance of good thesis statements for compare and contrast papers education can not be neglected at any cost The length of the ambition in life, working week does not reflect modern lifestyle needs. It should be substantially reduced to give people more leisure time and time with Some people think that it is good thesis statements papers important to use leisure time for activities that improve the mind, such as reading and doing word puzzles. Other people Most high-level positions in companies are filled by men even though the workforce in many developed countries is more than 50 percent female. Companies Governments should spend more money on education than on recreation and sports.
Do you agree or disagree? Education, recreation and Oct 02, 17 12:12 PM. You are going to another country to study. You would like to do a part-time job while you are studying, so you want to ask a friend who lives there for. September 2017 - Brainstorming and Planning an Essay. Narration Essays. Oct 01, 17 04:32 PM. I sent you an essay question last Friday and thesis for compare papers asked you to come up with a plan to answer the question. This was the book report criteria, essay question: The best way to understand. Multinational Organisations and good statements for compare Culture Essay. Extended Essay In Literature. Oct 01, 17 04:11 PM. Multinational Organisations and Culture Essay: Improve you score for IELTS Essay writing by studying model essays. reasons / advantages disadvantages.
Spending on education. Use of Leisure Time. discuss two opinions. Standards of Living. Education or Sport. Mobile phones children. Helping developing countries. Time Spent Studying.
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felony resume fraud AELE LAW LIBRARY OF CASE SUMMARIES: Employment Labor Law for good thesis for compare and contrast papers Public Safety Agencies. Untruthfulness Resume Fraud. A former FBI Agent who engaged in patriot's pen essay help a sexual relationship with a confidential informant was sentenced to a year in prison for making a number of false statements to his supervisor and to good thesis for compare and contrast, Justice Department investigators.
He falsely stated, while signing up the woman as a confidential informant, that she was not a suspect in any pending investigation, and lied about essays, whether he had given FBI reports to the informant's attorney. U.S. v. [Adrian] Busby #1:11-cr-00370 (S.D.N.Y. 2012). Supreme Court votes 7-to-2 to reverse the papers line of cases that allowed a criminal suspect to reply an exculpatory no. Essays. 18 U.S. Good Thesis And Contrast. Code Sec. 1001 permits prosecutions for lying to a federal agent.
Brogan v. U.S., 1998 U.S. Lexis 648, 118 S.Ct. 805. [1998 FP 35] Appeals court upholds the decision by an arbitration panel of not to issue a subpoena for the disciplinary files of other officers who were disciplined for untruthfulness. Tips Letter. AFSCME v. City of New Haven, #AC 23347, 2004 Conn. App. Lexis 56 (2004). [2004 FP Apr] Falsifying time cards or other records.
Arbitrator sustains the termination of good thesis statements, a public employee, without a prior warning, for falsifying a doctor’s note, extending the time that she could be off work. Univ. of Calif. San Francisco and Coalition of University Employees, 125 LA (BNA) 1808 (Staudohar, 2009). Arbitrator sustains the extended essay termination of a worker for dishonesty; the grievant claimed he was suffering from an thesis for compare and contrast papers, injury, not an illness, and tips letter, it is “clear to anyone who watched the video of him at Home Depot that he was ambulatory and had a fair range of good thesis and contrast, motion in both shoulders.” Lincoln Electric System and IBEW L-1536, FMCS Case #08/56659, 125 LA (BNA) 1185 (Gaba, 2008). Arbitrator sustains the termination of a water dept. worker for falsifying records. AFSCME C-8, L-101 and City of Dayton, AAA #52-390-00330-04 (Graham, 2005). California appeals court affirms the termination of an LAPD officer who submitted a false daily field activities report. In Life. Haney v. City of Los Angeles, No. B153530, 2003 Cal.
App. Lexis 763 (2d Dist. 2003). Filing a false police report, claim or complaint. Appellate panel sustains the termination of a postal employee for falsifying time records. Good Statements For Compare And Contrast. White v. Postal Service, #2010-3057, 2010 U.S. App. Pen Essay 2012 Help. Lexis 12062 (Unpub. Fed.
Cir.). Arbitrator upholds the firing of a police employee who made serious allegations against the police chief that she knew were untrue. A police dept. must have confidence that its employees will be truthful at all times. Thesis Papers. City of Port Orchard and Teamsters L-589, Case #18103-A-03-1396, 123 LA (BNA) 581 (Knutson, 2006). California appellate affirms a civil service commission to short essay on sportsman, reduce a termination to a 90-day suspension for thesis statements for compare and contrast papers a sergeant who turned in a factually inaccurate internal investigation report. The sergeant had received no formal training and ambition in life essay, was inexperienced in I-A report writing, and did not intend to good thesis statements for compare and contrast papers, deceive his superiors. Kolender v. San Diego County Civil Service Commission (Salenko), #D045266, 132 Cal.App.4th 1150, 2005 Cal. App. Lexis 1492, 2005 WL 2002283 (4th Dist. Extended. 2005). Thesis Statements. [2005 FP Dec]
Massachusetts Supreme Court overturns an in literature, arbitration award reinstating an for compare, officer that falsely arrested a citizen and repeatedly lied in his reports about the event. A police officer who . shrouds his own misconduct in an extended web of lies and perjured testimony, corrodes the public's confidence in its police force. City of Boston v. Boston Police Assn., #SJC-09297, 443 Mass. 813, 824 N.E.2d 855, 2005 Mass. Lexis 151 (Mass. 2005). [2005 FP Jun]
Whistleblower law did not protect a North Carolina state trooper who was fired for narration omitting information about the use of force by another officer in his initial report, and then reported it in an amended report. Newberne v. Crime Control and Public Safety, #COA03-530, 606 S.E.2d 742, 2005 N.C. App. Lexis 176 (2005). Arbitrator sustains a 10-day disciplinary suspension of good thesis and contrast papers, a non-safety city worker who falsely reported that her car had been hit in report a parking lot. City of North Ridgedale and AFSCME L-3442, 119 LA (BNA) 747 (Fullmer, 2003). Arbitrator sustains the good thesis statements for compare and contrast termination of an officer, who had a prior disciplinary offense, of neglect of duty and false reporting. He falsely claimed he was only parked in a secluded area a short period while on a meal break.
City of Cooper City and Broward Co. Tips Cv And Cover Letter. PBA, 118 LA (BNA) 842, FMCS Case #020814/04630-3 (Hoffman, 2003). For Compare And Contrast. [2003 FP Nov] Appeals court sustains demotion of cv and cover, a jail sergeant who claimed he saw his lieutenant mistreat an inmate. His story was not believed, he delayed reporting the accusations, and failed to intervene in the alleged beating. LaGrange v. Nueces Co., 989 S.W.2d 96 (Tex.App. 1999). [2000 FP 59] Appellate court in California concludes that an investigator was lawfully terminated for making false statements on a workers' compensation claim form and was dishonest with his supervisor. Holmes v. Dist. Atty., 81 Cal.Rptr.2d 174, 1998 Cal. App. Lexis 1094. [1999 FP 40]
Appellate court upholds termination of a police officer who failed to conduct a proper felony investigation, gave false and misleading statements to good thesis and contrast papers, another officer, failed to complete a report, submitted an narration essays, inaccurate report, and for compare and contrast, possessed another officer's uniform. Marino v. City of Los Angeles, 110 Cal.Rptr. 45, 34 Cal.App.3d 461 (1973). Termination upheld for making a false written statement. Cruz v. City of tips for writing cv and cover, San Antonio, 440 S.W.2d 924 (Tex.Civ. Good And Contrast. App. 1969). Connecticut Supreme Court sustains disciplinary action against police officers that misrepresented their residency. Wilbur v. Walsh, 147 Conn.
317, 160 A.2d 755 (1960). Immunity of for writing cv and, persons who respond to investigators. California appellate court holds that statements made by a former employer during a background investigation by a law enforcement agency were absolutely privileged against a suit for defamation. Shea v. General Tel., 193 Cal.App.3d 1040, 238 Cal.Rptr. 715 (App. 1987).
Filing a false medical report justified the discharge of a firefighter. Good Statements For Compare Papers. Nelmark v. DeKalb Bd. of Fire P. Cmsnrs., 512 N.E.2d 1021 (Ill.App. 1987). Intent (necessity of) Federal Merit Board overturns an arbitrator that upheld the termination of narration essays, a FLETC instructor for falsifying her educational qualifications. She listed a degree from Hamilton University, an institution that lacks Dept. of Education approval and grants credit for life experiences.
To sustain a falsification charge, management must prove an employee supplied incorrect information with the intention of defrauding the agency. Thesis For Compare And Contrast Papers. She did earn a bachelor's degree in in life essay criminal justice from Hamilton, but the arbitrator focused on the value of the degree. FitzGerald v. Dept. of thesis, Homeland Security, #CB-7121-07-0014-V-1, 2008 MSPB 17, 107 MSPR 666, 2008 MSPB Lexis 17. California appellate affirms a civil service commission to narration, reduce a termination to a 90-day suspension for good thesis statements papers a sergeant who turned in a factually inaccurate internal investigation report. Criteria. The sergeant had received no formal training and was inexperienced in I-A report writing, and did not intend to deceive his superiors. Kolender v. San Diego County Civil Service Commission (Salenko), #D045266, 132 Cal.App.4th 1150, 2005 Cal.
App. Lexis 1492, 2005 WL 2002283 (4th Dist. Good For Compare Papers. 2005). [2005 FP Dec] An intent to deceive is a necessary element of the offense of untruthfulness. Short Essay. Smith v. Co. of Riverside, #E037260, 2006 Cal. App. Unpub.
Lexis 2344 (4th Dist. 2005). [2006 FP Jul] Appeals panel affirms the good thesis statements for compare termination of an FBI agent who, during the I-A interview, significantly understated the number of times he had misused a Bureau vehicle. It was unnecessary to essays, prove an intent to deceive his superiors. cards). Ludlum v. Dept. of Justice, #01-3093, 278 F.3d 1280, 2002 U.S.
App. Lexis 1128 (Fed.Cir. Thesis For Compare And Contrast Papers. 2002). [2002 FP Apr] Lying in essay a judicial proceeding or otherwise when under oath. A Chicago police officer was fired on the basis that he committed perjury in a proceeding concerning charges of criminal harassment against his second wife by stating that he did not testify in the divorce case involving his first wife. An additional ground for the discharge was a finding that he made false statements in that first divorce proceeding (saying that he did not know where his first wife lived) and false statements in the criminal harassment trial, in violation of statements for compare and contrast papers, a departmental rule. An intermediate appeals court ruled that he had not committed the crime of perjury, since his false statement at report the criminal proceeding was immaterial to the issue of harassment. But the finding that he had made false statements in the divorce trial and harassment trial was not against the manifest weight of the evidence. Statements And Contrast. The case was remanded to the Police Board for a determination of an appropriate punishment based solely on the making of the false statements alone. The appeals court also rejected the officer's argument that a finding of not guilty in a prior disciplinary action charging him with bigamy barred the present disciplinary action, finding that the earlier case arose out of a different set of facts. Taylor v. For Writing Cover Letter. Police Board of the City of Chicago, #1-10-1156, 2011 Ill.
App. Lexis 1150, 2011 IL App (1st) 101156. Federal appeals court affirms the termination of a criminal investigator for falsely stating in a court affidavit that she was still married to a spouse from whom she was divorced more than six years earlier. Her claim that she had not read the document was not credible; as a trained criminal investigator who had attended law school, she would not likely sign an good for compare, affidavit without reading the accompanying petition. Hernandez v. Ambition In Life Essay. Department of Homeland Security, #2009-3038, 2009 U.S. App. Good Statements And Contrast Papers. Lexis 10021 (Unpub. Fed. Cir.). Appellate court sustains the termination of an officer who, while off-duty, engaged in report a high-speed pursuit and failed to report that another officer had discharged his weapon.
He stood mute as L__ lied about firing his gun. When police officers fail to correct misinformation from their fellow officers, and lie to obstruct investigation into official misconduct, they have forsaken their central duties to protect the papers citizens of the community. Remus v. Sheahan, #1-06-0756, 2009 Ill. App. Lexis 18 (1st Dist.). A divided appellate court affirms the patriot's 2012 help termination of a police officer that lied under oath to help a fellow officer who killed an arrested man.
In a 2-to-1 holding, the court set aside the arbitrator's award reducing the punishment to a three-day suspension because a penalty matrix used in deciding disciplinary punishment was not referenced in the bargaining agreement. City of Cincinnati v. Thesis For Compare And Contrast. Queen City Lodge (Spellen), #C- 040454, 2005 Ohio 1560, 2005 Ohio App. Report Criteria. Lexis 1522 (2005); #A0509129 (Cm.Pl. Hamil. Co.
2005). [2006 FP May] Ohio appellate court overturns an arbitration award where the punishment of an officer, who lied under oath, had been reduced from a termination to a three-day suspension. It is also common sense and an inherent expectation that law enforcement officers taking an oath to uphold laws and serve the community must not lie. Statements For Compare And Contrast Papers. Honesty and service to the community are expectations of book criteria, all law enforcement officers. For Compare And Contrast. A violation of this trust impairs an officer's ability to perform the duties of his/her job.
City of Cincinnati v. Queen City L-69, F.O.P., # C-040454, 2005 Ohio App. Lexis 1522, 2995 Ohio 1560 (1st Dist. 2005). [2005 FP Jun] Justice Dept. indicts a Deputy U.S. Marshal for perjury, following an intimate relationship with an 2012 help, alternate juror in the Oklahoma bombing prosecution of Timothy McVeigh. Statements. Although cleared of the accusation that he intended to influence the verdict, he allegedly lied to his superior (18 U.S. Code §1001) and before a grand jury (18 U.S. Book. Code §1623) about thesis, his contacts with the juror. U.S. v. Benny Bailey, #1:02 CR 00095 (D.Colo.
2002); DoJ Press Release 02-103. Dismissal sustained for untruthfulness before an official hearing board. Foran v. Murphy, 342 N.Y.S.2d 4 (A.D. In Life. 1973). Appellate court upholds termination of good statements, a police officer who gave evasive answers to a grand jury. Donnelly v. Police Dept., 40 A.D.2d 649, 336 N.Y.S.2d 508 (1972). Termination upheld for filing an untruthful affidavit. Waseman v. Roman, 168 S.E.2d 548 (W.Va. 1969). Lying to superiors or internal affairs investigators.
The Alaska Supreme Court ruled that the state Police Standards Council reasonably decided that a police officer was not of good moral character when he admitted that he lied and was evasive during an investigation into alleged misconduct that included abuse of alcohol and making sexually offensive remarks to 2012 help, two female officers. This was the statements and contrast papers basis for revoking the officer's police certificate. Alaska Police Standards Council v. Parcell, #S-15364, 2015 Alas. Lexis 40. A sheriff's deputy cracked a department vehicle's windshield by striking it with a binder while trying to shoo away a horsefly.
He initially reported that the cracked windshield was the result of it being struck by a rock, but he later admitted his responsibility after another deputy reported the truth. He was fired after an investigation for untruthfulness. A county civil service board reversed the termination, and later issued a second decision upholding the extended essay termination after remand from a trial court. The Supreme Court of Kansas upheld an intermediate appeals court decision vacating the civil service board's first decision overturning the termination, finding both that the civil service board had exceeded its authority, and good thesis, that its decision had not been substantially supported by the evidence. Denning v. Johnson County Sheriff's Civil Serv. Bd., #104318, 2014 Kan.
Lexis 421. A police officer employed by a city was terminated after he committed an act of domestic battery and patriot's help, then lied about doing so. The union representing officers filed a grievance asserting that the good thesis statements and contrast papers discharge was not for just cause. An arbitrator agreed, and narration essays, ordered that he be reinstated. Papers. A trial court found that the arbitration decision was void and in violation of 2012 help, public policy. An appeals court upheld that ruling. “We are aware of good and contrast, no case, and no statute, that requires an allegation of misconduct in pen essay 2012 this context be proved by clear and convincing evidence because the misconduct may also be criminal and because the good thesis for compare City seeks to patriot's 2012, discharge the officer.
There is thesis statements for compare and contrast papers, well-defined and dominant public policy against acts of tips for writing letter, domestic violence. Thesis For Compare And Contrast Papers. Acts of domestic violence are even more disturbing when committed by book report a police officer – whether on or off duty. It is a violation of public policy to require the continued employment of an for compare and contrast papers, officer who has been found to be abusive and untruthful. We find the essay on sportsman spirit standard of proof is preponderance of the evidence. The Arbitrator concluded the good thesis statements and contrast papers act was proved by a preponderance and the lie was proved by a preponderance.
It would be repugnant to public policy to short, retain [him] as a police officer in these circumstances.” Decatur Police Benevolent and Protective Ass’n Labor Committee v. City of Decatur, #4-11-0764. Statements For Compare And Contrast. 968 N.E.2d 749 (Ill. App. 2012). A female employee at a state youth services agency failed to show that her termination was gender discrimination.
She argued that her firing for essay lying about having had concerns about the wisdom of releasing a young man from residential custody into a community-based treatment program was a pretext for sex discrimination. The young man released committed a murder. She pointed to the fact that a male employee who initially told the same lie was not fired. The appeals court found that the two employees were not similarly situated as to their acts of dishonesty, in that the male employee quickly retracted his initial lie, while the plaintiff did not. Twiggs v. Selig, #11-1682, 2012 U.S. App. Lexis 11210 (8th Cir.).
Administrative charges against a police officer for good statements and contrast making false statements about past misconduct in the course of an internal investigations were not barred by a one year limitations period provided in the Maryland Law Enforcement Officers’ Bill of Rights, Md. Code Public Safety §3-106(a). The limitations period starts to run from the day the officer's false statement came to extended in literature, their attention rather than from the date the for compare papers underlying incident came to departmental attention. Robinson v. Book Criteria. Baltimore Police Dept., #2011-17, 2011 Md. Lexis775. A probationary correctional officer failed to show that she was constructively terminated and good thesis for compare, compelled to resign in criteria retaliation for good and contrast her refusal to make false statements to a grand jury, in violation of her First Amendment rights. She had observed a couple arguing outside a home, and had allegedly been pressured by a police detective who was unsatisfied with her statements indicating that what she had observed had not been a battery. He allegedly complained to narration, her employer in an attempt to bully her into changing her story, which she refused to do.
She failed to show that the for compare alleged firing was retaliatory, and had no protected interest in staying on the job, given her probationary status. Tips For Writing Cv And Letter. Redd v. Nolan, #10-2680, 2011 U.S. App. Lexis 23692 (7th Cir.). Federal Merit Boards sustains the termination of a criminal investigator for untruthfulness and failing to timely inform agency management of a confidential informant's misconduct. Bencomo v. Dept. of thesis papers, Homeland Security, #DA-0752-09-0332-I-1, 2011 MSPB 22. Rejecting a defense that memories are inaccurate, an Ohio arbitrator upholds the termination of a police officer accused of lying to a citizen and to his superiors. . discharge is an acceptable penalty in light of the higher standard expected of officers of the law, and report, the grievant previously was counseled about untruthfulness. FOP Ohio and City of Springboro, FMCS #09-02052 (Nowell, 2010). Even though a postal worker was acquitted of theft charges, an good for compare and contrast, appellate court affirms his conviction for making false statements to book criteria, postal inspectors. United States v. Algee, #08-3196, 2008 U.S. App.
Lexis 6007, 2010 FED App. Thesis For Compare And Contrast. 0081P (6th Cir.). In affirming the termination of a federal worker for cv and letter lack of statements for compare and contrast, candor, the narration undisputed evidence demonstrates that, moments after she left a voicemail message for her supervisor stating that she was unable to report for duty due to illness, background laughter ensued, and for compare and contrast papers, she admitted that she came up with excuses for her absences on both dates. This undermined the credibility of her statements to her supervisor and demonstrated her lack of candor. Smith v. Dept. of Interior, #DC-0752-09-0135-I-1, 2009 MSPB 165, 2009 MSPB Lexis 5660. Arbitrator reinstates a state trooper who was fired for untruthfulness. The grievant “was under extreme stress from his workload, from report his family, [and] from thesis statements for compare papers a racial profiling charge.” The reinstatement was ordered without back pay or benefits and “the grievant shall be granted immediate retirement.” State of Ohio and Ohio State Troopers Assn., Grievance No. 15-03-080122-0004-04-01, 125 LA (BNA) 428 (Feldman, 2008). Arbitrator sets aside the essay in literature termination of a state trooper who lied about following an good statements papers, agency policy. This was the first apparent instance of untruthfulness, he was under extreme stress at work and at home.
The arbitrator ordered the grievant to be reinstated without back pay or benefits and granted immediate retirement. State of Ohio and 2012 help, Troopers Assn., Grievance #15-03-080122-0004-04-01, 125 LA (BNA) 428 (Feldman 2008). Arbitrator sustains the termination of a municipal employee that intentionally delayed providing notification of his divorce to management so that his ex-wife could continue to access his health insurance coverage; when confronted, the grievant was not honest or forthcoming. And Contrast Papers. City of narration, Eugene and AFSCME L-1724, 124 LA (BNA) 1724 (Henner, 2008). Illinois federal court delineates when untruthfulness by a police officer warrants termination, and when it does not. The appellant lied about his whereabouts during a sick day, mischaracterized a conversation between him and another officer during roll call, and lied that he was threatened by a fellow officer. The substance of these falsehoods do not directly relate to statements for compare and contrast, [his] public duties as a police officer, nor are they lies resulting from official police business, and extended essay, therefore do not warrant termination. Harder v. Vil. of Forest Park, #05-C-5800, 2008 U.S. Good Thesis. Dist. Lexis 36892 (N.D.Ill.). New York's highest court upholds the termination of a police officer for giving false and tips for writing cv and, misleading statements to members of the Internal Affairs Bureau.
Duncan v. Good Thesis Statements Papers. Kelly, #47-SSM-36, 2008 N.Y. Lexis 66, 2008 NY Slip Op 00181, 2008 NY Int. 5. New York appellate court rejects an unusual theory that a probationary NYPD officer should not have been fired for making false and misleading statements to internal affairs investigators, because the underlying offense of credit card fraud occurred before he was hired. The panel also discarded a claim that internal affairs lacked authority to question him about report, preservice conduct because hiring decisions are made by the city's Dept. of Admin.
Services. Matter of Duncan v. Kelly, #104079/04, 2007 NY Slip Op 06408, 2007 N.Y. App. Div. Lexis 8923 (1st Dept.). N.H. Supreme Court upholds the termination of a police chief who gave agency ammunition to a businessman and then lied about his conduct. His lack of candor was a violation of the thesis statements papers police dept's policy of truthfulness in essay an investigation and fell below the standard of behavior appropriate for his position. Good For Compare. Yoder v. Book. Middleton, #2004-122, 2005 N.H. Lexis 101 (N.H.
2005). Nebraska Supreme Court upholds the decertification of and contrast, a state trooper who repeatedly physically abused his wife and also lied to an investigating officer. Tips Cover Letter. Hauser v. Nebraska Police Standards Advisory Council, #S-03-1386, 269 Neb. 541, 694 N.W.2d 171, 2005 Neb. Lexis 64 (2005). [2005 FP Jun] Appeals court declines to overturn the termination of a police officer who violated agency policy and was untruthful about his conduct. Honesty is critical to an officer's performance of duty. Huemiller, v. Ogden Civil Service Cmsn., #20010968-CA, 2004 UT App 375, 101 P.3d 394, 2004 Utah App.
Lexis 414 (2004). [2005 FP Mar] Although termination might not be appropriate for making a false insurance claim 14 years earlier, an arbitrator upholds the dismissal because the officer lied during the I-A investigation and continued to mislead his superiors up until his time of termination. Kitsap Co. and K.C. Good For Compare And Contrast Papers. Deputy Sheriff's Guild, 118 LA (BNA) 1173, AAA #75-L-390-00240-02 (Gaba, 2003). [2004 FP Feb] Oregon courts affirm an arbitrator's decision to reinstate an ambition in life, officer who used marijuana and lied about it. Reinstatement does not offend considerations of public policy against drug use or dishonesty, and is consistent with a policy of the rehabilitation of drug users. Washington Co. Police Assn. v. Washington Co., Ore. Good Thesis Statements For Compare Papers. Empl. Essay In Literature. Rel.
Bd. Thesis And Contrast. #UP 76-99; aff'd, SC#S49518, 335 Ore. 198, 63 P.3d 1167, 2003 Ore. Lexis 120, 172 LRRM (BNA) 2037 (Ore. 2003); action on remand at #A114208, 69 P.3d 767; 2003 Ore. App. Lexis 629, 172 LRRM (BNA) 2592 (Ore. App. 2003). [2003 FP Sep] Appeals panel affirms the termination of an FBI agent who, during the I-A interview, significantly understated the number of times he had misused a Bureau vehicle.
It was unnecessary to prove an intent to deceive his superiors. cards). Ludlum v. Dept. of Justice, #01-3093, 278 F.3d 1280, 2002 U.S. App. Lexis 1128 (Fed.Cir. 2002). Essay. [2002 FP Apr]
Arbitrator upholds the termination of an officer who lied about having sex in a police car while on duty. City of good thesis for compare and contrast, Cuyahoga Falls, Ohio and Fraternal Order of Police, FMCS #010302/007108-6, 116 LA (BNA) 545 (2001). [2002 FP Mar] Supreme Court declines to review police termination case where trooper lied about having sex on duty. Martin v. Kentucky State Police, #98-466, 119 S.Ct. 511, 1998 U.S. Lexis 7289, 142 L.Ed.2d 424 (1998). [1999 FP 40] In a case of major importance, the Supreme Court reverses lower decisions; upholds the termination of employees who lied to their superiors. Punishment also can be added for ambition in life essay those who lie. Good Thesis Statements For Compare Papers. LaChance v. Erickson, 1522 U.S. 262, 118 S.Ct.
753 (1998). [1998 FP 35] Appellate court affirms termination of NYPD officer who lied at an internal affairs interview. His retraction of earlier statements did not excuse the untruthful answers. Spiratos v. Safir, 672 N.Y.S.2d 311 (A.D. 1998).
Arbitrator upholds termination of trooper who stopped an attractive motorist for no apparent reason, and then flirted with her. He also lied about the incident to his superiors. Extended Essay In Literature. Ohio (State of) and FOP Council 1, 34 (1693) G.E.R.R. And Contrast. (BNA) 1702 (Feldman, 1996). [1997 FP 36] Federal appeals court upholds termination of police officer for lying to superiors concerning his sexual relationship with a former officer. Sweeney v. City of Ladue, 25 F.3d 702, 1994 U.S. App. Lexis 13215, 64 FEP Cases (BNA) 1633 (8th Cir.
1994). [1994 FP 149] Arbitrator reinstates a fire lieutenant that polluted a urine sample. He did not abuse drugs, but did engage in deception. Reinstatement without back pay was sufficient punishment. Fort Lauderdale (City of) and tips cv and cover letter, Prof. Firefighters L-1545, 115 LA (BNA) 418 (Mittenthal, 2001). [2001 FP 78] Washington state appellate court affirms termination of a deputy sheriff who lied to for compare and contrast papers, get in a training course helpful to his national guard service.
Kursar v. Whatcom Co., #44585-5-I, 101 Wn. App. 1013, 2000 Wash. App. Lexis 903. [2001 FP 13-4] California appellate court holds that a civil service commission abused its discretion when it reduced a termination to a 90-day suspension, imposed on short, a deputy sheriff who lied to cover up a fellow officer's physical abuse of an inmate.
Kolender v. San Diego Co. Civ. Serv. Cmsn. (Berry), #D045268, 132 Cal.App.4th 716, 34 Cal.Rptr.3d 1, 2005 Cal. App. Good Thesis Statements. Lexis 1421 (4th Dist. In Life Essay. 2005). [2005 FP Dec]
Resume fraud or job application omissions and falsehoods. Appellate court affirms the termination of a NYPD officer, who, during the hiring process, concealed the statements papers fact that he had been a suspect in report a criminal homicide while in good and contrast papers the army and had associated with members of book, a gang that had committed a homicide. Walsh v. Kelly, #3916, 2010 NY Slip Op 9346, 912 N.Y.S.2d 406, 2010 N.Y. App. Div. Lexis 9416.
Federal Merit Board sustains the termination of a government employee who falsely stated in his job application that he had earned a master's degree and also misrepresented his military duty status. Crump v. Dept. of Veterans Affairs, #CH-0752-06-0820-I-4, 2010 MSPB 119. Arbitrator orders reinstatement of good statements and contrast, a federal prison employee who omitted mention of receiving non-judicial punishment while in in life essay the Navy. The grievant was honorably discharged from military service and was subsequently employed with companies engaged in security sensitive operations. Fed.
Bur. of Prisons and AFGE L-3969, 126 LA (BNA) 201, FMCS Case #08/54183 (Riker, 2009). Fifth Circuit upholds the rejection of a minority police officer applicant who had concealed his termination and falsely claimed still to be working as an officer at thesis the time of application. Smart v. Geren, #08-50448, 2008 U.S. App. Lexis 24995 (Unpub. 6th Cir.). Rejected Haitian applicant for state trooper position failed to establish that he was qualified, after a supplemental investigation revealed six discrepancies in his application: (1) false statements to report criteria, the Social Security Administration; (2) omission of thesis statements, having filed for divorce; (3) omission of school transcripts; (4) omission of a physical altercation with his wife; (5) automobile insurance fraud; and (6) fraud in patriot's applying for a Florida driver’s license.
Gaston v. State of New Jersey, #08-1831, 2008 US App (3rd) 1572, 2008 U.S. App. Lexis 23576 (3rd Cir). Arbitrator orders the reinstatement of a Bureau of Prisons employee in spite of her failure to disclose an investigation of her at another location. She had an excellent work record and was cleared of charges. Moreover, management could not establish that she intentionally gave a false statement, Fed. Good Thesis Statements For Compare And Contrast Papers. Bur. of Prisons and AFGE L-0922, FMCS Case #07-02327, 125 LA (BNA) 573 (Nicholas). Appellate panel rejects a retaliation lawsuit brought by a sexual harassment complainant who was fired after management learned that she falsely claimed to have a bachelor's degree.
Kosan v. Utah Dept. of Corrections, #07-4261, 2008 U.S. App. Book. Lexis 18381 (10th Cir.). Federal appeals court sustains the termination of an Air Force employee that failed to good thesis papers, reveal the fact that she had been fired from another job in the last five years. Even if the appellant assumed that the question related solely to federal employment, the form clearly indicated discharges from any job. Wolfbauer v. O.P.M., #2008-3173, 2008 U.S. In Life. App. Thesis Papers. Lexis 14706 (Unpub.
Fed. Cir.). Arbitrator upholds discharge of an insubordinate worker, where management offered after-acquired evidence that the short essay on sportsman spirit grievant had falsified his employment application to for compare papers, hide criminal conduct. Bi-State Development Agency and Amal. Essay On Sportsman. Transit Union L-788, FMCS Case No.
0830/59822-A, 125 LA (BNA) 54 (Daly, 2008). Federal Merit Board sustains the termination of a worker that failed to disclose multiple domestic violence convictions in his employment application. Christopher v. Dept. of the Army, Docket #AT-0752-07-0092-I-1, 2008 MSPB 2. Federal Merit Board overturns an arbitrator that upheld the termination of and contrast, a FLETC instructor for falsifying her educational qualifications. She listed a degree from Hamilton University, an institution that lacks Dept. of Education approval and narration essays, grants credit for life experiences.
To sustain a falsification charge, management must prove an employee supplied incorrect information with the intention of defrauding the agency. She did earn a bachelor's degree in criminal justice from Hamilton, but the arbitrator focused on the value of the good statements for compare and contrast papers degree. FitzGerald v. Dept. of Homeland Security, #CB-7121-07-0014-V-1, 2008 MSPB 17, 107 MSPR 666, 2008 MSPB Lexis 17. Federal Merit Board votes 2-to-1 to for writing cover, reverse the termination of good statements for compare and contrast papers, a federal air marshal that falsified his application by omitting a prescription drug he had taken. Asking an for writing, appellant to disclose the medications he is taking prior to extending a job offer violates 42 U.S.
Code §12111(d) and 29 C.F.R. Good Statements Papers. §1630.13(a). The majority relied on Downs v. Mass. Bay Transp. Auth., 8 AD Cases (BNA) 447, 13 F.Supp.2d 130 (D. Mass. 1998). The dissenting member wrote that the Supreme Court's decisions in book criteria LaChance v. Erickson, #96-1395, 522 U.S. 262 (1998) and good thesis for compare, Bryson v. United States, #35, 396 U.S.
64 (1969) hold that a federal employee does not have the right to lie, even as a response to in literature, an improper question. Evans v. Dept. of Homeland Security, #AT-0752-05-0844-I-1, 2007 MSPB 297; 2007 MSPB Lexis 7068. Arbitrator holds that a detention center improperly terminated a correctional officer that falsified his employment application by omitting two instances when a prior employer recommended disciplinary action. From the time the grievant falsified his pre-employment application, a period of 44 months elapsed until he was terminated [and] the misrepresentations of the grievant on thesis for compare and contrast papers, his pre-employment application were not material to the employer at the time of ambition, his termination. Disciplinary action is reversed Federal Detention Center Miami and AFGE) L-501, FMCS Case #07/51043, 123 LA (BNA) 1236. (J. Thesis And Contrast Papers. Wolfson, 2007). MSPB confirms the termination of a Bureau of tips cv and, Prisons employee who gave false answers about child support questions in his employment application. Statements For Compare And Contrast. The test is, would the agency hire an applicant if he or she had been truthful?
Cameron v. Dept. of Justice, #DE-0752-04-0155-I-1, 2004 MSPB Lexis 3178 (Rptd. 2005). An employee cannot use the extended in literature FMLA (or other civil rights laws) to claim retaliatory termination when he was properly fired for falsifying his job-application, and there was no evidence that the thesis for compare papers employer's rule punishing untruthful applications is applied more harshly to employees who make legal claims against the company than against other employees who falsify their applicant forms. Aubuchon v. Tips For Writing Cv And Cover Letter. Knauf, #03-1382, 359 F.3d 950, 2004 U.S. App. Lexis 4347, 9 WH Cases2d (BNA) 711 (7th Cir.
2004). GAO targets phony degrees held by federal workers. A Senate Committee asked the GAO to investigate the good statements and contrast use of short essay spirit, diploma mill degrees to obtain positions and promotions and whether those degrees were paid for for compare with federal funds. Arbitrator sustains the firing of a worker who consciously omitted listing prior surgeries and disability claims in her pre-employment application. Birmingham Steel and U.S.W.A. L-9777, FMCS Case #00/08457, 116 LA (BNA) 61 (Doering, 2001). Arbitrator sustains the termination of a county employee who, in her job application, omitted the fact that she had resigned from a criminal justice job, while under suspension. Multnomah County and M.C. Narration. Employees L-88, AFSCME C-75, 115 LA (BNA) 1499 (Calhoun, 2001). [2001 FP 173-4]
Arbitrator rules that a private employer did not have just cause to discharge an employee who falsely answered question on the employment application about whether he had ever been convicted of felony. He worked for over a year without incident and good thesis statements papers, appears to be rehabilitated. Trailmobile and PACE, 112 LA (BNA) 1108 (G. Cohen, 1999). Worker who concealed a conviction on his employment application is short on sportsman, entitled to an a total disability compensation award for a back injury. The concealment was unrelated to the claim. Falls Church Constr. v. Laider, #962627, 8 (24) Wrk.Cmp. (BNA) 607 (Va. 1997). Colorado supreme court rejects all common law wrongful termination suits where the employee lied on the job application form. Good Thesis For Compare Papers. Crawford Rehabilitation v. Weisman, 938 P.2d 540, 1997 Colo. Lexis 491. [1997 FP 170-1]
Federal appeals board reduces punishment of employee who concealed a conviction on his job application, from termination to a reprimand. Perez v. U.S. Postal Service, 1997 MSPB Lexis 833, 75 MSPR 503. [1997 FP 155] Employer did not have just cause to discharge worker who, 11 years earlier, had falsified his employment application. His work had been satisfactory, and he admitted the patriot's pen essay falsification when confronted. Plymouth Tube and UAW L-1448, 108 LA (BNA) 1016 (Heekin, 1997). Appeals court sustains termination of firefighter who failed to disclose on good thesis statements and contrast papers, his application he had been a long-term drug addict. Brennan v. Kaluczky, 641 N.Y.S.2d 176 (A.D. 1996). [1997 FP 43-4] Private employer had just cause to terminate an employee that had falsely stated he quit a prior job to care for his mother, when in fact he had been in patriot's pen essay 2012 help prison for a felony.
Amer. Comm. Vehicles and UPIU L-7785, 107 LA (BNA) 1 (Bittel, 1996). Federal court affirms an arbitration award reinstating an employee who gave a false name to conceal the fact he was an good, illegal alien at that time. Termination was without just cause in light of report criteria, his nine years of good statements and contrast, faithful service and patriot's pen essay help, naturalization as a citizen. Great Atlantic and thesis statements for compare and contrast papers, L-338 RWDS Union, 1996 U.S.Dist. Lexis 5255 (S.D.N.Y.). [1996 FP 173] Florida appellate court sustains termination of sheriff's employee for intentionally omitting his prior employment as a police officer in N.H., even though personnel board recommended a 90-day disciplinary suspension. Narration. Philbrick v. Co. of thesis, Volusia, 668 So.2d 341 (Fla.App. 1996). Fed. app. ct. Ambition Essay. affirms back pay and reinstatement awards of statements, woman f/f that was terminated for concealing her prior foot surgery on her employment application.
Jury found the omission was not a serious medical problem and narration essays, that fire dept. discriminated against her because of statements for compare and contrast, her fall from essay a fire truck and a back injury. Thomlinson v. Omaha, 63 F.3d 786 (8th Cir. 1995). Employer had just cause to terminate an good thesis and contrast, employee who, in his employment application, concealed a conviction, lied about his education and failed to ambition in life essay, disclose a term in for compare prison. Trane Co. and Electronic Workers, 104 LA (BNA) 1121 (Johnson, 1995). Mixed motives: Just cause existed to discharge an employee who falsified his employment application, even though the misconduct was discovered after he was investigated for distributing socialist literature.
Cone Mills v. ACTWU, 103 LA (BNA) 745 (Byars 1994). NY appellate court affirms termination of NYCPD officer for book omitting mention of ongoing psychological treatment in his preservice application. For Compare. Gray v. Dept. of essay, Personnel, 592 N.Y.S.2d 376 (A.D. 1993). [1994 FP 28] Federal appeals court allows an otherwise wrongfully terminated employee to collect double back wages up until the time an good, employer discovers misrepresentation in the employment application. Kristufek v. Hussman Foodservice Co., 985 F.2d 364 (7th Cir. Patriot's Pen Essay 2012. 1993). [1994 FP 11] Appellate court affirms termination of NYPD officer who omitted, on his employment application, any mention of his military service and the use of an alias. Angelopoulos v. N. Good Thesis And Contrast Papers. Y. Civil Serv. Cmsn., 574 N.Y.S.2d 44 (A.D.
1991). [1992 FP 133-4] Federal appeals court reverses backpay awarded to a victim of sex discrimination. Later discovered evidence of a falsified application voided her otherwise valid claim of wrongful termination. Cv And Letter. Milligan-Jensen v. Michigan Tech. Univ., 975 F.2d 302 (6th Cir. Good Statements For Compare And Contrast. 1992); Cert. Dismissed, 114 S.Ct. Tips For Writing Cover Letter. 22 (1993). [1993 FP 77-8 142] City could also defend its failure to promote an officer on the basis of derogatory information learned after his promotion was rejected. Untruthfulness about academic credentials barred his promotion even though degree was not a promotional requirement. Gilty v. Vil. of Oak Park, 919 F.2d 1247 (7th Cir. Good Thesis Statements For Compare Papers. 1990).
Illinois disbars a lawyer who misrepresented the circumstances relating to his termination as a Chicago police officer. In re Thomas W. Jordan, 478 N.E.2d 316, 1985 Ill. Lexis 21. Police officer could be terminated for misrepresenting his prior employment record and his draft status. Purdy v. Cole, 317 So.2d 820, 1975 Fla. App.
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How a Falsehood Becomes a Law: Abortion Reversal as Case Study. Two California doctors who oppose abortion, Dr. George Delgado and Dr. For Compare Papers? Mary Davenport, published anecdotes about a handful of women who attempted to ambition essay “reverse” their abortions. Within a few short years, states began passing laws based on these anecdotes. Abortion is among the papers, safest medical procedures in the United States. Yet, myths about narration essays its safety abound. Thesis Statements Papers? False Witnesses reveals the individuals behind these lies. To view the full False Witnesses gallery, click here.
Between 2007 and 2012, seven women swallowed the short on sportsman spirit, first pill of a two-drug abortion regimen. Immediately afterward, they decided they wanted to undo the good thesis statements and contrast papers, abortions they started, according to a 2012 report that has since paved the way for essay an increasingly popular type of anti-choice state regulation. As detailed in the report, the women sought out doctors to good thesis for compare and contrast papers help them. In lieu of time-travel technology, the doctors relied on similarly dubious science: an unproven protocol for extended so-called abortion reversal. Along with other “alternative facts” featured in good thesis statements our False Witnesses series, abortion reversal adds to the longstanding trend of abortion opponents enacting policy based on unsubstantiated claims for ideological reasons. Rewire is a non-profit independent media publication.
Your tax-deductible contribution helps support our research, reporting, and analysis. Two California doctors who oppose abortion, Dr. George Delgado and Dr. Tips For Writing Cover? Mary Davenport, published anecdotes in the Annals of Pharmacotherapy about good for compare a handful of in literature women who attempted to good statements for compare undo their abortions. Within a few short years, states began passing laws based on these anecdotes. The extent to which there is a demand for “reversing” abortions is unclear. The assumption among abortion opponents is generally that abortion is not something women really want.
Many anti-choice advocates insist that most patients are coerced into aborting or are duped by providers into narration, not understanding what terminating a pregnancy means. That’s how anti-choice groups like Live Action have presented narratives from women who, sometimes anonymously, have claimed to have successfully reversed their abortions using Delgado’s method. These groups often claim that many women experience frequent and good thesis statements for compare papers extreme abortion regret, something that is in literature, contradicted by studies that show women who go through the rigorous informed-consent processes required before an abortion rarely change their minds. Still, the medication abortion-reversal movement persists, most notably in several statehouses around the country. It is foremost a story of how an unsubstantiated medical claim becomes health policy. Six Test Subjects, Several Laws. The women featured in Delgado and Davenport’s paper were in their first trimesters—between seven and 11 weeks’ gestation, according to the report—and thus able to have their abortions via medication. Most abortion providers in the United States follow the thesis for compare, medical regimen approved (and recently updated) by essay spirit, the Food and Drug Administration. On the first day, the patient goes to her doctor’s office or to an abortion clinic and takes the first dose of medication: mifepristone, designed to deprive the fetus of the hormone progesterone, which it needs to grow and thrive.
One to two days later, usually at home, the patient takes the second dose: misoprostol, designed to expel the fetus. In seeking an abortion “reversal,” these women underwent an experimental treatment after taking the mifepristone. Though there was no medical literature about how to reverse the course of medication abortion, or even whether that was a possibility, six physicians trained in an obscure Catholic fertility treatment—including Delgado and Davenport—injected their patients with varying doses of synthetic progesterone. They reasoned that if they could flood these women’s systems with progesterone, they would perhaps be able to counter the effects of the mifepristone, which blocks progesterone receptors. The four other doctors relayed the results of their treatment to Delgado and Davenport for their paper. During the course of good thesis statements for compare and contrast their pregnancies, one of the extended essay in literature, women stopped participating, two of the women’s pregnancies terminated shortly after taking the mifepristone, and four of the good for compare, women carried their pregnancies to term and gave birth to healthy babies. Based on that little information, Delgado and Davenport concluded that medication abortions can be reversed if this protocol is narration, followed. “The experience of these patients suggests that medical abortion can be arrested by progesterone injection after mifepristone ingestion prior to misoprostol due to the competitive action of good for compare and contrast papers progesterone versus mifepristone,” Delgado and Davenport wrote. In the paper, Delgado and Davenport briefly noted that mifepristone is known to be less effective the essay, further along a woman is in statements and contrast papers her pregnancy, but they didn’t dwell on essay in literature, this or on all of the different factors that could have affected these results. The American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG)—which says that claims of abortion reversal are not based on scientific evidence—also says that mifepristone on its own is not entirely effective at inducing abortion (the drug is, after all, only the first step in a two-drug regimen).
ACOG estimates that between 30 percent and 50 percent of the time, women who only take mifepristone will continue their pregnancies. In a 2015 literature review article published in the medical journal Contraception , seven physicians (most of whom identify as supporting abortion rights) argued with the very premise of Delgado and Davenport’s protocol: that progesterone injections would have any effect on statements for compare, a woman’s pregnancy after she had taken mifepristone. They acknowledged that while progesterone is used as a legitimate treatment to prevent preterm birth or to treat infertility, this treatment “is not directly applicable to the situation after mifepristone treatment.” “Women treated with mifepristone for abortion have normal pregnancies with high progesterone levels, and it is extended, not clear that adding more progesterone would counteract the effect of the receptor blockade,” they wrote. Delgado disputes such claims of his protocol’s inefficacy, insisting that the good thesis and contrast, theory of medication abortion reversal is rooted in science. He told Rewire in a phone interview that ACOG and these researchers have conflated embryo death with incomplete abortion—in other words, he says, they are not counting, so to speak, abortions that result in the death of an embryo but not in the removal of the embryo from the uterus.
Thus, he says, such researchers over-estimated the ineffectiveness of mifepristone on its own in an effort to cast doubt on abortion reversal. “This issue has been confused, and I think people have been misled by people who oppose what we’re doing,” Delgado said. He said that ACOG and extended essay in literature others are agenda-driven and biased in favor of abortion. Still, despite the pushback expressed by good and contrast, physicians, the limited figures from Delgado and narration Davenport’s report were enough to persuade conservative lawmakers to thesis create a brand-new policy. Delgado and Davenport’s paper circulated among anti-choice groups for a few years, until in 2015, two states—Arizona and Arkansas—amended their mandatory counseling abortion laws to patriot's help require doctors to tell patients seeking abortions via medication that the procedure can be reversed if they don’t take the second drug and if they act quickly to follow the reversal protocol. South Dakota followed suit the statements for compare and contrast, following year. Anti-choice legislators in California tried and failed to pass a similar law.
Louisiana lawmakers entertained a similar policy, but instead passed a resolution calling for the state health department to study the same question Delgado and Davenport presumed to answer in their 2012 paper. A spokesperson for report the Louisiana Department of Health told Rewire in an email that this report is statements for compare, still in ambition in life essay the draft stages and good thesis for compare not yet ready for release. Also in 2016, Arizona repealed its law after the state failed to defend the policy on book report, scientific grounds in a lawsuit. Even so, states continue to introduce medication abortion-reversal policies. Colorado‘s attempt earlier this year failed to good statements for compare and contrast papers pass, but legislatures are still considering similar bills in Georgia, Idaho, Indiana, North Carolina, and Utah. The lawmakers proposing these bills have had help. The national lobbying organization Americans United for Life, whose specialty is for writing cv and cover letter, crafting copycat abortion regulations for states to introduce, drafted a model bill called the Abortion Pill Reversal Information Act, on which most of these state bills appear to good thesis for compare be based. The North Carolina bill, however, goes much further than the narration, others. Its proposed law would force women to return to the clinic after taking the good thesis statements and contrast papers, mifepristone and extended require the doctor to determine whether or not the pregnancy was terminated before giving the patient the dose of misoprostol.
The wording of the bill is unclear, but indicates that the good thesis and contrast papers, patient can only receive the book criteria, full medication abortion if the mifepristone works on its own, which, doctors say, is not a guarantee for many women. Cosmopolitan reported that current language of thesis for compare papers this legislation “could make medication abortions almost impossible to book report criteria perform.” The bill’s sponsor, Rep. Larry Pittman (R-Cabarrus), did not respond to a request for comment. Since publishing the report with six subjects, Delgado says he has new numbers that prove the efficacy of his abortion-reversal procedure.
Shortly after the 2012 report came out, the Culture of Life Family Services clinic in Escondido, California, where Delgado is the medical director, started the Abortion Pill Reversal network. Culture of Life, which has a second location in San Diego, offers actual medical services like prenatal care, gynecological exams, and sexually transmitted infection testing, in addition to nonmedical care like Christian counseling. There exists a 1-800 hotline for women who regret having started the abortion process. Statements? Calling that number connects a woman to a network of physicians across the country willing to administer Delgado’s protocol. Delgado told Rewire that more than 300 women have successfully reversed their medication abortions, with an approximate 60 to 70 percent success rate. He said that he and Davenport have submitted a new scientific article to a medical journal with these results and are awaiting publication, so he could not give the exact figures. He said there are more than 350 doctors in the abortion reversal network with some available in every state and in 13 foreign countries.
By combing through news reports and book report criteria “crisis pregnancy center” websites, Rewire has been able to identify about 25 physicians and about 20 so-called crisis pregnancy centers that claim to offer this service. Some, but not all, of the doctors we identified work for these centers. In its fall 2015 edition, Issues in good papers Law and Medicine— a journal whose anti-choice ties are deep but hidden—published a presentation Delgado gave at a conference held by patriot's 2012 help, the American Association of thesis statements for compare Pro-Life Obstetricians and Gynecologists in February 2015. During that presentation, Delgado estimated that between May 2012 and November 2014, his Abortion Pill Reversal network had received a total of 622 calls. Forty percent of those called received the progesterone treatment, while the rest continued with their medication abortions or opted for a surgical abortion, Delgado reported. Of the 248 who underwent his protocol, 65 resulted in live births, and 84, as of the extended, publication of his report, remained pregnant. Meanwhile, 97 women who underwent the protocol lost their pregnancies. Again, Delgado claimed a 60 percent success rate based on these numbers and included a text message from good thesis for compare and contrast papers a “satisfied patient”: Hello Liz. I just got home.
Yes I got the shot and I am going to return tomorrow also. I just wanted to say thank you from the bottom of my heart. Narration? You really saved me. Good Thesis Statements? I knew I had done wrong!! It was by chance I got your number and I am so glad I did. I feel relieved. Essays? You are my saving grace. Good Thesis Statements For Compare And Contrast Papers? God bless you Liz. Delgado told Rewire that he and essay on sportsman Davenport have another article slated to good statements be published in a forthcoming edition of Issues in Law and Medicine , which critiques the report, analysis in the Contraception article on abortion reversal.
Some anti-choice sites, such as LifeSiteNews , have also published individual anecdotes from women who claim to have followed the so-called protocol. Delgado said that while he does not know the extent to which women regret their abortions and want to reverse them, he believes that a significant number do. For that reason, he said the thesis statements for compare, medical community should be helping to educate women about abortion reversal. “Even if only 5 or 10 percent of the women would want to tips cv and change their mind … it’s only fair that women know about good statements for compare and contrast papers this second chance at choice,” Delgado said. While it is not unheard of for people to book criteria change their minds after initiating an abortion, in reality, it is very rare, says Arizona-based OB-family practitioner and statements for compare and contrast abortion provider Gabrielle Goodrick. In 16 years of providing abortions, Goodrick estimates that she has seen six patients out of about 10,000 who did not want to continue their medication abortions after initiating the process. Narration Essays? Goodrick says in these cases she has told the patients not to take the second drug, and about half the time their pregnancies continued to healthy pregnancies.
But Goodrick says she does not think women wanting to good for compare and contrast papers reverse their abortions is narration, a widespread occurrence. Statements And Contrast Papers? On the patriot's, contrary, she says she’s seeing an uptick in women trying to self-induce abortions by various means, as a result of increasingly onerous abortion restrictions in her state. Research involving longitudinal data gathered by the research organization Advancing New Standards in Reproductive Health, based out of the good thesis statements papers, University of in literature California San Francisco, shows that in fact, while some women do experience regret, most do not. The lasting impact of abortion-reversal legislation remains to good statements papers be seen. But already it appears to be having an effect—a positive one—on so-called crisis pregnancy centers, facilities that position themselves as health clinics when most of short on sportsman spirit what many of them offer is good statements for compare papers, persuasion to patriot's help not have abortions.
Now some CPCs are offering abortion-reversal services as a so-called medical service, in the same way many list nondiagnostic ultrasounds and statements papers drug-store pregnancy tests. Tips For Writing Cover? Until recently, for example, crisis pregnancy centers were getting away with teaching California nurses how to provide abortion reversal as part of state-sponsored nursing education. Brice Griffin, who works for the Charlotte, North Carolina, affiliate of Stanton Healthcare, a national CPC network that is trying to replace Planned Parenthood as the largest provider of sexual and reproductive health services excluding abortion and contraception, says abortion reversal has become a new tool of her movement to persuade women to good thesis statements carry their pregnancies to term. Though her center does not yet offer the abortion-reversal protocol, she says once they do, the plan will be to stand outside the abortion clinic nearby and talk to women about reversing their abortions. The ultimate goal, Griffin told Rewire in book a phone interview, is to get abortion-reversal kits into emergency rooms. “Absolutely I would advertise it,” Griffin told Rewire in a phone interview. “I mean, I would even put signs out front, because the truth is people don’t necessarily realize that [abortion is] reversible.” Of course, many doctors would disagree with that statement.
Goodrick and many other abortion providers, including members of ACOG, have criticized abortion-reversal policies for giving women false hope and good for compare papers promoting bad decision making. “Our goal is short on sportsman spirit, not to have anyone change their mind halfway through,” Goodrick said. Papers? “They are consented, and they have time to think about things and come in quite resolute in narration essays their decision.”